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Franklin Site Investigations
IDEM Ongoing Investigations Updates (click on the Virtual File Cabinet (VFC) links below to access all site documents):
- Former Warrior Oil
- A review of a response to IDEM’s Request for Information has been completed. Previous sampling data provided by the site owner showed limited soil petroleum contamination and no ground water contamination above IDEM Remediation Closure Guide Residential Tap Water Screening Levels. The ground water results corresponded with the results of IDEM water samples obtained from the on-site drinking water well in 2018.
- Former Franklin Power Products (400 N. Forsythe Street)
- IDEM received the results of our requested investigation of the ground water. We are now awaiting results from Amphenol’s June 2019 sampling at the site: Off-Site Groundwater Work Plan [PDF]
- RCO Reed Corp.
- IDEM received documentation related to a December 2018 waste inspection. IDEM inspector concerns with waste storage and handling have been addressed.
- Hurricane Development (former Hougland Tomato Cannery)
- In January 2019, shallow and deep ground water monitoring wells were installed in the farm field east of the site to evaluate the eastward and vertical boundaries of the site ground water contamination. Containerized drilling purge water and soils were disposed on February 18, 2019 as non-hazardous waste as determined by laboratory sample results. Several samplings of the on- and off-site monitoring wells were conducted, and a final report of the investigation activities and results is anticipated to be submitted to IDEM by June 2019. Further ground water delineation activities are anticipated to the east.
- Previous sampling results showed no downgradient detections of chlorinated compounds in the ground water near the schools or the residential neighborhood, and thus people are not, and have not, been exposed to contaminated ground water or any vapors with this site.
- Former Arvin Industries
- On March 18, 2019, IDEM received Arvin Meritor’s response to the Agency’s State Cleanup Notice Letter requiring an Initial Site Investigation be conducted in 90 days.
- On May 8, 2019, Arvin’s consultant initiated drilling and sampling activities on the site according to the submitted site history and work plan: 82772506 and 82772509.
- IDEM received, and is reviewing, a Supplemental Initial Site Investigation Report/Work Plan (82801877) containing the May 2019 site investigation results and an additional investigation proposal.
- Webb and Needham Schools
- IDEM, Franklin Community Schools, and the City of Franklin collaboratively worked to evaluate sewers located adjacent to the schools. On March 27, 2019, IDEM and the city/school’s consultant collected sewer vapor samples from access points on school property and along Eastview Drive.
- Results of IDEM’s sewer tests showed the sewer connections sampled closest to the schools were non-detectable for the presence of TCE and PCE: 82743265.
- Letter from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to the Indiana State Department of Health [PDF]
The Indiana State Department of Health site provides additional information.
Hurricane Creek: Three surface water samples were collected on August 23. No detectable volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were found in any of the sample locations.
Short Term Air Monitoring: IDEM conducted ambient air testing on August 29 in six locations around the city. All six ambient air samples were well below IDEM Remediation Closure Guide Residential Indoor Air Screening Levels for PCE and TCE.
Stationary Air Monitor: Franklin Active Adult Center stationary air monitor installed on October 1, 2018. IDEM’s stationary air monitor has detected no levels of concern in the ambient air.
EWA/Mundell 2018 Report: IDEM committed to re-sampling three of the homes and the ambient air site due to the levels of contaminants detected as shown in the EWA (Mundell) air sampling report. In addition to 11 homes tested and found to have no vapor intrusion concerns, based on the results of IDEM’s and EWA’s subsequent vapor resampling of the 3 homes, subsurface and/or sewer vapors are not affecting indoor air at any of the sampled locations:
- EWA/Mundell sampling location #6: IDEM re-sampled this home on August 14. No detections of PCE or TCE were found in the indoor air, crawlspace or ambient air.
- EWA/Mundell sampling location #13: IDEM re-sampled this home on October 16. No detections of TCE or PCE were found in the indoor air, basement or ambient air.
- EWA/Mundell sampling location #12: IDEM re-sampled this home on October 17. No detections of TCE or PCE were found in the indoor air, crawlspace or ambient air.
Ground Water and Soil Gas Sampling: Drilling was completed on August 28 and three ground water samples were taken. Soil gas samples were collected on September 6.
- Ground water: No detectable VOCs were found in any of the three ground water samples.
- Soil gas samples: The soil gas results were all below applicable screening levels.
Paris Estates Well Sampling: Sampling complete. None of the nine VOC chemicals, including TCE and PCE, were found in the water above the laboratory detection limits at any of the 24 homes tested. Individual results are available on the interactive map.
- Archive of IDEM Franklin Updates
- Franklin Community Schools Test Results [PDF]
- Franklin College Test Results
- City of Franklin: EnviroForensics Focused Groundwater and Soil Gas Investigation Report [PDF]
- City of Franklin: EnviroForensics Eastview Drive Sanitary Sewer Investigation [PDF]
Office of Land Quality (OLQ) staff created the following IDEM guidance documents to help identify cleanup methods, technologies, or other tactics to use at contaminated sites in Indiana.
- Vapor Intrusion:
- This page covers vapor intrusion and how to determine if it is a problem, how to correct it, and where to find additional information and guidance.
- Vapor Mitigation Systems [PDF]:
- This document describes technologies that may reduce air concentrations or cut off completed vapor intrusion pathways.
- Vapor Remedy Selection and Implementation [PDF]:
- This document provides guidance for evaluation and implementation of remedies at potential vapor intrusion sites.
- Vapor Intrusion Investigation Documentation [PDF]:
- This document provides a template for recording information about vapor intrusion investigations.
Franklin, like other cities and towns in Indiana, has a long commercial and manufacturing history. Environmental contamination in the city of Franklin has become a concern to its citizens. Residents have called attention to cancer cases in their community which they believe may be linked to environmental issues.
Exposure to volatile organic compounds can happen in many ways, but most commonly occurs when chemicals move through soil into ground water and subsequently are taken up into drinking water wells. Vapors may also migrate through sewers and into structures (vapor intrusion).
These same chemicals may be present in residences and businesses through the use of certain consumer products such as cleaners, adhesives, lubricants, dry cleaning, and stain removers.
Former Webb Wellfield:
Two of three wells in the former Webb Wellfield were contaminated with the chemicals cis-1,2-dichloroethylene and trans-1,2-dichloroethylene based on findings from routine samples collected from the wells in compliance with the Safe Drinking Water Act. These chemicals are volatile organic compounds that were identified in the ground water at the former Webb Wellfield in quantities that did not threaten the potability of the water supply in Franklin. However, upon finding increasing concentrations of these contaminants over time, Indiana American Water chose to discontinue the use of these two wells in 2007 and by 2013 had closed all three wells. By doing so, the potential threat of exposure to contaminants (ingestion via drinking the water) was eliminated and the continued safety of Franklin’s water supply was ensured.
At no time during the operation of the former Webb Wellfield was the water from any of the wells considered unsafe for public consumption.
As a result of the contamination found in the former Webb Wellfield, the Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM) conducted investigations to determine the source of the contamination. IDEM found tetrachloroethylene and trichloroethylene contamination in the soil and ground water west of the former wellfield (Houghland Tomato Factory). The investigation was referred to IDEM’s State Cleanup Program and is currently part of an enforcement-led action. IDEM will ensure remaining routes of human and environmental exposure, if any, are eliminated.
Franklin Power Products, Inc. and Amphenol Corp. conducted an environmental investigation and cleanup at their former Franklin, Ind. industrial facility under two Administrative Consent Orders issued by U.S. EPA’s RCRA Corrective Action program in 1990 and 1998. U.S. EPA determined that a former owner and operator, Bendix Corp., released volatile organic compounds and other chemicals into the environment.
U.S. EPA is responsible for overseeing the investigation and cleanup of the Amphenol site.
Edison Wetlands Association/Mundell Report:
Recent sampling by the Edison Wetlands Association (EWA) in Franklin has suggested that vapor intrusion of chlorinated compounds may be occurring at some locations in Franklin.
IDEM has reviewed the sampling information and does not believe that vapor intrusion has been demonstrated at any of the 14 sampled residences. As a precaution, IDEM has pledged to re-sample four locations: three homes and one ambient air site.
- Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR):
- IDEM (available on the IDEM Fact Sheets page):
- Tetrachloroethene (PCE)
- Vapor Intrusion
Other Resources and Contact Information:
- IDEM: (800) 451-6027 Option 6, Franklin@idem.IN.gov (Office of Land Quality, State Cleanup)
- Meet Your IDEM Investigation Team [PDF]
- Indiana State Department of Health
- U.S. EPA, Region 5