John Pinnow                            Jeffrey A. Modisett
Attorney at Law                        Attorney General of Indiana
Greenwood, Indiana
                                Kathryn Janeway
                                Deputy Attorney General
                                Indianapolis, Indiana

In The

ANTHONY MCGREGOR,            )    
Defendant-Appellant,        )    
v.                    )    49S00-9902-CR-115
STATE OF INDIANA,                )
Plaintiff-Appellee.            )


The Honorable Mark F. Renner, Magistrate
Cause No. 49G04-9802-CF-030289


On Direct Appeal

March 24, 2000

DICKSON, Justice

The defendant-appellant, Anthony McGregor, was convicted of rape, as a class A felony, See footnote and found to be a habitual offender.See footnote We affirm.
The defendant first challenges the trial court's choice of a jury instruction regarding reasonable doubt. The court gave the instruction expressly approved in Winegeart v. State, 665 N.E.2d 893, 902 (Ind. 1996). The defendant requests that we reconsider our holding in Winegeart. The State urges that the defendant waived this claim on appellate review by failing to object contemporaneously to the giving of this instruction as a final instruction, even though the defendant did object to the giving of this instruction as a preliminary instruction.
Indiana Trial Rule 51(C) declares in part: "No party may claim as error the giving of an instruction unless he objects thereto before the jury retires to consider its verdict, stating distinctly the matter to which he objects and the grounds of his objection." See also Ind. Crim. Rule 8(B) & (H). The appellate review of a claim of instruction error requires a timely and precise trial objection. Scisney v. State, 701 N.E.2d 847, 849 (Ind. 1998). We require that an instruction objection at trial be timely, clear, and specific to inform the trial court of the claimed error, to afford an opportunity for timely correction and thus prevention of inadvertent error, and to facilitate appellate review. Mitchem v. State, 685 N.E.2d 671, 675 (Ind. 1997); Smith v. State, 565 N.E.2d 1059, 1061 (Ind. 1991), overruled on other grounds Albaugh v. State, 721 N.E.2d 1233, 1235 & n.5 (Ind. 1999); Harvey v. State, 546 N.E.2d 844, 846 (Ind. 1989). The purpose is not to create a procedural trap. Scisney, 701 N.E.2d at 848.
In the present case, the defendant timely objected to the trial court's preliminary instruction No. 6 regarding reasonable doubt and tendered its proposed instruction as a replacement. The trial court denied the defendant's request to give his tendered instruction and instead gave its own instruction as proposed. The trial concluded the next day. At the close of evidence, the defense did not object to the court's reasonable doubt instruction, even though the court indicated that it would again give the preliminary instructions as part of the final instructions.
In this two-day trial, where the defendant timely objected to the trial court's proposed preliminary instruction on reasonable doubt, clearly presented to the trial court the same objection he now raises on appeal, but did not again recite the objection when the trial court re-read its preliminary instructions as part of the final instructions, we decline to find waiver. See Lee v. State, 424 N.E.2d 1011, 1012 (Ind. 1981); but cf. Phillips v. State, 496 N.E.2d 87, 89 (Ind. 1986).
However, we find that the trial court did not err in giving its reasonable doubt instruction. We expressly approved this instruction in Winegeart and have since frequently considered and repeatedly approved the instruction, rejecting challenges such as those made by the defendant here. See, e.g., Turnley v. State, No. 49S00-9812-CR-757, 2000 WL 295214, ___ N.E.2d ___, ___ (Ind. Mar. 21, 2000); Williams v. State, No. 49S00-9901-CR-45, 2000 WL 254379, at *2, *3, ___ N.E.2d ___, ___ (Ind. Mar. 7, 2000); Dobbins v. State, 721 N.E.2d 867, 874-75 (Ind. 1999); Ford v. State, 718 N.E.2d 1104, 1105 (Ind. 1999); Barber v. State, 715 N.E.2d 848, 851-52 (Ind. 1999); Williams v. State, 714 N.E.2d 644, 650 (Ind. 1999), cert. denied 2000 WL 198110 (U.S. Ind. Feb. 22, 2000); Young v. State, 696 N.E.2d 386, 390 (Ind. 1998); Tobias v. State, 666 N.E.2d 68, 69 (Ind. 1996). We decline to reconsider Winegeart.
The defendant also contends that the trial court abused its discretion by not instructing the jury at the beginning of the habitual offender stage that the jury was the judge of the law and the facts, although the jury was twice previously so instructed. The defendant acknowledges that he failed to request that the trial court again read this instruction to the jury and that he failed to object to habitual offender phase final instruction No. 29,, but the defendant asserts a claim of fundamental error to avoid the application of procedural default. This is not fundamental error. Seay v. State, 698 N.E.2d 732, 737 (Ind. 1998). We find that this claim was forfeited.
    The judgment of the trial court is affirmed.
    SHEPARD, C.J., and SULLIVAN, BOEHM, and RUCKER, JJ., concur.

Footnote: Ind. Code § 35-42-4-1.

Footnote: Ind. Code § 35-50-2-8.