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Indiana Territory - Timeline

The name of the author and the page number of the reference is in parenthesis. The full citations are available in the issue bibliography.

1773 February 9 William Henry Harrison born at Berkeley, Va. (Carruth, 80).
1773 December 16 Boston Tea Party (Carruth, 80).
1774 Spring In Ohio River Valley, atrocities by Indians and whites against each other escalate. Results in Dunmore's War with troops under Gov. Dunmore of Va. Movement to the west increases after this campaign against the Indian. (English, 64-65).
1774 September 5-October 26 First Continental Congress meets in Philadelphia to resist British tyranny (Carruth, 78).
1774 December 14 First military encounter of American Revolution, Fort William and Mary, N.H. (Carruth, 82).
1775 April 19 Battles of Lexington and Concord, Mass. (Carruth, 84).
1775 June 17 Battle of Bunker Hill, Mass. (Carruth, 86).
1776 July 4 Continental Congress approves Declaration of Independence; signed by members August 2 (Carruth, 88).
1777 Colonel Henry Hamilton, lieutenant-governor of Detroit, recruits pro-British Indians to fight American frontier settlements. Indian attacks on Ky. settlers increase (English, 81-85, 215-23).
1777 September 19 Continental Congress flees Philadelphia; occupied by British forces, September 26 (Carruth, 92).
1777 November 15 Continental Congress adopts Articles of Confederation (Carruth, 92).
1777 December 10 George Rogers Clark presents plan to Va. Governor Patrick Henry to capture British posts in Illinois Country (English, 87-88).
1778 January 2 Clark receives permission and support for expedition against British; result, Clark captures British-controlled posts, including Vincennes (English, 92-94, 168-77, 192-201).
1778 October 7 Hamilton leaves Detroit to retake Vincennes; succeeds on December 17 (English, 226-34).
1779 February 25 Clark retakes post at Vincennes; British surrender (English, 349).
1780 October 10 Continental Congress passes "Resolution on Public Lands," which resolves to settle lands west of Appalachian Mountains and create future states (Patrick, 49).
1780s approximately William Henry Harrison attends Hampden-Sydney College, Prince Edward Co., Va. (Goebel, 16-18).
1781 March 1 Last of 13 states approve Articles of Confederation, 1st U.S. constitution (Carruth, 98).
1781 October 19 British General Charles Cornwallis and men defeated at Yorktown, Va. (Carruth, 98).
1783 September 3 Treaty of Paris signed, officially ends war; recognizes American independence from Great Britain (Carruth, 100).
1784 March 1 In Virginia Deed of Cession, state of Va. cedes claims to western lands (Hawkins, 5-8).
1785 January 12 Treaty of Fort McIntosh signed whereby large portion of current Ohio ceded by Wyandot, Delaware, Chippewa, and Ottawa Indians to U.S. (Kappler, 4).
1785 May 20 Land Ordinance of 1785 allows surveying and selling of land in Western Reserve (now in Ohio) (Carruth, 102).
1787 July 13 The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 establishes and provides system of government for Northwest Territory (Carruth, 102).
1787 October 5 Arthur St. Clair appointed governor of Northwest Territory (Barnhart and Riker, 272n).
1789 March 4 First session of Congress convenes (Carruth, 104).
1789 April 6 George Washington elected 1st president of U.S.; John Adams elected vice president. Washington inaugurated April 30 (Degregorio, 7-8).
1790 Harrison at Richmond, Va. studying medicine with physician. Then attends University of Pennsylvania's College of Physicians (Goebel, 18).
1790 June 20 Knox County, Northwest Territory formed, Vincennes is county seat (Barnhart and Riker, 274).
1790 September 30 General Josiah Harmar leads expedition against Miami Indians; battles October 19 and 22; Harmar retreats; ends November 3 (Barnhart and Riker, 283-84).
1791 August 16 Quitting medical studies, Harrison enters army, obtaining commission of ensign in First Regiment of U.S. Infantry (Goebel, 19-25).
1791 Fall Harrison's regiment leaves for Pittsburgh, then to Fort Washington (now Cincinnati) (Goebel, 25-26).
1791 November 4 Governor St. Clair, on expedition against Miami Indians, attacked by 1,000 warriors; St. Clair retreats (Barnhart and Riker, 293).
1792 August Harrison sent to Pittsburgh to join General Anthony Wayne's troops. They return to Fort Washington May 1793; Harrison becomes aide-de-camp to Wayne (Goebel, 31-32).
1792 December 5 Washington reelected president; John Adams, vice president (Carruth, 112).
1794 August 20 General Anthony Wayne's troops, including Harrison, defeat Indians at Battle of Fallen Timbers, temporarily ending Indian hostilities (Goebel, 34).
1795 August 3 Americans and Indians sign Treaty of Greenville; Harrison in attendance (Goebel, 35 ).
1795 Harrison sent back to Fort Washington, serves at blockhouse in North Bend; marries Anna Symmes in November (Goebel, 35-36).
1796 August Harrison placed in charge of Fort Washington (Goebel, 37).
1796 December John Adams elected president; Thomas Jefferson elected vice president (Carruth, 116).
1797 May Harrison advances to rank of captain (Goebel, 37).
1798 June 1 Harrison resigns from army (Goebel, 37).
1798 July 6 Harrison appointed secretary of Northwest Territory (Goebel, 40).
1798 October 29 Northwest Territory advances to 2nd stage of government (Barnhart and Riker, 308).
1799 October 3 Harrison elected delegate to represent Northwest Territory in Congress; Harrison writes Land Act of 1800 (Goebel, 42-45).
1800 May 7 Congress splits Northwest Territory into 2 territories: Indiana Territory and Northwest Territory (now Ohio, tip of southeast Ind., and part of Mich.) (Hawkins, 24-26).
1800 May 10 Land Act of 1800 passed, makes buying land in Indiana Territory easier (Hawkins, 27-36).
1800 May 13 Harrison appointed governor of Indiana Territory; John Gibson, secretary; Henry Van der Burgh, William Clark, and John Griffin appointed judges (Goebel, 56-59).
1800 July 4 John Gibson, secretary of Indiana Territory, serves as acting governor until Harrison arrives 6 months later (Goebel, 56).
1801 January 10 Harrison arrives at Vincennes, assumes duties as governor (Goebel, 57).
1801 January 12 Harrison calls judges for 1st legislative session; meet for 2 weeks, pass 6 laws, 1 act, and 3 resolutions (Goebel, 59).
1801 March 4 Thomas Jefferson 1st president inaugurated in Washington, D.C. (Carruth, 124).
1802 January 30 Harrison calls 2nd legislative session; meet for 6 days, pass 2 laws (Philbrick, 25-29).
1802 August 12 Harrison meets with Wabash tribes at Vincennes; bitterly disputing amount of land to be ceded, Indians eventually sign preliminary treaty September 17 (Goebel, 100-1).
1803 February 8 Harrison reappointed governor of Indiana Territory (Goebel, 56).
1803 February 16 Harrison calls 3rd legislative session; meet intermittently through March 24; pass 1 law and 2 resolutions (Goebel, 60).
1803 February 19 Ohio becomes 17th state (Carruth, 126).
1803 Spring Harrison, unsuccessful in getting Wabash Indians to accept Vincennes Treaty, invites chiefs to Fort Wayne in June; threatening to withhold annuities, Harrison obtains 1,152,000 acres of land; treaty signed June 7 (Goebel, 103-4; Kappler, 47-48).
1803 August 13 Harrison treats with Kaskaskia Indians and obtains almost 8 million acres of land (Kappler, 49-50; Goebel, 105).
1803 September 20 Harrison calls 4th legislative session; meet intermittently through September 22, 1804; pass 7 laws, 1 act, and 7 resolutions (Goebel, 60).
1804 August 4 Harrison issues proclamation, calls for election to determine if voters want general assembly (Hawkins, 37-38).
1804 November 3 Harrison treats with Sauk and Fox Indians, obtaining over 50 million acres of land (Kappler 54).
1804 December 5 Harrison proclaims Indiana Territory advancement to 2nd stage of government, allowing general assembly (Hawkins, 39).
1804 December 6 Petition to Congress by Wayne Co. (now Mich.) for separate territorial government (Hawkins, 40-41).
1804 Harrison completes Vincennes estate--Grouseland (Goebel, 58-59).
1805 January 11 Act by Congress divides Indiana Territory, creating Michigan Territory (Hawkins, 42-43).
1805 July 29 First General Assembly of Indiana Territory meets through August 26 (Barnhart and Riker, 347).
1805 August Amid growing Indian unrest, Harrison holds council at Grouseland (Goebel, 106).
1805 December 30 Harrison treats with Piankashaw Indians who give up 2,600,000 acres of land in southwestern Indiana Territory (now Ill.) (Kappler, 65; Dillon, 419).
1806 Harrison becomes increasingly aware of influential Shawnee brothers, Tecumseh and The Prophet, and their growing hostility against whites (Goebel, 109-11).
1806 December 17 Harrison reappointed governor of Indiana Territory (Goebel, 56).
1807 Indian crisis grows; Harrison demands The Prophet and his followers move away from Greenville, Ohio (Goebel, 112).
1808 Tecumseh, The Prophet, and his followers move to Prophetstown (near Battle Ground, Ind.) (Edmunds, 111 ).
1808 February 26 Suffrage Act of 1808 extends vote to those holding town lots with minimum value of $100; provision added to those of Northwest Ordinance of 1787 (Hawkins, 47).
1808 December 7 James Madison elected president (Carruth, 136).
1809 February 3 Congress passes act dividing Indiana Territory, creating Illinois Territory (Hawkins, 48-50).
1809 Spring Harrison, believing The Prophet plans to attack settlements, calls up 2 companies of militia; when rumors prove false, he dismisses troops (Goebel, 112-13).
1809 September 30 Harrison treats with Delaware, Miami, Potawatomi, and Eel River tribes; obtains about 2.5 million acres of land (Kappler, 73; Goebel, 113-15).
1809 December 20 Harrison reappointed governor of Indiana Territory (Goebel, 56).
1810 August Tecumseh and Harrison meet in Vincennes; Tecumseh, angry over Treaty of 1809, warns he will not tolerate any more land cessions without consent of all tribes (Barnhart and Riker, 379-80).
1811 March 3 Suffrage Act of 1808 revised by Congress; any free white male, 21 years or older, who has paid a county or territorial tax and has resided 1 year in said territory may vote (Hawkins, 55).
1811 July Harrison meets again with Tecumseh; Tecumseh asks Harrison not to disturb present state of affairs (Barnhart and Riker, 383-84).
1811 September 26 Harrison and 1,000 men leave Vincennes to march on Prophetstown; October 1, troops begin to erect Fort Harrison (near Terre Haute); October 29, continue march to Prophetstown (Goebel, 119).
1811 November 7 In Tecumseh's absence, Harrison defeats The Prophet at Battle of Tippecanoe, ending Tecumseh's confederacy; Harrison returns to Vincennes November 18 (Goebel, 122-23).
1811 December 11 Indiana Territory petitions Congress for statehood; petition denied (Barnhart and Riker, 413-14).
1812 June John Gibson becomes acting governor in Harrison's absence (Ewbank and Riker, 819n).
1812 June 18 War of 1812 begins; Americans fight British for control of American lands and shipping (Carruth, 144).
1812 August Harrison is appointed major general of Kentucky militia (Goebel, 136-37).
1812 August Harrison leaves Indiana Territory to collect and supply regiment for defense of Vincennes (Goebel, 135-36).
1812 September 17 Harrison receives full command of northwestern army; must take Detroit from British forces; invade Upper Canada (Goebel, 142).
1812 December 2 James Madison reelected president (Carruth, 146).
1812 December 28 Harrison resigns as governor (Ewbank and Riker, 819n).
1813 March 11 Indiana General Assembly passes The State Capital Act, moving territorial capital from Vincennes to Corydon (Hawkins, 57-59).
1813 April Thomas Posey, new governor of Indiana Territory, arrives at Vincennes (Ewbank and Riker, 819n).
1813 September 29 Harrison's troops take Detroit; British retreat to Canada (Goebel, 180).
1813 October 5 Harrison defeats British General Henry Proctor at Battle of Thames, Ontario, Canada; Tecumseh killed, destroying Indian resistance and British power in Northwest (Goebel, 181-83).
1814 May 11 Harrison resigns from army; retires to North Bend, Ohio; negotiates Indian treaty at Greenville, Ohio July 22 (Goebel, 195-98, 204-10; Kappler, 76).
1814 August 24 Washington, D.C. captured by British (Carruth, 150).
1814 December 24 Treaty of Ghent ends War of 1812 (Carruth, 150).
1815 January 8 Battle of New Orleans takes place 2 weeks after War of 1812 officially ends (Carruth, 152).
1815 August Harrison negotiates his last council with Indian tribes; Treaty of Spring Wells (near Detroit) signed on September 8 (Kappler, 83; Goebel, 211).
1815 December 11 Indiana's General Assembly petitions Congress for statehood (Hawkins, 60-63).
1816 April 19 President Madison signs Enabling Act, allowing Indiana Territory to hold constitutional convention (Hawkins, 64).
1816 May 13 Election of delegates to constitutional convention, scheduled for June 10 (Hawkins, 64-67).
1816 June 10-29 Constitutional delegates (43) meet at Corydon to compose Indiana's state constitution (Hawkins, 70-94).
1816 August 5 Jonathan Jennings elected 1st governor of state of Indiana; inaugurated November 7 (Barnhart and Riker, 460-61).
1816 November 4 Indiana holds first General Assembly under 1816 Constitution (Barnhart and Riker, 461).
1816 December 2 Harrison wins seat in 2nd session of 14th Congress (Goebel, 212-13).
1816 December 11 President Madison approves Indiana's admission into Union as 19th state (Hawkins, 95).
1817-1819 Harrison serves in U.S. House of Representatives (Goebel, 217-26).
1818 December 3 Illinois becomes 21st state (Carruth, 158).
1819 Harrison elected to Ohio Senate; serves 2 terms (Goebel, 223, 228-30).
1821 February Harrison returns to North Bend, Ohio (Goebel, 235).
1825 January Harrison elected U.S. Senator from Ohio; serves 3 years (Goebel, 243-46).
1828-1829 Harrison serves as minister to Columbia (Goebel, 254-55, 288).
1830 April Harrison returns to North Bend, Ohio (Goebel, 294).
1834 March Harrison nominated for president (Goebel, 306).
1836 Harrison loses presidential election to Martin Van Buren (Goebel, 320-21).
1837 January 26 Michigan becomes 26th state (Carruth, 200).
1839 December 4-7 Harrison nominated for president; John Tyler for vice president (Carruth, 208).
1840 December 2 Harrison elected president (Carruth, 210).
1841 April 4 Harrison dies of pneumonia; buried at North Bend, Ohio (Goebel, 377-78).
1848 May 29 Wisconsin becomes 30th state (Carruth, 230).
1858 May 11 Minnesota becomes 32nd state. (Carruth, 258).