Opportunity Zones in Indiana
Public Law 115-97, also known as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, allows the Governor of each state to nominate certain census tracts as "Opportunity Zones".
Opportunity Zone Designations
All 156 of the census tracts nominated by Governor Holcomb have been certified and designated as Opportunity Zones by the U.S. Department of the Treasury.
Below is a map and list of Indiana’s Opportunity Zones. The official map from the U.S. Department of the Treasury can be found here.
How did the Governor determine which zones to nominate?
Governor Holcomb nominated 156 census tracts with the help of a group of advisors from around the State. Census tracts were selected based on a combination of factors, including existing economic development programs and local coordination of efforts, economic and community data, likelihood of attracting short- and long-term investment, growing industry sectors within the community, and recommendations and information submitted through the online application, which closed on March 23. Additional information is available in the April 19 press release.
What is an Opportunity Zone?
The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (P.L. 115-97) allowed governors to nominate certain census tracts as Opportunity Zones, subject to approval from the U.S. Department of Treasury. Up to 25% of a state’s low-income census tracts were eligible for designation, which permitted Indiana to nominate up to 156 census tracts as Opportunity Zones. States were required to submit their lists of Opportunity Zones to the U.S. Department of Treasury no later than April 20.
Opportunity Zones provide federal capital gains tax advantages for investments made in these areas. This designation is intended to attract capital investment into areas that are economically distressed.
To be eligible as an Opportunity Zone, census tracts had to qualify as “low-income”. To do so, the census tract must have met one of the following requirements:
- The tract has a poverty rate of at least 20%; OR
- (A) For a census tract in a metropolitan area, the tract’s median family income does not exceed 80% of the greater of: the metropolitan area median family income or the statewide median family income; or (B) For a census tract in a non-metropolitan area, the tract does not exceed 80% of the statewide median family income.
However, if the census tract is located within a high migration rural county, the tract qualified as low-income if it did not exceed 85% (as opposed to 80%) of statewide median family income. A “high migration rural county” is any rural county that, during the 20-year period ending with the year in which the most recent census was conducted, has a net outmigration of inhabitants from the county of at least 10% of the county population at the beginning of such period.
Looking for more information about Opportunity Zones? The U.S. Department of the Treasury and the Economic Innovation Group have provided more information here and here. The text of the legislation creating the Opportunity Zone program can be accessed here.
If you have any questions regarding the Opportunity Zone program or nomination process, please email firstname.lastname@example.org