May is National Historic Preservation Month, and the DNR Division of Historic Preservation & Archaeology (DHPA) celebrates Indiana’s historic places every year in a variety of ways. DHPA promotes Historic Preservation Month events across the state and will post related items on the DNR Facebook Page during the first week of May to highlight preservation month.
Historic Preservation Month Theme & Poster Design
The 2023 Indiana Historic Preservation Month theme is Indiana’s Fraternal Organizations.
Before the Civil War, the only fraternal organizations in the United States were the Masons and the Odd Fellows. After the war, the founding of additional organizations increased dramatically.
The “golden age” of fraternal organizations occurred from the 1870s-1920s. Regardless of the uniting element of membership (veterans, occupation, politics, religion, ethnicity, etc.) at their core, the organizations’ primary purposes were social and charitable. Groups like the Elks, Eagles, Moose, Shriners, and Knights of Pythias offered the pageantry and comradery of meetings and events. They also helped financially support their members/families who were struggling.
Typically, membership was limited to white men, although many organizations later included auxiliary groups for women. Additionally, those of other ethnicities either started their own organizations (e.g., Ancient Order of Hibernians) or founded associated fraternal organizations based on the rituals and purpose of the larger fraternal group but focused on the needs and interests of their specific ethnic group (e.g., Prince Hall Masons, Chinese Lodge of Masons of America).
Membership dwindled with the growth of government social services that helped those in need and as commercial insurance became available. A resurgence in popularity of fraternal organizations happened after World War II, but their numbers are shrinking once again.View larger image (PDF)