Header

  Close Menu

Tree Species Information

Species listed below are not necessarily available at all times during the sale season of the nurseries. This list is for informational purposes only.

SpeciesYears to MaturityMature Height (feet)Soil DrainageSeed Bearing Age (Years)Light NeedsValue
American plum: Large wildlife shrub that produces abundant white flowers in spring and small edible plums in summer.
American Plum1015-30'dry, moist, wet, well-drained4full sunwildlife habitat & food & cover
Bald Cypress: Will grow in swamp, also grows well on better soil.
Bald Cypress5050-100'dry/well drained15full suntimber, wildlife cover,windbreak
Basswood: Flowers, honeybees.
Basswood5050-110'well drained10-20partial sun- full suntimber, wildlife food & cover
Black Cherry: Valuable timber.
Black Cherry5050-100'well drained15full suntimber, wildlife food & cover
Black Chokeberry: Attractive shrub.
Black Chokeberry2-35-13'acidic, moist to dry soil3-5full sunwildlife food and cover
Black Gum: Relatively low value for timber, blue berries in fall important food for wildlife.
Black Gum5050-80'wet, dry, and well drained15full suntimber, wildlife food & cover
Black Locust: Early fast growth & abundant root sprouts. Improves soil by fixing nitrogen-is a legume.
Black Locust3050-80'dry/well drained10full sunfirewood, posts, timber, fixes nitrogen
Black Oak: Valuable oak timber, adapted to dry soil, consistently produces acorns.
Black Oak5050-100'well drained/dry15full suntimber, wildlife food & cover
Black Walnut: Valuable timber, adapted to fertile, well drained soil.
Black Walnut5050-100'well drained10full suntimber, wildlife food & cover
Bur Oak: Valuable timber on moist to wet sites.
Bur Oak5050-100'wet, dry, and well drained10full suntimber, wildlife food & cover
Buttonbush: Wildlife cover-food on wet soils, will grow at edge of water.
Buttonbush35-15'well drained3full sunwildlife food & cover
Cherrybark Oak: Valuable timber on moist fertile soil, natural range is S. Indiana, grows well on bottomland soil.
Cherrybark Oak5050-100'well-drained15full suntimber, wildlife food & cover
Chestnut oak: A member of the white oak family adapted to dry, rocky soils. The acorns are an important food source for wildlife.
Chestnut Oak1550-100'dry, well-drained7full sunwildlife habitat & food & cover, timber
Chinkapin Oak: Valuable timber, adapted to high pH soil.
Chinkapin Oak5050-100'dry/well drained15full suntimber, wildlife food & cover
Common Chokecherry: Resembles Black Cherry
Common Chokecherry520'moist15-20full sun to partial shadewildlife food and cover
Eastern Red Cedar: Excellent food and cover, windbreak for dry or high pH soil, cedar apple rust can be a problem when planted near Washington Hawthorn or related species.
Eastern Red Cedar3030-60'wet, dry, and well drained10full sunwildlife food & cover, windbreak, timber, post.
Elderberry: Medium size wildlife shrub producing large clusters of small white flowers in spring and small blue fruit in summer.
Elderberry55-10'moist, wet, well-drained2full sun, partial shadewildlife habitat & food & cover
Flowering Crabapple: Large crop of small fruit that persists into winter providing food for wildlife.
Flowering Crabapple515-40'well drained4full sunwildlife food & cover
Small tree well-known for its white flowers in spring. The red fruit is an important food for many species of wildlife.
Flowering Dogwood5015-30'well-drained4full sun, partial shadewildlife habitat & food & cover
Gray dogwood: Medium size wildlife shrub with clusters of white flowers in spring and white fruit in fall. Important food and cover for wildlife.
Gray Dogwood155-10'moist, well-drained5full sun, partial shadewildlife habitat & food & cover
Green Ash: Valuable timber on all but dry soil, adapted to wet soil.
Green Ash5050-100'well drained/wet10full suntimber, wildlife food & cover
Hazelnut: Native hazelnut adapted to all but very wet very dry soils.
Hazelnut35-10'well-drained3full sunwildlife food & cover
Highbush Cranberry: Red fruit persists until late winter providing wildlife food in severe winters.
Highbush Cranberry55-15'well drained/wet3partial shadewildlife food & cover
Kentucky Coffeetree: Suited for moist streambank sites.
Kentucky Coffeetree5050-100'well drained20-30full suntimber, post, firewood
Ninebark: Fast growing shrub for moist to wet soil, attractive flower.
Ninebark106-9'well drained/wet3partial shade-full-sunwildlife food & cover
Northern White Cedar: Excellent windbreak, severe damage from bagworms in S. Indiana.
Northern White Cedar3030-60'well drained10full sunwindbreak, wildlife food & cover
Northern Bayberry: Wildlife cover and food, improves soil by fixing nitrogen, adapted to all but very wet and very dry soil.
Northern Bayberry55-20'wet, dry, and well drained4full sunwildlife food & cover
Norway Spruce: Windbreak for moist fertile soil.
Norway Spruce3050-70'well drained/wet15full suntimber, wildlife food & cover
Overcup Oak: Valuable timber, adapted to very wet soil, natural range S. Indiana.
Overcup Oak5050-80'well drained/wet15full suntimber, wildlife food & cover
Pawpaw: Pawpaw fruit is a valuable wildlife food. Native shrub growing in shade of trees but much more productive in full sun.
Pawpaw510-30'well drained/wet5partial shade-full sunwildlife food & cover
Pecan: Valuable timber on moist fertile soil, hardy to N. Indiana, grows well on moist bottomland soil.
Pecan5050-100'well drained15full suntimber, wildlife food & cover
Persimmon: Excellent wildlife food and valuable timber.
Persimmon3030-70'well drained/wet10full suntimber, wildlife food & cover
Pignut Hickory: Valuable timber.
Pignut Hickory5050-100'well drained/wet20-30partial shade-full suntimber, wildlife food & cover, firewood
Pin Oak: Adapted to very wet soil, will not tolerate high pH soil.
Pin Oak5050-100'well drained/wet15full suntimber, wildlife food & cover
Pitch Loblolly Pine: Replacement for red pine in southern Indiana.
Pitch Loblolly Pine4050-100'well drained/wet10-20full sunerosion control, timber, wildlife food & cover
Red Bud: Flowers-attractive to pollinators.
Red Bud1030'well drained/wet5full sun-partial shadewildlife food & cover
Red Oak: Valuable timber on moist fertile soil, not suited for very wet or dry soil.
Red Oak5050-100'well drained15full suntimber, wildlife food & cover
Red Pine: Windbreak for dry soil, best for central and N. Indiana.
Red Pine3040-80'dry/well drained10full sunWindbreak, wildlife cover, timber
River Birch: Rapid growth and adapted to very wet soil.
River Birch4040-80'well drained/wet10full suntimber, wildlife food & cover
Scarlet Oak: Adapted to dry acid soil, abundant acorn crops.
Scarlet Oak5050-100'dry/well drained15full suntimber, wildlife food & cover
Shagbark Hickory: Valuable timber.
Shagbark Hickory5050-100'well drained/wet20-30partial shade-full suntimber, wildlife food & cover, firewood
Long lived, large seeded hickory adapted to moist or wet soil. Bark provides shelter for bats and nuts consumed by humans and wildlife.
Shellbark Hickory10050-100'moist, wet, well-drained20full sunwildlife habitat & food & cover, timber
Shingle Oak: Adapted from dry to wet soil, abundant acorn crops.
Shingle Oak5050-100'wet, dry, and well drained15full suntimber, wildlife food & cover
Shumard Oak: Valuable timber on good soils, adapted to soils with high pH and wet, but not swampy soil, grows well on moist bottomland soil. Has good form and rapid growth.
Shumard Oak5050-100'well drained15full suntimber, wildlife food & cover
Silky Dogwood: Wildlife cover and summer food, will grow at waters edge.
Silky Dogwood35-10'well drained/wet3partial shadewildlife food & cover
Silver Maple: Adapted to stream bank soil, fast growth.
Silver Maple3050-100'well drained/wet15full suntimber, wildlife food & cover
Spicebush: Medium size wildlife shrub that will grow in full or partial shade on moist soils. Red fruit is food source for migrating song birds.
Spicebush105-10'moist, wet, well-drained3full sun, partial shadewildlife habitat & food & cover
Sugar Maple: Valuable timber.
Sugar Maple5050-100'well drained20-30partial shade-full suntimber, wildlife food & cover
Swamp White Oak: Valuable timber adapted to wet soils.
Swamp White Oak5050-100'well drained/wet15full suntimber, wildlife food & cover
Swamp Chestnut Oak: Valuable timber on moist but not extremely moist soils, grows well on moist bottomland soil.
Swamp Chestnut Oak5050-100'well drained15full suntimber, wildlife food & cover
Sweetgum: Adapted to very wet soil. Natural range is central and southern Indiana.
Sweetgum5050-100'well drained/wet15full suntimber, wildlife food & cover
Sycamore: Adapted to wet soil, fast growth.
Sycamore5050-120'well drained/wet15full suntimber, wildlife cover
Tuliptree: Valuable timber and fast growth on moist soil.
Tuliptree5050-120'well drained15full suntimber, wildlife food & cover
Virginia Pine: Will stabilize severely eroded soil, windbreak on poor soil.
Virginia Pine3030-80'dry/well drained15full suntimber, wildlife food & cover
Washington Hawthorn: Excellent cover and winter food for wildlife/thorns protect nests, may be damaged by cedar apple rust if planted near eastern red cedar.
Washington Hawthorn515-30'well drained4full sunwildlife food & cover
White Ash: Valuable timber on all but dry sites, adapted to wet soil.
White Ash5050-100'well drained/wet15full suntimber, wildlife food & cover
White Oak: Valuable timber on a wide range of soils from moist to dry.
White Oak5050-100'well drained/wet15full suntimber, wildlife food & cover
White Pine: Fast growing windbreaks on all but wet or very dry soil.
White Pine4050-100'well drained/wet15full sunwindbreak, wildlife food & cover, timber

Please note: tree seedling species offered vary each year

Upcoming Events

Upcoming Events

More Events

Top FAQs