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Indiana Protection & Advocacy Services

IPAS > Special Education > Special Education Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations Special Education Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations

EHA-The Education of the Handicapped Act. This is the federal law that guarantees all children with disabilities the right to a free appropriate public education. The law is sometimes called 94-142. In 1990, the name of the law was changed to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act or IDEA. IDEA was reauthothorized in December of 2004 and is now called Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (IDEIA)

ESY-Extended School Year services. Services provided to children who do not make reasonable educational progress during the school year without services during the summer.

IDEIA-Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act. This is the new name for the Education of the Handicapped Act (EHA).

IEP-Individualized Education Program. The annual document that describes what special education and related services your child is to receive.

IEP TEAM-The multidisciplinary team of people who make all special education decisions about a child, including eligibility for special education, testing to be done, development of IEP, determination of placement and reviews. The parent is a member of the team.

LCC-Local Coordinating Council. A group of people representing all of the city or county-level agencies that provides services to children. The LCC makes recommendations for residential school placements.

LEA-Local Education Agency. The local school system (LSS) responsible for educating your child.

LRE-Least Restrictive Environment. All children with disabilities have a right to be educated in the least restrictive environment in which their IEPs can be implemented.

P.L. 94-142-Another name for the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act or the Education of the Handicapped Act. This was the 142nd law passed by the 94th Congress of the United States.

P.L. 99-457-Another name for the Infants and Toddlers or early intervention amendments to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. The Infants and Toddlers program requires services for children from birth to three years of age, including an individualized family services plan and case management services.

SEA-State Education Agency. The Indiana State Department of Education.

Section 504--A federal law that prohibits any agency that gets federal money from discriminating against a person on the basis of disability. Section 504 requires "reasonable accommodation" of a disability. Section 504 can be used to address special education issues that may not be covered by the IDEA. For example, such issues may include the length of your child's school day, the accessibility of your child's school building, services to parents with disabilities, or the educational treatment of children who have disabilities that are not listed in the IDEA, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Section 504 can also be used to get reasonable accommodation for a child who has a disability but who does not need special education. For example, a child who has diabetes may need medication or a snack during the day, or a child who uses a wheelchair may need help getting from one part of the school building to another or special transportation for school field trips.