Cervids (Deer, Elk)

Cervids include: deer, elk, moose and reindeer.

The Indiana State Board of Animal Health (BOAH) registers and inspects all Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) susceptible farmed (captive) cervid facilities, regardless of the type of operation -hobby, breeding or hunting. CWD-susceptible species include: white-tailed deer, elk, red deer, sika, Japanese deer, spotted deer, mule deer, wapiti, moose and hybrids of these species.

Owners of CWD-susceptible species must comply with the standards for either the registered herd program or the certification herd program.

Registered Herd Program

The Registered Herd Program establishes minimum requirements for all known CWD-susceptible species. This program does not apply to herds in commercial trade because it does not meet interstate shipping requirements and herds do not gain CWD status.

Requirements:

  • Herd location(s) must be registered with BOAH (Premises ID)

  • Each animal must have two forms of ID, an official ID tag and a unique secondary ID

    • Identification must be applied when the animal is restrained for any reason such as: testing, vaccinating or treatment.

  • Maintain current inventory records

  • Appropriate fencing used for species

  • Annual inspection and inventory reconciliation by BOAH

Not required to collect CWD samples on dead cervids.

Certification Herd Program

The Certification Herd Program is voluntary and provides a higher herd health rating than the "Registered Program" status.

The Certification Herd Program is required for herds with animals moving interstate and/or in commercial trade.

Certification Herd Program Application

Requirements:

  • Herd location(s) registered with BOAH (premises ID)

  • Each animal must have two forms of ID, an official ID tag and a unique secondary ID

  • All animals must be identified before 12 months of age

  • Maintain current inventory records

  • Test results for all deceased cervids must be maintained with herd records

  • Minimum 8 foot tall fence which prevents egress and ingress of cervids

  • Annual inspection and inventory reconciliation by BOAH

  • Physical inventory every third year

Must collect and submit CWD samples from all dead cervids older than 1 year of age.

Hunting Preserve

Captive Cervidae Hunting Preserve Licensing Program
Click on the link above for the hunting preserve webpage.

Cervid Identification

Cervids are required to have two forms of ID:

  • One must be an official, tamper-resistant ear tag bearing a U.S. shield and a 15-digit number beginning with the "840" prefix or the NUES silver, steel tag.

  • The second, unique form of ID may be another ear tag, an electronic implant, a flank or ear tattoo, or the Indiana cervid herd tag. Current Indiana cervid herd tags and NAEBA ear tags are classified as "unique" secondary IDs.

Guide to Cervid Official Identification

Tag Distributors

Record Keeping Requirements

Cervid owners are required to maintain a herd inventory that includes records on all cervids purchased, sold, born, harvested and died.

Records must include: name and addresses of buyers and sellers, date of birth, sex of all animals, all animal identifications, and date animal was harvested or found dead.

Cervids that are kept temporarily (transient animals) must also be documented. Transient animals include bottle-fed fawns, animals brought in for breeding, and any animal that is bought and sold that does not enter the owner's herd. A cervid producer buying and selling deer that do not commingle with the herd, are also required to keep the above records for deer movement.

Record Keeping for Transient Cervids
(Cervid owners do not have to use this form, it is provided as a sample.)

Moving Into Indiana (Import Requirements)

Click here for requirements to import cervids into Indiana.

All CWD-susceptible cervid species must obtain a pre-entry permit from the Indiana State Veterinarian that authorizes the movement.

Pre-Entry Permit Application and Instructions

The pre-entry permit application must be submitted to the State Veterinarian at least 5 business days before the projected movement date.

Import Requirements for Carcasses, Meat and Other Parts
Click here for entry requirements for cervid carcasses, meat and other parts hunted in another state.

Moving Within Indiana
(In-State Movement Requirements)

  • Cervids 12 months of age or older must test negative for tuberculosis within 90 days prior to movement or originate from an accredited tuberculosis-free herd.

  • Cervids must have two forms of ID, an official ID tag and a unique secondary ID.

Movements Out of Indiana

Before moving animals to another state, always call the state-of-destination for that state's requirements. Click here for a list of other state animal health offices.

Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD)

CWD is a neurological (brain and nervous system) disease found in deer, elk, and moose. CWD attacks the brains of infected cervids and is always fatal.

CWD Q&A

CWD Information for Hunters

CWD Positive States Map

Cervid owners may meet sampling requirements for CWD testing on dead cervids by completing the CWD sample submission form and shipping or delivering the head or carcass to the Indiana Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory (ADDL) in West Lafayette, IN or the Heeke ADDL (SIPAC) laboratory in Dubois County, IN.

CWD Sample Submission Guidelines

Farmed Cervidae CWD Sample Submission form, ADDL

CWD Certified Collector

BOAH veterinarians are available to teach cervid owners how to collect CWD samples. If you would like to be a certified collector, contact Dr. Shelly Chavis at: schavis@boah.in.gov or 260-450-2139.

Certified CWD Collector Application

Certified CWD Collector Receipt

Farmed Cervidae CWD Sample Submission form, ADDL

Formalin Jars and Equipment for CWD Collection - Supplier list
NOTE: NVSL is no longer providing CWD kits with formalin jars. For a list of suppliers click on the link above.

Certified CWD Collector Biosecurity Tips

Certified CWD Collector Fact Sheet

Health & Disease Information

Anthrax

Tuberculosis- and Brucellosis-Free Herd Requirements

Tuberculosis (TB)
TB is a contagious, chronic bacterial disease. The infection commonly involves the lungs, but it may spread to other organs. Animals often don't show signs until the infection has reached an advanced stage.

More information on cervid tuberculosis is available at: www.in.gov/boah/2396.htm

Accredited TB-Free Herd requirements and application

Brucellosis
Brucellosis is a contagious disease of livestock and wildlife that has significant consequences for animal and public health and international trade.   

Brucellosis Information

Certified Brucellosis-Free Herd requirements and application 

Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease (EHD)
EHD is a viral disease that causes flu-like symptoms in deer and is usually fatal.

EHD Information

Find a Cervid Veterinarian

Click here for a list of Indiana veterinarians who work on cervids.