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About Indiana Agriculture

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  • Current: About Indiana Agriculture

By the numbers

  • Agriculture contributes an estimated $31.2 billion to Indiana’s economy.
  • Indiana is the eighth largest agricultural exporter in the nation, exporting just over $4.6 billion in 2017.
  • The value of unprocessed agricultural commodities sold was $11.1 billion in 2017.
  • The Indiana hardwoods industry has an annual economic impact of over $10 billion.
  • There are FFA chapters in 91 of the 92 counties in Indiana
  • The total employment footprint of agriculture- and forestry-related industries in the state is estimated at 188,640 jobs in 2012.
  • Indiana has 56,649 farming operations, with an average farm size of 264 acres.
  • There are more than 20.5 million turkeys in Indiana.
  • Indiana is the tenth largest farming state in the nation.
  • There are just over 94,000 farmers in Indiana.
  • The average age of an Indiana farmer is 55.5 years old.
  • Indiana's farmers cultivated just over 15 million acres of farmland in 2017.
  • More than 80 percent of land in Indiana is devoted to farms, forests and woodland.
  • 4.1 of Indiana’s 4.9 million forest acres are privately owned. There are 83,000 family forest ownerships in Indiana.
  • Hoosier forests offer a sustainable and natural raw material for manufactures. Indiana statewide timber growth exceeds removals for harvest and natural tree mortality by 2.3 times.
  • Indiana’s hardwood industry supports 70,000 jobs -- 44,000 in primary and secondary manufacturing and 26,000 in ancillary sectors.
  • There are more than 4.2 million hogs in Indiana.
  • Indiana has an estimated 187,000 dairy cows.
  • 96 percent of farms are family-owned or operated.
  • In 2019 Indiana farmers planted 950,000 acres of cover crops.
  • Through the Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program program Hoosier landowners planted 329,760 trees in 2020.

Sources: USDA NASS; Economic Research Service; Indiana Business Research Center, Kelley School of Business, Indiana University; National Woodland Owners Survey, ISDA

Top 5 National Rankings

  • No. 1 in commercial duck production, hardwood veneer, wood office furniture and wood kitchen cabinet manufacturing.
  • No. 2 in popcorn production, ice cream production, tomatoes (processed), total eggs produced and wood kitchen cabinets and countertops. 
  • No. 3 in spearmint, tomatoes (all), engineered wood products and cropland planted with a cover crop.
  • No. 4 in pumpkins, peppermint, pre-fabricated wood buildings and turkeys raised.
  • No. 5 in corn (for grain), soybeans, watermelon, upholstered household furniture and hog production.

Source: USDA NASS

Top 5 commodities (by value of sales)

  • Corn: $3.28 billion
  • Soybeans: $3.08 billion
  • Meat animals: $1.62 billion
  • Poultry and eggs: $1.18 billion
  • Dairy: $750 million

These five commodity groups accounted for almost 93 percent of the 2017 cash receipts. Source: USDA NASS

Top 5 agricultural exports

  • Soybeans: $1.6 billion
  • Corn: $636 million
  • Feeds and other feed grains: $501 million
  • Pork: $377 million
  • Soybean meal: $295 million

Source: USDA Economic Research Service

Rural Indiana Stats

  • The Indiana State Department of Agriculture partnered with Purdue University and the Indiana Office of Community and Rural Affairs to develop an online mapping tool to identify a variety of data, such as, housing, fiscal, socio-economic and agriculture and forestry. Rural Indiana Stats is designed to provide individuals, leaders, organizations and agencies with access to a basic set of data that can used to guide and inform their program and investment activities. While the site is not intended to provide a full array of data items available at the county level, it is designed to offer users ready access to a core set of statistical data on Indiana’s 92 counties. These include information on the socioeconomic, housing, and the fiscal attributes of each county. An added benefit of the site is the typologies that are available to determine the geographic classification of Indiana’s 92 counties, such as their metropolitan or nonmetropolitan status. To learn more click here or visit pcrd.purdue.edu/ruralindianastats/.