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About Indiana Agriculture

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  • Current: About Indiana Agriculture

By the numbers

  • Agriculture contributes an estimated $35.1 billion to Indiana’s economy. 3
  • Indiana is the eighth largest agricultural exporter in the nation, exporting just over $6.6 billion in 2021. 2
  • The value of unprocessed agricultural commodities sold was $11.1 billion in 2017. 1
  • The Indiana hardwoods industry has an annual economic impact of over $10 billion. 4
  • There are FFA chapters in 90 of the 92 counties in Indiana. 6
  • Indiana has 56,649 farming operations, with an average farm size of 264 acres. 1
  • There are more than 7.3 million turkeys in Indiana.1
  • Indiana is the eight largest farming state in the nation. 1
  • There are just over 94,000 farmers in Indiana. 1
  • The average age of an Indiana farmer is 55.5 years old.
  • Indiana's farmers cultivated nearly 15 million acres of farmland in 2017. 1
  • More than 80 percent of land in Indiana is devoted to farms, forests and woodland.
  • Approximately 162,000 private landowners own approximately 77% of the timberland in Indiana. In 2018, 3.6 million acres of timberland was classified as "private" ownership. 4
  • Hoosier forests offer a sustainable and natural raw material for manufactures. On average, Indiana's forests are growing in volume more than 1.8 times the amount being removed. 4
  • Indiana’s hardwood industry supports 70,000 jobs -- 44,000 in primary and secondary manufacturing and 26,000 in ancillary sectors. 4
  • There are more than 4 million hogs in Indiana. 1
  • Indiana has an estimated 189,000 dairy cows. 1
  • 95 percent of farms are family-owned or operated. 1
  • In 2021 Indiana farmers planted 1.5 million acres of living or overwintering covers (like cover crops). 6
  • Through the Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program Hoosier landowners planted 73,416 trees in 2022. 6

Sources: USDA NASS 1; USDA Economic Research Service 2; Indiana Business Research Center, Kelley School of Business, Indiana University 3; Forest Inventory and Analysis Data 2019 4, Indiana DNR 5, ISDA 6

Top 5 National Rankings

  • No. 1 in commercial duck production, hardwood veneer and wood office furniture.
  • No. 2 in popcorn production, tomatoes (processed), total eggs produced and wood kitchen cabinets and countertops. 
  • No. 3 in spearmint, tomatoes (all), engineered wood products and cropland planted with a cover crop.
  • No. 4 in pumpkins, peppermint, pre-fabricated wood buildings and turkeys raised.
  • No. 5 in corn (for grain), soybeans, watermelon, upholstered household furniture and hog production.


Top 5 commodities (by value of sales)

  • Corn: $3.28 billion
  • Soybeans: $3.08 billion
  • Meat animals: $1.62 billion
  • Poultry and eggs: $1.18 billion
  • Dairy: $750 million

These five commodity groups accounted for almost 93 percent of the 2017 cash receipts. Source: USDA NASS

Top 5 agricultural exports in 2021

  • Soybeans: $2.6 billion
  • Corn: $1.3 billion
  • Feeds and other feed grains: $717 million
  • Soybean meal: $457 million
  • Pork: $454 million

Source: USDA Economic Research Service

Rural Indiana Stats

  • The Indiana State Department of Agriculture partnered with Purdue University and the Indiana Office of Community and Rural Affairs to develop an online mapping tool to identify a variety of data, such as, housing, fiscal, socio-economic and agriculture and forestry. Rural Indiana Stats is designed to provide individuals, leaders, organizations and agencies with access to a basic set of data that can used to guide and inform their program and investment activities. While the site is not intended to provide a full array of data items available at the county level, it is designed to offer users ready access to a core set of statistical data on Indiana’s 92 counties. These include information on the socioeconomic, housing, and the fiscal attributes of each county. An added benefit of the site is the typologies that are available to determine the geographic classification of Indiana’s 92 counties, such as their metropolitan or nonmetropolitan status. To learn more click here or visit

Download an Indiana Agriculture Infographic here.

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