About Indiana Agriculture
By the numbers
- Agriculture contributes an estimated $31.2 billion to Indiana’s economy.
- Indiana is the eighth largest agricultural exporter in the nation, exporting just over $4.6 billion in 2017.
- The value of unprocessed agricultural commodities sold was $10.6 billion in 2017.
- Indiana has 56,800 farming operations, with an average farm size of 259 acres.
- There are more than 20.5 million turkeys in Indiana.
- Indiana is the tenth largest farming state in the nation.
- Agriculture in Indiana supports more than 107,000 Hoosier jobs.
- Indiana's farmers cultivated 14.7 million acres of farmland in 2017.
- More than 80 percent of land in Indiana is devoted to farms, forests and woodland.
- Indiana farmers planted 970,000 acres of cover crops in 2017, which is the second highest in the nation.
- There are more than 4.2 million hogs in Indiana.
- Indiana has an estimated 181,000 dairy cows.
- In Indiana, 97 percent of farms are family-owned or operated.
Sources: USDA NASS; Economic Research Service; Indiana Business Research Center, Kelley School of Business, Indiana University; ISDA
Top 5 National Rankings
- No. 1 in commercial duck production, wood office furniture and wood kitchen cabinet manufacturing.
- No. 2 in popcorn production, ice cream production, chickens, total eggs produced and cropland planted with a cover crop.
- No. 3 in spearmint and tomatoes (all).
- No. 4 in pumpkins, peppermint and turkeys raised.
- No. 5 in corn (for grain), soybeans, watermelon and hog production.
Source: USDA NASS
Top five commodities (by value of sales)
- Corn: $3.28 billion
- Soybeans: $3.08 billion
- Meat animals: $1.62 billion
- Poultry and eggs: $1.18 billion
- Dairy: $750 million
These five commodity groups accounted for almost 93 percent of the 2017 cash receipts. Source: USDA NASS
Top 5 agricultural exports
- Soybeans: $1.6 billion
- Corn: $636 million
- Feeds and other feed grains: $501 million
- Pork: $377 million
- Soybean meal: $295 million
Source: USDA Economic Research Service