About Indiana Agriculture

By the numbers

  • Agriculture contributes an estimated $31.2 billion to Indiana’s economy.
  • Indiana is the eighth largest agricultural exporter in the nation, exporting just over $4.6 billion in 2017.
  • The value of unprocessed agricultural commodities sold was $10.6 billion in 2017.
  • Indiana has 56,800 farming operations, with an average farm size of 259 acres.
  • There are more than 20.5 million turkeys in Indiana.
  • Indiana is the tenth largest farming state in the nation.
  • Agriculture in Indiana supports more than 107,000 Hoosier jobs.
  • Indiana's farmers cultivated 14.7 million acres of farmland in 2017.
  • More than 80 percent of land in Indiana is devoted to farms, forests and woodland.
  • Indiana farmers planted 970,000 acres of cover crops in 2017, which is the second highest in the nation.
  • There are more than 4.2 million hogs in Indiana.
  • Indiana has an estimated 181,000 dairy cows.
  • In Indiana, 97 percent of farms are family-owned or operated.

Sources: USDA NASS; Economic Research Service; Indiana Business Research Center, Kelley School of Business, Indiana University; ISDA

Top 5 National Rankings

  • No. 1 in commercial duck production, wood office furniture and wood kitchen cabinet manufacturing.
  • No. 2 in popcorn production, ice cream production, chickens, total eggs produced and cropland planted with a cover crop.
  • No. 3 in spearmint and tomatoes (all).
  • No. 4 in pumpkins, peppermint and turkeys raised.
  • No. 5 in corn (for grain), soybeans, watermelon and hog production.

Source: USDA NASS

Top five commodities (by value of sales)

  • Corn: $3.28 billion
  • Soybeans: $3.08 billion
  • Meat animals: $1.62 billion
  • Poultry and eggs: $1.18 billion
  • Dairy: $750 million

These five commodity groups accounted for almost 93 percent of the 2017 cash receipts. Source: USDA NASS

Top 5 agricultural exports

  • Soybeans: $1.6 billion
  • Corn: $636 million
  • Feeds and other feed grains: $501 million
  • Pork: $377 million
  • Soybean meal: $295 million

Source: USDA Economic Research Service