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Southern Leopard Frog

Southern Leopard FrogDescription

2-3 ½” (5.1-9cm). Dark rounded spots on back rarely have white margins, and are usually smaller than the eye. Light spot on external eardrum. No dark spot on snout. Head is narrow and pointier than northern leopard frog. Green, brown, or a mix of the two. Dorsolateral ridge extends from eye down back.

Call Description

Series of low pitched, throaty, guttural notes that are chuckle-like. Last 2-3 seconds or an explosive croak.

Indiana Range

West-central and southern Indiana.


Insects, earthworms, spiders, centipedes, snails, beetles, and smaller frogs.


Broad array of areas including, floodplain swamps, woodland ponds, sloughs, marshes, wet meadows, and streams.

Breeding Habitat

Marshes, wetlands, fishless ponds, and roadside ditches.

Breeding Season

Early March to MaySouthern Leopard Frog


Females may deposit 3,000-5,000 eggs in globular clusters. Usually laid in shallow water and attached to submerged vegetation a few inches below the surface of the water. Hatch in 1-2 weeks.


Olive brown to green with dark spots. Belly iridescent with visible internal organs. Tail lighter than body, transparent tail fins with dark lines.

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