Betty Barteau was born in Boonville, Warrick County, Indiana. She attended Indiana University Law School at Indianapolis, graduating with an L.L.B. in 1965. She was admitted to the Indiana Bar that same year. She served as Boonville City Judge, Deputy Prosecutor in Spencer and Warrick Counties, and Warrick County Attorney. She had a general law practice in Marion County from 1969 to 1974, before becoming a Marion County Superior Court Judge in 1975.
Judge Barteau served as a judge on the Court of Appeals of Indiana from January 1991 to April 1998. She left the court to assume the director position for the Russian American Judicial Partnership, a USAID program based in Moscow. She served in that position until 2003.
Judge Barteau has held memberships in various professional and community organizations and has received numerous awards and recognitions for her work in both areas.
Journal, Order of Coif, 1965. Indianapolis, Indiana State and American Bar Associations. National Association of Women Judges, Director 1979-81, 1989-91, University of Virginia, LL.M., 1995. Indiana University - Indianapolis, LL.B., Law Association of Family and Conciliation Courts, President 1980. National Judicial College Faculty, since 1978, Griswold Award for Teaching Excellence, 1993. Marion Superior Court Judge 1975-90; Indiana Employment Security Review Board 1970-72; private practice Warrick County 1965-69, Marion County 1969-74. Director of the Russian American Judicial Partnership, a USAID program based in Moscow, 1998-2003.
At the request of the Chief Judge of the Court of Appeals, she serves as a Senior Judge.