Indiana by the Numbers
About the Data
The maps show the estimated rate of opioid prescriptions per 100 population for the selected year. Rates for the state and counties are based on the pharmacy location where the opioid was dispensed. Counties with a higher rate have a darker color.
Prescription data presented in the maps comes from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website, and is based on retail pharmacy sample data from the QuintilesIMS Transactional Data Warehouse. Population estimates used to determine the rate per 100 population come from the U.S. Census Bureau’s Population Estimates Program.
https://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/maps/rxrate-maps.html for more details.
According to this data, opioid prescription rates in Indiana rose from 103 per 100 population in 2008 to a peak of 112 per 100 population in 2012. They have been dropping since 2012, with a rate of 84 prescriptions per 100 population in 2016.
The maps show the rate of opioid poisoning deaths per 100,000 population for the selected year for the state of Indiana and its 92 counties. Deaths are shown according to the county where they occurred.
The line graph shows the count of drug poisoning deaths by year, grouped by the following categories:
- Heroin (Only) — Heroin was the only opioid included in the contributing cause of death
- Synthetic Opioid (Only) — Synthetic opioids such as Fentanyl, Tramadol, Meperidine, or Propoxyphene were the only opioids included in the contributing cause of death
- Other or Unspecified Opioid (Only) — Other or unspecified opioids such as Codeine, Hydrocodone, Hydromorphone, Methadone, Morphine, Opium, Oxycodone, or Oxymorphone were the only opioids included in the contributing cause of death
- Opioid (Multiple) — More than one opioid category was included in the contributing cause of death
Death record information comes from the Indiana Death Registration System (IDRS), managed by the Indiana State Department of Health (ISDH) Vital Records division. Data was analyzed and prepared by the Management and Performance Hub (MPH). The ISDH reports surveillance data for drug overdose deaths and opioid drug deaths according to the CDC’s opioid overdose standards to allow for comparison across states. For official ISDH reporting information, refer to https://gis.in.gov/apps/isdh/meta/stats_layers.htm and http://www.in.gov/isdh/27393.htm. For CDC reporting information, refer to https://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/data/statedeaths.html.
- Data for 2016 is provisional and subject to change.
- Deaths are classified using the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Drug poisoning deaths have ICD-10 underlying cause of death codes of X40 through X44 (unintentional), X60 through X64 (suicide), X85 (homicide), or Y10 through Y14 (undetermined intent). Opioid-related deaths include an ICD-10 contributing cause of death of T40.0 (Opium), T40.1 (Heroin), T40.2 (Other opioid), T40.3 (Methadone), T40.4 (Other synthetic opioids), or T40.6 (Other unspecified opioids).
Deaths involving more than one of these opioid categories were included in the “Opioid (Multiple)” group.
- Many drug poisoning death records do not contain an ICD-10 contributing cause of death code to indicate the specific type(s) of drug involved; deaths by drug type are undercounted as a result.
- Rates based on less than 20 deaths are considered unstable and should be interpreted with caution.
- Deaths are shown according to the county where they occurred, so Indiana residents that died outside of Indiana are not included and non-Indiana residents that died within Indiana are included.
- Population values used to determine the rate per 100,000 population come from the U.S. Census Bureau (2010).
Opioid-related death rates have risen from 4.5 per 100,000 population in 2008, to 11.7 per 100,000 in 2016. Drug deaths related to heroin have increased sharply beginning in 2011, and for synthetic opioids beginning in 2015.
Data were analyzed and prepared by the Management and Performance Hub (MPH).