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Glossary

Anti-racist

Someone who is supporting an anti-racist policy through their actions or expressing anti-racist ideas. This includes the expression of ideas that racial groups are equals and do not need development and the support of policies that reduce racial inequity.

BIPOC

An acronym for Black, Indigenous, People of Color. It is meant to unite all people of color, while intentionally acknowledging that Black and Indigenous people experience worse consequences of discrimination, racism, classism, and colonization.

Discrimination

Treating someone more or less favorably based on the group, class, or category they belong to results from biases, prejudices, and stereotyping. It can manifest as differences in care, clinical communication, and shared decision-making.

Health Disparity

A particular type of health difference is closely linked with social or economic disadvantage. Health disparities adversely affect groups of people who have systematically experienced greater social or economic obstacles to health based on their: racial or ethnic group; religion; socioeconomic status; gender; mental health; cognitive, sensory, o physical disability; sexual orientation; geographic location; or other characteristics historically linked to discrimination or exclusion.

Health Equity

Attainment of the highest level of health for ALL people.

Health Inequity

The uneven distribution of social and economic resources impacts an individual's health.

Interpersonal Racism

Discriminatory interactions between individuals resulting in different assumptions about abilities, motives, and intentions of others and different actions toward others based on their race. Interpersonal racism can be conscious as well as unconscious, and it includes acts of commission and acts of omission. It manifests as a lack of respect, suspicion, devaluation, scapegoating, and dehumanization.

Obstetric Violence

The physical, sexual, and/or verbal abuse, bullying, coercion, humiliation, and/or assault that occurs to laboring and birthing people by medical staff, including nurses, doctors, and midwives.

Racism

A system of structuring opportunity and assigning value based on the social interpretation of how one looks ( which is what we call "race"), that unfairly disadvantages some individuals and communities, unfairly advantaged other individuals and communities, and saps the strength of the whole society through the waste of human resources.

Social Determinants of Health

The conditions in the environments in which people are born, live, learn, work, play, worship, and age affect a wide range of health, functioning, and quality-of-life outcomes and risks.

Structural Racism

The normalization and legitimization of an array of dynamics - historical, cultural, institutional, and interpersonal - that routinely advantage Whites, while producing cumulative and chronic adverse outcomes for people of color. Structural racism encompasses the entire system of white domination, diffused and infused in all aspects of society including its history, culture, politics, economics, and entire social fabric.