Frederick Haldiman

Frederick Haldimand

Manuscripts & Rare Books Division
Indiana State Library

Finding Aid by: Edythe Huffman, July 2013


Biographical Note:

Sir Frederick Haldimand was born Aug. 11, 1718 in Yverdon, Switzerland (baptized Francois-Louis-Frederic).  He joined the Prussian Army in 1740 with a commissioned rank.  He later joined the Swiss Guards in the Dutch army.  In March of 1756 he joined the British army, the Royal Americans regiment (which was formed to serve only in North America), with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, later promoted to colonel in 1758.  He became second in command to Gage, the military governor of the District of Montreal.  He was promoted to full colonel in 1762. In 1765 he was promoted to brigadier general and served as brigadier of the Southern Department, headquartered in Pensacola, FL, until 1773.  In 1775, he was promoted, first to colonel commandant, then major-general.  In Nov. 1774, he was appointed commander of the army at Boston.  Politics (mostly due to his being of foreign birth) were responsible for his being removed from command in the British Army, and he was appointed in Sept. 1775 to the sinecure of inspector general of the forces in the West Indies.  In 1777 he was recommended by Lord George Germain, secretary of state for the American Colonies, as the new governor (and military commander) of Quebec.  He was in England at the time, and due to bad weather, he arrived in Quebec June 26, 1778.  His objectives were to hold on to the province of Quebec, maintain its territorial integrity, expel any external attack, and repress any internal agitation.  His service to Britain (30 years, including his actions during the war), earned him a knighthood in the Order of the Bath in Sept. 1785.  He was very involved in working to assure the land rights of the Indian tribe allies and the loyalists who had taken refuge in Canada.  He was replaced as governor in 1786.  He died in Yverdon, Switzerland June 5, 1791.


Sutherland, Stuart R., J.”Haldimand, Sir Frederick”.  Dictionary of Canadian Biography.  © 2003-2013 University of Toronto/Université Laval.  July 15, 2013.
Scope and Content:

The collection consists of seven letters written from Lt. Governor Henry Hamilton to Lt. Governor Haldimand and one report by Capt. Chesne.

The letters detail military maneuvers, actions of various Indian tribes either with the English, French, Spanish or Rebels [Americans], results of battles or encounters with the Rebels and forts taken.  Many different Indian tribes are mentioned. The difficulty and expense of supplying the Indians and the English forces are discussed in numerous letters. The letters are written from the camps at petite riviere (Nov.1, 1778), Ouiattonon (12-4-1775), St. Vincennes (12-18-1778 – 1-30-1779), 

Photocopy Policy:

Manuscript material CANNOT be photocopied or digitized in its entirety. Photocopies and/or digital reproductions (i.e. scans, digital photographs) cannot exceed 25% of a COLLECTION or FOLDER within a collection. In some cases, photocopying may not be permitted due to the condition of the item. Please check with the Manuscript Librarian for possible alternatives.

Collection Inventory

Folder and Item Listing:

Folder 1. 

11-1-1778 Henry Hamilton to Frederick Haldimand, typed transcription from microfilm
12-4-1778 Henry Hamilton to Frederick Haldimand, typed transcription from microfilm
12-18-1778 Henry Hamilton to Frederick Haldimand, typed transcription from microfilm
12-30-1778 Henry Hamilton to Frederick Haldimand, typed transcription from microfilm
1-13-1779 Henry Hamilton to Frederick Haldimand, typed transcription from microfilm
1-24-1779 Henry Hamilton to Frederick Haldimand, typed transcription from microfilm
1-20-1779 Henry Hamilton to Frederick Haldimand, typed transcription from microfilm
2-1779? Account from Post St. Vincent by Capt. Chesne

Collection Information:

Size of Collection: 1folder
Collection Dates: 1778-1779
Provenance:  Unknown
Access: The Collection is Open for Research Use
Restrictions:  None
Reproduction Rights: Permission to reproduce, exhibit, or publish material in this collection must be obtained from the Manuscript and Rare Books Division, Indiana State Library.
Language: Materials are entirely in: English
Alternate Formats: None
Related Holdings: The Makers of Canada 1909-1911. ISLM F1026 .M32 v.1;
Documents relating to the French settlements on the Wabash 1894.  ISLG Microfiche LH8209
Collection Notes: None

MA BA 8-2-2013