John Gibson Collection
Manuscripts & Rare Books Division
Indiana State Library
Finding Aid by: Erica Sgroi, April 2013
Biographical Note or Organizational History:
John Gibson was born May 23, 1749 in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. He served under General Forbes during an expedition against Fort DuQuesne, on the present sight of Pittsburgh. Afterwards, he remained there to trade with the Native Americans. In 1763, he was captured by Native Americans and spent some time with them, learning their customs and acquiring several languages. At the outbreak of the Revolutionary War, he took command of a Virginia regiment. Following the war, he returned to Pittsburgh. Gibson served as a member of the Pennsylvania Constitutional Convention; a Major General of the militia; and as an associate judge. In 1800, he was appointed secretary of the Indiana Territory, a post he held until Indiana became a state in 1816. During the War of 1812, Gibson became Acting Governor of the Indiana Territory while William Henry Harrison was engaged in battle. He was forced to retire from public office in 1816 due to an incurable cataract. He died on April 16, 1822, in Vincennes, Indiana.
Cumback, Will and J. B. Maynard, eds. Men of Progress. Indiana. A Selected List of Biographical Sketches and Portraits of the Leaders in Business, Professional and Official Life. Indianapolis: The Indianapolis Sentinel Company, 1899.
Scope and Content:
The collection consists of seven letters, written to John Gibson about various issues in Vincennes, including territory issues and one letter about the incorporation of Vincennes.
Manuscript material CANNOT be photocopied or digitized in its entirety. Photocopies and/or digital reproductions (i.e. scans, digital photographs) cannot exceed 25% of a COLLECTION or FOLDER within a collection. In some cases, photocopying may not be permitted due to the condition of the item. Please check with the Manuscript Librarian for possible alternatives.
Folder and Item Listing:
Folder 1. John Gibson Letters
8-17-1812 Letter to John Gibson from Thomas Wingate,
9-3-1812 Letter to Gibson from Thomas Wingate
9-6-1812 Letter to Gibson from Philip Barbour
9-25-1812 Letter to Gibson from Mr. McIntosh
11-18-1812 Letter to Gibson from Thomas L. Butler
4-1-1813 Letter to Gibson from James Scott (Territorial Judge)
2-3-1816 Letter to Gibson from unidentified recipient
Size of Collection: 1 folder, 7 items
Collection Dates: 1812-1816
Provenance: Indiana State Library - Scrapbook, 9-9-1932
Access: The Collection is Open for Research Use
Reproduction Rights: Permission to reproduce, exhibit, or publish material in this collection must be obtained from the Manuscripts and Rare Books Division, Indiana State Library.
Language: Materials are entirely in: English
MA BA 6-13-2013