American Fur Company Papers

American Fur Company Papers
L 184
2 mss boxes
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Processed by: Jennifer Duplaga, March 2005

Organizational History:

John Jacob Astor founded the American Fur Company in 1808.  In 1816, he won a court battle that made it illegal for non-U.S. citizens to receive a trading license.  This ruling devastated British dominance of the fur trade in America.  As the company grew, it set up trading posts all over the country.  It expanded its operation be beginning to trade in other commodities, such as sugar, lead, and flour.  In 1834, Astor quit his position as head of the company.  The American Fur Company was incorporated in New York, where Ramsay Crooks was installed as the CEO.  1847, a time of increasing competition and decreasing demand, marked the eventual downfall of the company.  The New York Historical Society purchased the papers of the American Fur Company on February 16, 1863.

Scope and Content Note:

This collection contains a listing and description of items regarding the American Fur Company papers held at the New York Historical Society.  Each item is listed chronologically and contains a brief description.  Invoices and other non-correspondence are listed separately.  Also included in the collection is an index and photo static copies of correspondence and letter book entries.  Subjects discussed in the correspondence include Indian policies, travel, politics, education, religion, settlement of the West, etc.

Box and Folder Listing:

Box 1.

1.  Part I, 1831-2 Jan. 1836
2.  Part I, 2 Jan. 1836-4 Jan. 1837
3.  Part I, 4 Jan. 1837-2 Jan. 1838
4.  Part I, Vol. 2, 1838
5.  Part I, Vol. 2. 1839
6.  Part I, Vol. 3, 1840
7.  Part I, Vol. 3, 1841
8.  Part I, Vol. 3, 1842
Box 2.

1.  Part I, Vol. 4, 1843-1844
2.  Part I,  Vol. 4, 1845-1849
3. Part II, Vol. 4, Miscellaneous
4. Part II, Vol. 4, Invoices, 1834-1849
5. Vol. 5, Index
6. Vol. 5, Index
7. Papers, 1834-1835
8. Papers, 1840-1842
9. Letters from letter book, 1835-1840

Collection Information:

Size of Collection: 2 mss boxes
Collection Dates: 1831-1849
Provenance: Unknown
Restrictions: None
Reproduction Rights: Permission to reproduce, exhibit, or publish material in this collection must be obtained from the Manuscript Section, Indiana State Library.
Alternate formats: None
Related Holdings: None
Notes: None

Photocopying Policy:

Manuscript materials CANNOT be photocopied or digitized in their entirety. Photocopies and/or digital images cannot exceed 25% of a collection or a folder within a collection. In some cases, photocopying may not be permitted due to the condition of the item. Check with a Manuscript Librarian for other options.