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This Week's Facts:

-September 15 to October 15 is National Hispanic Heritage Month

-Online Resources Honor Latinos' Contributions to American Culture

-State Initiatives Encourage Physical Activity, Promote Healthy Lifestyles

September is National Cholesterol Education Month

What is your HDL or LDL level? If you don’t know, it may be time to get a cholesterol screening. September is National Cholesterol Education Month – a chance to learn about cholesterol and how to manage or reduce the ‘bad’ kind.

Too much cholesterol in the blood is one of the main risk factors for heart disease and stroke - two leading causes of death in the United States. One way to prevent these diseases is to detect high cholesterol and treat it when it’s found. When you have too much cholesterol in your blood, it can build up on the walls of your arteries and form blockages. This can lead to heart disease, heart attack, and stroke.

There are two kinds of cholesterol: high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL). HDL is considered ‘good’ cholesterol and LDL is ‘bad’ cholesterol. When doctors and health professionals say your cholesterol is high they’re talking about the ‘bad’ LDL cholesterol. Nearly 71 million American adults have high cholesterol, but only one-third of them have their high cholesterol under control.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention tips on how to treat and manage cholesterol and other resources to learn more about how to avoid high cholesterol. You can also get information and resources through the Million Hearts initiative to prevent heart attacks and strokes. Additional resources and information can be shared with family members, friends, and the community from the National Cholesterol Education Program, which is part of the U.S. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Managing your cholesterol can be a challenge, but can ultimately save your life.

Friday Facts Editorial Team:

Katharine Springer
State Data Center Coordinator

Kim Brown-Harden
State Documents Coordinator

Indiana Federal Depository Library Program

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September 15 to October 15 is National Hispanic Heritage Month

Hispanic Heritage MonthHispanic Heritage MonthIn September 1968, Congress authorized President Lyndon B. Johnson to proclaim National Hispanic Heritage Week, observed during the week that included Sept. 15 and Sept. 16. The observance was expanded in 1989 by Congress to a month long celebration (Sept. 15 – Oct. 15), America celebrates the culture and traditions of those who trace their roots to Spain, Mexico and the Spanish-speaking nations of Central America, South America and the Caribbean.

September 15 was chosen as the starting point for the celebration because it is the anniversary of independence of five Latin American countries: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. In addition, Mexico and Chile celebrate their independence days on Sept. 16 and Sept. 18, respectively.  

Hispanic American Facts:

  • The Hispanic population of the United States reached 53 million as of July 1, 2012, making people of Hispanic origin the nation’s largest ethnic or racial minority. Hispanics constituted 17 percent of the nation’s total population. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 Population Estimates Program
  • The projected Hispanic population of the United States in 2060 is 128.8 million. According to this projection, the Hispanic population will constitute 31 percent of the nation’s population by that date. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Projections Program
  • Sixty-five percent of Hispanic-origin people in the United States were of Mexican background in 2011. Another 9.4 percent were of Puerto Rican background, 3.8 percent Salvadoran, 3.6 percent Cuban, 3.0 percent Dominican and 2.3 percent Guatemalan. The remainder was of Central American, South American, or other Hispanic/Latino origin. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 American Community Survey: Table B03001
  • Eight states had a population of 1 million or more Hispanic residents in 2012 — Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Illinois, New Jersey, New York and Texas. More than 50% of the total Hispanic population lived in California (14.5 million), Florida , and Texas. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 Population Estimates
  • 1.2 million people 18 and older of Hispanics or Latino heritage are veterans of the U.S. armed forces. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 American Community Survey: Table B21001I
  • Receipts generated by Hispanic-owned businesses in the U.S. in 2007 totaled $350.7 billion, up 58.0 percent from 2002. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Economic Census. Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, and Race for the U.S., States, Metro Areas, Counties, and Places: 2007, Table SB0700CSA01. Data for 2012 are currently being collected.

Online Resources Honor Latinos' Contributions to American Culture

Hispanic Heritage MonthThe National Archives and Records Administration, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the National Park Service, the Smithsonian Institution, and other federal agencies pay tribute to generations of Hispanic Americans who have enriched and influenced the nation and society via the Hispanic Heritage Month website. The Library of Congress has images, audio/video collections, and a Hispanic Reading Room that present unique perspectives on Hispanic culture and history in the U.S

The Hispanic/Latino population in the United States is growing consistently and adding to America’s cultural landscape. The United States has always held a collection of many cultures. Remember to celebrate what makes each of us special and unique. Check out your community for programs or create your own!

State Initiatives Encourage Physical Activity, Promote Healthy Lifestyles

InShape IndianaIndiana’s Healthy Weight Initiative Program lets you learn how to attain and maintain your healthiest self.  Download the Indiana Obesity Plan (PDF) and find out how the Indiana State Board of Health is promoting Indiana’s Comprehensive Nutrition and Physical Activity Plan, 2010-2020.  Over the next decade, the purpose of the plan is to address poor nutrition, sedentary behaviors, and obesity by encouraging residents of all ages to eat healthier and take time for physical activities such as walking or biking.  The participation of all communities and organizations is encouraged, from daycares to schools to churches to small businesses and beyond. 

Watch videos on InShape Indiana for tips on these topics:

  • Staying Healthy by Cooking at Home - Prepare a healthy meal with just a few ingredients in a few minutes.
  • Staying Healthy with the Support of Friends - Find time to exercise and make positive lifestyle changes.
  • Staying Healthy in the Workplace - Eat better and move more during the workday.
  • Staying Healthy in the Grocery Store – Receive shopping advice from a physician and trained chef during a walkthrough of  grocery store.

See the Centers for Disease Control’s 2013 Statewide Indicator Report on Fruits and Vegetables to see how Indiana ranks nationally on nutrition.

September is also State Employee Health and Wellness Month, and Indiana’s Invest In Your Health website provides medical, fitness, financial, and nutrition tips, plus resources for wellbeing.  There will be a health fair for Indiana State employees, organized by SPD, on Monday, Sept. 9 from 7:30 a.m. to 3 p.m. in Conference Room B and the Atrium of IGC-South. The event features a variety of screenings and services that are FREE to state employees including Total Cholesterol/HDL Ratio, Blood Glucose, Bone Density Scanning, Blood Pressure, and Vision Tests.

PsyllidsImage Description: Entomologists from the U.S. Department of Agriculture inspect orange trees for Asian citrus psyllids that have been killed by introduction of the beneficial fungus Hirsutella citriformis. The psyllids are insects that spread a disease that has devastated citrus crops, causing $3.6 billion in damage in Florida since 2006. Learn about efforts to save crops with beneficial fungus. (Photo by Stephen Ausmus, USDA.)


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