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Friday Facts: Government Information You Can Use

This Week's Facts:

  1. Government Information You Can Use to Beat Summer Heat

  2. Online Resources Supply Sports Injury Prevention & Treatment Tips

  3. Today Celebrate Anniversary of Americans with Disabilities Act

CDC Tracking Cyclosporiasis
Outbreaks in the U.S.

As of this week, more than 270 cases of Cyclosporiasis have been found in nine states in the U.S. The Centers for Disease control provide an updated state-by-state map of the outbreaks here. The top three outbreak states are Iowa, Nebraska, and Texas. The CDC’s Cyclosporiasis, or Cyclospora Infection, website contains information on diagnosis, epidemiology & risk factors, treatment, and prevention. The Food and Drug Administration answers several important questions on its website, including What is the Problem and what is Being Done About It?, Who is at Risk?, and What do Consumers Need to Do?.

There are no reported cases in Indiana, however, you can contact your local Department of Health office for information about any risks.

Friday Facts Editorial Team:

Katharine Springer
State Data Center Coordinator

Kim Brown-Harden
Federal Documents Coordinator

Andrea Glenn
State Documents Coordinator

Indiana Federal Depository Library Program

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Government Information You Can Use to Beat Summer Heat’ve had some recent relief from extreme summer heat, but with August just around the corner, we are sure to experience more “Dog Days” of summer. According to Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary, the phrase “Dog Days” refers to the period between early July and early September when hot, humid weather envelopes the northern hemisphere. The phrase traces its origins further back to refer to “a period of stagnation or inactivity” associated with the first appearance of the Dog Star, Sirius, rising in the eastern horizon briefly before sunrise. For additional information on summertime astronomical events visit the U.S. Naval Observatory’s website.

In keeping with weather awareness, the Indiana Department of Homeland Security and EMS professionals issued a press release on July 17, reminding Hoosiers to be cautious outside and try to limit exposure to the heat.

According to the National Weather Service, heat causes more deaths in the United States per year than floods, lightning, tornadoes, and hurricanes. Heat-related illnesses can happen quickly and be deadly. The elderly, the very young, and those with respiratory conditions are most susceptible to serious heat-related illnesses.

Take frequent breaks during outdoor activities and drink plenty of fluids (nothing carbonated). When appropriate, check in regularly with family members and neighbors who may not have air conditioning. Never leave a child or pet in a parked car. The temperature inside a parked vehicle can rapidly rise to dangerous levels.

Symptoms of Heat-Related Illness:

  • Muscle cramps
  • Body temperature more than 102°F 
  • Flushed looking appearance 
  • Nausea and vomiting 
  • Weakness 
  • Fatigue 
  • Faint feeling 
  • Diarrhea 
  • Headaches 
  • Unresponsiveness Seizures

Someone suffering from heat-related illness should be moved to a cool place to rest and drink water or a sports drink (nothing carbonated). Cool, wet washcloths or ice packs will help with recovery. If there is no improvement, body temperature won’t go down, or the person won’t take fluids, go to the emergency room immediately or call 911.

For more extreme heat safety tips, visit

Online Resources Supply Sports Injury Prevention & Treatment Tips

Sports InjuriesAs we get closer to August and the start of school sports, chances are your patrons and families may have injuries to handle. Several federal and state agencies have made it easier to determine what to do when a child is hurt while playing sports.

The National Institutes of Health publishes an online guide with links to information about common and specific sport injuries and treatment methods, including the RICE method: Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation.

The CDC’s Protect the Ones You Love: Child Injuries are Preventable campaign provides sports injury tips including prevention, concussion resources, and ways to spread the word about protecting children.

The State Department of Health runs a Program called the Trauma System/Injury Prevention Program. A list of trauma centers around the state can be found here.

Today Celebrate Anniversary of Americans with Disabilities Act

Disability.govOn July 26, 1990, then-President George H.W. Bush signed the Americans with Disabilities Act. By signing this act into law, it provided civil rights protections to individuals with disabilities and guaranteed equal opportunity in public accommodations, employment, transportation, state and local government services, and telecommunications. Congress enacted the ADA in 1990 to “provide a clear and comprehensive national mandate for the elimination of discrimination against individuals with disabilities.”  The Act expanded protection and promoted inclusion, integration, and empowerment for citizens with disabilities. This month marks the 23rd anniversary of this important Act. has information by topic such as civil rights, employment, transportation, and technology for anyone who has a disability. You can also check out state and local celebrations to see how Indiana and other states are commemorating this important act.  

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