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This Week's Facts:

  1. Library of Congress Examines History of Mother's Day

  2. Women's Health Tips for Caring for Children with Disabilities

  3. IDEM Encourages Hoosiers to Raise Wetlands Awareness in May

  4. DNR Division Educates Homeowners on Plant & Pest Diseases

Mother's Day Fast Facts

4.1 million women between the ages of 15 and 50 gave birth in 2012. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey

The average age of women in 2012 when they gave birth for the first time was 25.8 years old, up from 25.6 years old in 2011. Source: National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics Reports

In 2010, 17% of all women age 15 to 44 had one child, 20% had two children, 10% had three, and about 5% had four or more. About 47% had no children. Source: Fertility of American Women: 2010

29.5% of mothers who gave birth 2012 held a Bachelor's degree or higher. Source: 2012 American Community Survey

62.1% of women age 16 to 50 who had a birth during 2012 were also in the labor force. Source: 2012 American Community Survey

For more facts, see the Census Bureau’s Mother’s Day Facts for Features page.

Celebrate Nurses this Week

Do you know someone who’s a nurse? Help celebrate their service with National Nurses Week, beginning May 6th and ending May 12th, which is Florence Nightingale’s birthday. In 1998, May 8 was designated as National Student Nurses Day by the American Nurses Association, to be celebrated annually. As of 2003, National School Nurses Day is celebrated on the Wednesday within National Nurses Week each year. The nursing profession has been supported and promoted by the American Nurses Association (ANA) since 1896. Each of ANA’s state and territorial nurses associations promote the profession at each state and regional level. Each establishes celebrations on these dates to recognize the contributions that nurses and nursing make to the community.

How did this week begin? In 1953, Dorothy Sutherland of the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare sent a proposal to President Eisenhower to proclaim a “Nurse Day” in October of the following year. The proclamation was never made. In 1954, National Nurse Week was observed October 11-16. That year marked the 100th anniversary of Florence Nightingale’s mission to Crimea. Representative Frances P. Bolton sponsored the bill for a nurse week. Apparently, a bill for a National Nurse Week was introduced in the 1955 Congress, but no action was taken. Congress discontinued its practice of joint resolutions for national weeks of various kinds. After years of state and individual celebrations, President Ronald Reagan signed a proclamation on March 25, 1982 proclaiming “National Recognition Day for Nurses to be May 6, 1982.” The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recognizes nurses with the #IAMANURSE social media campaign. Send tweets to or comment on HRSA’s Facebook page during Nurses Week. Remember to show appreciation and gratitude to those who provide care for many on the front lines of health care.

Friday Facts Editorial Team:

Katharine Springer
State Data Center Coordinator

Kim Brown-Harden
Federal Documents Coordinator

Andrea Glenn
State Documents Coordinator

Indiana Federal Depository Library Program

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Library of Congress Examines History of Mother's Day

Happy Mother's DayThere’s a video circulating around social media about a job that has unpredictable hours, no pay, and little fiscal benefit. There are several positions available. Applicants were told about this job and they were stunned that this was a real position. Guess what the job was? You guessed it… Moms! Mothers have been a long underappreciated and underpaid occupation. This Sunday in America people will be celebrating mothers in a number of ways: dinner, cards, phone calls, and breakfast in bed. Carnations have come to represent the day as they were distributed at one of the first commemorations honoring the mother of the founder of Mother’s Day.

Many people are aware of this holiday, but very few know how it began. President Woodrow Wilson issued a proclamation a century ago, on May 9, 1914 asking Americans to give a public expression of admiration and respect to mothers through the celebration of Mothers Day. Anna Jarvis, a Grafton West Virginia native, is credited with conceiving and launching the campaign that resulted in the creation of a national day honoring mothers in the United States. Legislative actions and annual Congressional proclamations documented in the Congressional Record praise her efforts to create a lasting commemoration to her mother, Anna Reeves Jarvis, as well as to all mothers, living and deceased.

After her mother’s death on May 9, 1905, Anna Jarvis was determined to fulfill her mother’s hope that a Memorial Mothers Day be established to recognize the important roles that mothers play in the family, church, and community. Anna Reeves Jarvis embodied the attributes of many nineteenth-century women who believed that mothers, and in fact all women, could be a powerful force in their communities. She delved into this ideal and created Mother’s Day Work Clubs that tackled local problems such as poor sanitary conditions and epidemic diseases. When the Civil War came to Grafton these clubs turned to nursing soldiers on both sides of the conflict and trying to stave off division in the community.

For more information on the history of Mother’s Day, please visit the Library of Congress American Memory page. Happy Mother’s Day this Sunday to all mothers - biological, adoptive, and those who serve in a mothering role. We salute you!

Women's Health Tips for Caring for Children with Disabilities

Office of Women's HealthIf you have a child with a disability, you are not alone. Millions of parents in the United States are raising children with disabilities. Many resources (including fellow parents) can help you along the way. Here are some tips for parents:

  • Learn as much as you can about your child's disability.
  • Find programs to help your child.
  • Talk to your family about how you're feeling.
  • Talk to other parents of children with disabilities.
  • Join a support group.
  • Stick to a daily routine.
  • Take it one day at a time.
  • Take good care of yourself.

An important quality that you will need to nurture in your child is called "self-determination." Children who develop this quality have a sense of control over their lives and can set goals and work to attain them. Self-determination is important for all children. But researchers have found that students with disabilities who also have high levels of self-determination are more likely to become adults who are:

  • Employed
  • Satisfied with their lives
  • Living independently, or with support, outside of their family homes

Here are some tips to help your child become self-determined:

  • As early as possible, give your child opportunities to make choices and encourage your child to express wants and wishes. For instance, these could be choices about what to wear, what to eat, and how much help with doing things your child wants from you.
  • Strike a balance between being protective and supporting risk-taking. Learn to let go a little and push your child out into the world, even though it may be a little scary.
  • Guide children toward solving their own problems and making their own choices. For instance, if your child has a problem at school, offer a listening ear and together brainstorm possible solutions. To the extent that your child can, let your child decide on the plan and the back-up plan.

For more information about available programs, services, and print & online publications, visit Parenting a child with a disability on

This information is brought to you as a service of the Office on Women’s Health of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

IDEM Encourages Hoosiers to Raise Wetlands Awareness in May

Hoosier RiverwatchWetlands are the vital link between land and water, where the flow of water, the cycling of nutrients, and the energy of the sun meet to produce highly productive ecosystems with unique plant and animal life. Wetlands may not be wet year-round. In fact, some of the most important wetlands are seasonally dry transition zones. They are among the most valuable, but often least understood, water resources. Read more in the May/June 2014 issue of the Hoosier Riverwatch Newsletter, Riffles & Pools.

More information on American Wetlands Month can be found here, through the Environmental Protection Agency. Information about Indiana wetlands can be found here, through IDEM and here through DNR.

The mission of Hoosier Riverwatch is to involve the citizens of Indiana in becoming active stewards of Indiana's water resources through watershed education and clean-up activities. Hoosier Riverwatch is sponsored by the Indiana Department of Environmental Management's Office of Water Quality. For more information, go to

This information is courtesy of the IDEM Office of Water Quality.

DNR Division Educates Homeowners on Plant & Pest Diseases

Division of Entomology & Plant PathologySpring weather has finally arrived, and so have pests common to Indiana yards and gardens. The Division of Entomology & Plant Pathology of the Indiana Department of Natural Resources website has information for home owners, nursery industry information, regulatory & scientific information, and apiary news & information including special notices about various plant diseases and exotic & invasive plants.

Pests of ongoing concern include: Asian Soybean Rust, Giant African Land Snails, Emerald Ash Borer, Sudden Oak Death, Gypsy Moth, Soybean Aphid, Purple Loosestrife, Common Pine Shoot Beetle, Asian Long-horned Beetle, and Granulated Ambrosia Beetle.

Get the latest news updates from the Division of Entomology and Plant Pathology in an e-mail newsletter format. Click here to subscribe.

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