Fungal meningitis is rare and usually the result of spread of a fungus through blood to the spinal cord. Although anyone can get fungal meningitis, people with weakened immune systems, like those with HIV infection or cancer, are at higher risk.
The most common cause of fungal meningitis for people with weakened immune systems is Cryptococcus. This disease is one of the most common causes of adult meningitis in Africa (Source: CDC).
In 2012, Indiana was involved in a multistate fungal meningitis outbreak that was connected to methylprednisolone acetate steroid injections. For more information see the links below.
2012 Outbreak Information
New England Journal of Medicine: Fungal Infections Associated with Contaminated Methylprednisolone Injections
New England Journal of Medicine: Clinical Findings for Fungal Infections Caused by Methylprednisolone Injections
Page last updated: July 22, 2019
Page last reviewed: July 22, 2019