410 IAC 5-9: Radiation Safety Requirements for Particle Accelerators
410 IAC 5-9-1 Scope of rule
Sec. 1. (a) 410 IAC 5-9 establishes procedures for the registration and the use of particle accelerators. Particle accelerations utilized only for medical applications are subject to all provisions of 410 IAC 5-9 with the exception of 410 IAC 5-9-8(a), 410 IAC 5-9-10(a), (c), and (d).
(b) In addition to the requirements of 410 IAC 5-9, all registrants (or licensees) are subject to the requirements of 410 IAC 5-1, 410 IAC 5-2, 410 IAC 5-4, and 410 IAC 5-10. Registrants engaged in industrial radiographic operations are subject to the requirements of 410 IAC 5-5 and registrants engaged in the healing arts are subject to the requirements of 410 IAC 5-6 and/or 410 IAC 5-7. Registrants engaged in the production of radioactive material are subject to the requirements of 410 IAC 5-3.
410 IAC 5-9-2 Registration required
Sec. 2. No person shall receive, use, transfer, own or acquire a particle accelerator except as authorized in a registration issued pursuant to 410 IAC 5-2.
410 IAC 5-9-2.5 Issuance of registration
Sec. 2.5. In addition to 410 IAC 5-2, a registration application for use of a particle accelerator will be approved only if the board determines that:
(a) The registrant is qualified by reason of training and experience to use the accelerator in question for the purpose requested in accordance with 410 IAC 5-9 and 410 IAC 5-4 and 410 IAC 5-10 in such a manner as to minimize danger to public health and safety or property.
(b) The registrant's proposed or existing equipment, facilities, operating and emergency procedures are adequate to protect health and minimize danger to public health and safety or property.
(c) The issuance of the registration will not be inimical to the health and safety of the public, and the registrant satisfies any applicable special requirement in 410 IAC 5-9-3.
(d) The registrant has appointed a radiation safety officer;
(e) The registrant and/or the applicant's staff has substantial experience in the use of particle accelerators and training sufficient for application to its intended uses.
(f) The registrant has established a radiation safety committee to approve, in advance, proposals for uses of particle accelerators, whenever deemed necessary by the board.
(g) The registrant has an adequate training program for operators of particle accelerators.
410 IAC 5-9-3 Human uses; special provisions for registration
Sec. 3. In addition to the requirements set forth in 410 IAC 5-2, a registration for use of a particle accelerator in the healing arts will be issued only if:
(a) Whenever deemed necessary by the board, the registrant has appointed a medical committee of at least three members to evaluate all proposals for research, diagnostic, and therapeutic use of a particle accelerator. Membership of the committee should include physicians expert in internal medicine, hematology, therapeutic radiology, and a person experienced in depth-dose calculations and protection against radiation;
(b) The individuals designated by the registrant as the users have substantial training and experience in deep therapy techniques or in the use of particle accelerators to treat humans; and
(c) The individual designated by the registrant as the user is a physician.
410 IAC 5-9-5 Limitations on operation; termination
Sec. 5. (a) No registrant shall permit any individual to act as an operator of a particle accelerator until such individual:
(1) Has been instructed in radiation safety and shall have demonstrated an understanding thereof;
(2) Has received copies of and instructions in 410 IAC 5-9 and, the applicable requirements of 410 IAC 5-4 and 410 IAC 5-10, and the registrant's operating and emergency procedures, and shall have demonstrated understanding thereof; and
(3) Has demonstrated competence to use the particle accelerator, related equipment, and survey instruments which will be employed.
(b) The radiation safety committee or the radiation safety officer shall have the authority to terminate the operations at a particle accelerator facility if such action is deemed necessary to protect health and minimize danger to public health and safety or property.
410 IAC 5-9-6 Installation consultant and survey; shielding
Sec. 6. (a) A qualified radiation or health physicist shall be consulted in the design of a particle accelerator installation and called upon to perform a radiation survey when the accelerator is first capable of producing radiation.
(b) Each particle accelerator installation shall be provided with such primary and/or secondary barriers as are necessary to assure compliance with 410 IAC 5-4-2 and 410 IAC 5-4-6.
410 IAC 5-9-7 Controls and interlock devices
Sec. 7. (a) Instrumentation, readouts, and controls on the particle accelerator control console shall be clearly identified and easily discernible.
(b) All entrances into a target room or other high radiation area shall be provided with a safety interlock that shuts down the machine under conditions of barrier penetration.
(c) Each safety interlock shall be on a circuit which shall allow it to operate independently of all other safety interlocks.
(d) All safety interlocks shall be designed so that any defect or component failure in the safety interlock system prevents operation of the accelerator.
(e) When a safety interlock system has been tripped, it shall only be possible to resume operation of the accelerator by manually resetting controls at the position where the safety interlock has been tripped, and lastly at the main control console.
(f) A scram button or other emergency power cutoff switch shall be located and easily identifiable in all high radiation areas. Such a cutoff switch shall include a manual reset so that the accelerator cannot be restarted from the accelerator control without resetting the cutoff switch.
410 IAC 5-9-8 Warning devices
Sec. 8. (a) Each location designated as a high radiation area, and each entrance to such location shall be equipped with easily observable warning lights that operate when, and only when, radiation is being produced.
(b) Except in facilities designed for human exposure, each high radiation area shall have an audible warning device which shall be activated for 15 seconds prior to the possible creation of such high radiation area. Such warning device shall be clearly discernible in all high radiation areas and adjacent radiation areas.
(c) Barriers, temporary or otherwise, and pathways leading to high radiation areas shall be identified in accordance with 410 IAC 5-4-11.
410 IAC 5-9-9 Operating and emergency procedures
Sec. 9. (a) Particle accelerators, when not in operation, shall be secured to prevent unauthorized use.
(b) The safety interlock system shall not be used to turn off the accelerator beam except in an emergency.
(c) All safety and warning devices, including interlocks, shall be checked for proper operation at intervals not to exceed three months. Results of such tests shall be maintained at the accelerator for inspection by the board.
(d) Electrical circuit diagrams of the accelerator and the associated safety interlock systems shall be kept current and maintained for inspection by the board and shall be available to the operator at each accelerator facility.
(e) If, for any reason, it is necessary to intentionally bypass a safety interlock or interlocks, such action shall be:
(1) Authorized by the radiation safety committee and/or radiation safety officer;
(2) Recorded in a permanent log and a notice posted at the accelerator control console; and
(3) Terminated as soon as possible.
(f) A copy of the current operating and the emergency procedures shall be maintained at the accelerator control panel.
410 IAC 5-9-10 Monitoring systems
Sec. 10. (a) There shall be available at each particle accelerator facility appropriate portable monitoring equipment which is operable and has been appropriately calibrated for the radiations being produced at the facility. Such equipment shall be tested for proper operation daily and calibrated at intervals not to exceed one year and after each servicing and repair.
(b) A radiation protection survey shall be performed and documented by, a qualified radiation or health physicist when changes have been made in shielding operation, equipment or occupancy of adjacent areas.
(c) Radiation levels in all high radiation areas shall be continuously monitored. The monitoring system shall be electrically independent of the accelerator control and safety interlock systems and capable of providing a readout at the control panel.
(d) All area monitors shall be calibrated at intervals not to exceed 1 year and after each servicing and repair.
(e) Whenever applicable, periodic surveys shall be made to determine the amount of airborne particulate radioactivity present.
(f) Whenever applicable, periodic smear surveys shall be made to determine the degree of contamination.
(g) All area surveys shall be made in accordance with the written procedures established by a qualified radiation or health physicist or the radiation safety officer.
(h) Records of all radiation protection surveys, calibrations and instrumentation tests shall be maintained at the accelerator facility for inspection by the board. 1.
410 IAC 5-9-11 Ventilation systems
Sec. 11. (a) Ventilation systems shall be provided to ensure that personnel entering any area where airborne radioactivity may be produced will not be exposed to airborne radioactive material in excess of those limits specified in 410 IAC 5-4-27, Table I.
(b) A registrant, as required by 410 IAC 5-4-7, shall not vent, release or otherwise discharge airborne radioactive material to an unrestricted area which exceeds the limits specified in 410 IAC 5-4-27, Table II, except as authorized pursuant to 410 IAC 5-4-17 or 410 IAC 5-4-7(b). For purposes of 410 IAC 5-9-11, concentrations may be averaged over a period not greater than one year. Every effort should be made to maintain releases of radioactive material to unrestricted areas as far below these limits as is reasonably achievable.