In the midst of World War II over 600 farm families relocated to central Indiana to start what would later become Camp Atterbury to train and support soldiers for their deployment. Over seventy years later, Camp Atterbury is still on the forefront training American personnel, from all branches, before their deployment overseas. After September 11, 2001 Camp Atterbury, once again, gained significant importance with the defense community.
The mission of Camp Atterbury is threefold, “To serve as a Forces Command Mobilization Station–it is the designated mobilization site for many units of the National Guard and U.S. Army Reserve, to serve as a premier training site for both individuals and units from all branches of service for both Reserve and Active Duty training and other special training events, and to serve as a training site for all Public Service organizations such as Department of Homeland Security, State and Local Police, and other first responders.” Camp Atterbury serves as, one of six Power Projection Platforms (PPP) for the mobilization of U.S. Army Reserve and Army National Guard units. It is Camp Atterbury's responsibility to coordinate and provide:
- medical and dental screening
- soldier‐readiness processing
- theater‐specific clothing and equipment
- theater‐specific individual readiness training
- weapon familiarization and qualification
- movement of personnel into the Area of Operation
Camp Atterbury is one of the nation’s largest and busiest centers for deploying both military members and government civilians. Both uniformed and non-uniformed personnel receive mandated, theater-specific training, before being deployed.
In the spring of 2010 Governor Mitch Daniels announced a proposed land exchange that would launch a $105 million expansion of Camp Atterbury. The plan would create approximately 750-800 military and 50 civilian full time jobs in south-central Indiana. According to RTV6, “The guard will use its newly acquired land to construct barracks and administrative facilities for its Camp Atterbury training operations in Johnson County, increasing its capacity from 4,000 to 7,000 soldiers.”