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Assessments

Assessments are utilized to determine specific criminal risk factors and needs. They may be used by courts, probation, community corrections, institutional facilities, and can be used to assist with determining pre-trial release, sentencing, supervision intensity, and treatment needed (i.e. cognitive behavioral, mental health, and substance abuse.)

 

“Assess Actuarial Risk/Needs” is the first of the 8 Principles of Effective Intervention (from National Institute of Corrections) and it provides a foundation for the other principles to build from. https://s3.amazonaws.com/static.nicic.gov/Library/019342.pdf

 

Risk Assessments

Indiana Risk Assessment System (IRAS) - Per Indiana Office of Court Services’ (IOCS) policy, these instruments are “used at specific points in the criminal justice process to identify an offender’s risk to reoffend and criminogenic needs.” IRAS Policies may be found here: https://www.in.gov/judiciary/iocs/files/prob-risk-iras-2012.pdf

  • Pre-Trial Assessment Tool (PAT) - Per IOCS policy, “This tool is designed to assess an offender’s risk for failure to appear and risk to reoffend while on pre-trial supervision.”
  • Community Supervision Screener (CSST) - Per IOCS policy, “This tool is designed to quickly identify low-risk offenders and determine if a full risk assessment should be completed.”
  • Community Supervision Tool (CST) - Per IOCS policy, “This tool is designed to assess an offender’s risk to reoffend and identify criminogenic needs to assist in making decisions regarding community supervision.”
  • Community Supervision Static Tool (ST) – Per IOCS policy, “This tool is designed to assess an offender’s risk to reoffend based solely on static factors.
    Indiana Youth Assessment System (IYAS) - Per Indiana Office of Court Services’ (IOCS) policy, these instruments are “used at specific points in the juvenile justice process to identify a youth’s risk to reoffend and criminogenic needs.” IRAS Policies may be found here: https://www.in.gov/judiciary/iocs/files/prob-risk-iyas-2011.pdf
  • Diversion Tool - Per IOCS policy, “It is a best practice to complete this tool at initial contact for the instant offense to assist in making diversion decisions.”
  • Detention Tool – Per IOCS policy, “It is best practice to complete this tool prior to detention to assist in making hold/release decisions. This tool can also assist in making decisions regarding releases from detention.”
  • Disposition Screener – Per IOCS policy, “This tool is designed to quickly identify low-risk youth and determine if a full risk assessment should be completed.”
  • Disposition Tool – Per IOCS policy, “This tool is designed to assess a youth’s risk to reoffend and identify criminogenic needs to assist in making decisions regarding post-adjudication supervision.”

 

 

 

 

 

Specialty Risk Assessments

Static 99 and Static 99R - Used for adult male sexual offenders who are at least 18 year of age at time of release to the community.

http://www.static99.org/

Ontario Domestic Assault Risk Assessment (ODARA) - “A procedure to identify the risk of future assaults against intimate partners.”

http://www.waypointcentre.ca/UserFiles/Servers/Server_9960/File/ODARA%20Fact%20sheet%20v0116.pdf

The Colorado Sex Offender Risk Scale (SORS) – A scale calibrated to measure risk ratios at 12 and 30 months.

https://cdpsdocs.state.co.us/ors/docs/Articles/The_Sex_Offender_Risk_Scale.pdf

The Rapid Risk Assessment for Sexual Offense Recidivism (RRARSOR) – A scale that assesses levels of risk for sexual recidivism for convicted sexual offenders.

http://criminal-justice.iresearchnet.com/forensic-psychology/rapid-risk-assessment-for-sexual-offense-recidivism-rrasor/

Impaired Driver Assessment (IDA) - A brief screening of conditions to discern the most appropriate level of DWI/AOD education and treatment during community supervision and intervention services.

https://one.nhtsa.gov/nhtsa/symposiums/october2015/index.html

 

Needs Assessments 

Criminal Attitudes & Behavioral Patterns

Criminal Cognition Scale (CCS) - Assessment administered to determine, Notions of Entitlement; Failure to Accept Responsibility; Short-Term Orientation; Insensitivity to Impact of Crime; and Negative Attitudes toward Authority.

Measures of Criminal Attitudes and Associates (MCAA) - This assessment evaluates criminal friends as well as attitude scales including anti-social intent, associates, entitlement, and violence.

https://www.academia.edu/21898541/The_Measures_of_Criminal_Attitudes_and_Associates_MCAA_Further_Testing_of_Structural_and_Criterion-Related_Validity

Texas Christian University – Criminal Thinking Scale (TCU-CTS)- Used to measure Entitlement, Justification, Power Orientation, Cold Heartedness, Criminal Rationalization, and Personal Irresponsibility.

https://ibr.tcu.edu/forms/tcu-criminal-thinking-scales

Pride in Delinquency (PID) – A self-report instrument to measure an individual’s degree of comfort (pride vs. shame) for engaging in certain criminal behaviors.

https://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?collection=journals&handle=hein.journals/crmjusbhv24&id=50&men_tab=srchresults

How I Think (HIT) – Measures the self-serving cognitive distortions/ thinking errors in categories of Self-Centered, Blaming Others, Minimizing/Mislabeling, and Assuming the Worst.

https://psycnet.apa.org/fulltext/2008-08628-006.html

 

 

 

 

Family

Parenting Stress Index – Evaluates the stress in the parent-child system based on parent and child characteristics and situational/demographic life stress.

https://www.parinc.com/Products/PKey/333

Dyadic Adjustment Scale – Measures romantic relationship quality.

http://myweb.facstaff.wwu.edu/~graham7/articles/DASRGfinal.pdf

Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale (FACES IV) – Evaluates the adaptability and cohesion dimensions in family interactions”.

https://www.statisticssolutions.com/family-adaptability-and-cohesion-scale-iv-faces-iv/

Family Environment ScaleExamines each family member’s perceptions of the family.

https://www.mindgarden.com/96-family-environment-scale

 

Substance Use

Addiction Severity Index (ASI) - Administered to individuals with potential substance abuse addictions where medical status, employment and support, drug use, alcohol use, legal status, family/social status, and psychiatric status are all addressed.

https://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/assessingalcohol/InstrumentPDFs/04_ASI.pdf

Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory (SASSI) - Used to identify individuals who have a high probability of possessing a substance disorder.

https://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/assessingalcohol/InstrumentPDFs/66_SASSI.pdf

Form 90 – A multi-component assessment used as a method to reconstruct alcohol and drug use over the past 90 days by measuring general health care utilization and residential history

https://casaa.unm.edu/Instruments

CAGE – Used to identify alcohol problems from all stages of a lifetime

https://psychology-tools.com/test/cage-alcohol-questionnaire

Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST) – Screens for lifetime alcohol-related problems and alcoholism

https://www.mdapp.co/michigan-alcohol-screening-test-mast-287/

Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST) – A screening instrument for the abuse of drugs other than alcohol

https://cde.drugabuse.gov/instrument/e9053390-ee9c-9140-e040-bb89ad433d69

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assessment for Responsivity Factors

Mental Health/Personality

Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) - Used to evaluate psychiatric disorders and psychological distress. Administration can be conducted to evaluate patient’s progress through the treatment process.

https://hazards.colorado.edu/nhcdata/chernobyl/ChData/ScalesInstruments/Scales%20and%20Indices/Scale%20Construction%20Instructions/BSI.pdf

Client Evaluation of Self and Treatment (TCU-CEST)“A ‘family’ of four assessments for monitoring client needs and progress”

https://ibr.tcu.edu/forms/client-evaluation-of-self-and-treatment-cest/

University of Rhode Island Change Assessment (URICA)- Used to identify an individual’s readiness to change.

https://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/AssessingAlcohol/InstrumentPDFs/75_URICA.pdf

Stages of Change Readiness and Treatment Eagerness Scale (SOCRATES) Used to assess alcohol abuser readiness to change.

https://casaa.unm.edu/inst/SOCRATESv8.pdf

Readiness to Change Questionnaire – “Measures the stage of change of an excessive drinker of alcohol”.

https://ndarc.med.unsw.edu.au/resource/readiness-change-questionnaire-users-manual-revised-version