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Specific Education Programs for Juveniles

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Academic Programs

School Based Programs are those programs implement in community academic schools. These programs are targeted for the prevention of delinquent behavior in at-risk students and/'or intervention for those who have already become involved in delinquent activities.  Targeted behaviors may be related to those directly observed in school (e.g. truancy or violence in the school) or those indirectly observed (e.g. evidence of substance abuse or child abuse) Schools are stated to be an effective setting for intervention or prevention as this is where youth spend a majority of their time. Specific programs may include Fast Track, Truancy Programs, Youth Out of Education Mainstream, and The Incredible Years.

Fast Track is a comprehensive, long term prevention program aimed at at-risk for chronic and severe conduct problems. This goal of this program is to prove child emotional, behavioral, and academic competencies, parenting effectiveness, and school-home communications to prevent antisocial behavior from early childhood through adolescence. It includes parent groups, child social-skills training, academic tutoring, and home visits, and is endorsed by the OJJDP and HHS Surgeon General.

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Truancy Programs are designed to promote regular school attendance through one or more strategies including an increase in parental involvement, the participation of law enforcement, the use of mentors, court alternatives, or other related strategies.

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Youth Out of Education Mainstream (YOEM) is a program focused on reintegrating adjudicated youth into the school setting from the juvenile justices system as well as those whom have experience drop out risk factors, violence in the school, truancy, expulsion, absenteeism, or suspension form school. It is thus an alternative school or school program that is designed to address the special needs of these students.

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The Incredible Years targets high-risk youth and those whom have displayed behavioral problems.  It is a comprehensive program involving parents, teachers, and the youth. It is based on Patterson's social learning model, which agues that negative reinforcement in both the root and maintenance factor of deviant behaviors of youth and parent and teachers behaviors which enable deviant behavior.  The goal is to teach parents and teachers how to effectively deal with deviant behavior of the child and to model appropriate, positive problem-solving and discipline strategies. The target outcome is developed social competence and reduced aggressing behavior by the child at home and at school.

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Vocational Education Programs

Vocational Education Programs

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Life-Skills/Psychoeducation

Specific programs may include Life Skills, Aggression Replacement Training, CASAStart, Thinking for a Change, Creating Lasting Family Connections, Operation New Hope, and The Gang Resistance Education and Training.

Life Skills

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Aggression Replacement Training is a multimodal psychoeducational intervention designed to social skill competence, anger control, and moral reasoning.

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CASA Start (Striving Together to Achieve Rewarding Tomorrows, formerly known as Children at Risk), is a community-based, school-centered substance abuse and violence prevention program developed by the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University (CASA). Services are based on eight components: community-enhanced policing/ enhance enforcement, case management, juvenile justice intervention, family services, after-school and summer activities, educational services, mentoring, and incentives.

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Thinking for a Change (T4C) is an integrative mental health/correctional program based on cognitive behavioral change principles. The purpose is to assist offenders with cognitive restructuring, social skills development, and development of problem solving skills so to promote healthy coping strategies and to reduce recidivism.

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Creating Lasting Family Connections (CLFC) is a family strengthening substance abuse and violence prevention curriculum based program design for families in high risk environments. It is designed for use in any community setting that offers contact with parents, youth, social outreach programs, and is affiliated with social service providers. Programs re aimed as training youth and their families about substance abuses, family management skills, communications skills, family role modeling of substance use, youth involvement in community activities, and the use of community resources. The goal is to increase individual youth and family resiliency to delinquent behaviors and environmental risk factors.

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Operation New Hope is a parole reentry program designed to treat high risk chronic offenders and teach them skills of daily living in six areas said to decrease chance of recidivism: basic socialization skills, reduction of criminal activity, alleviation of substance abused dependence, improved lifestyle choices, reduction of need for gang affiliation, and reduction of parole revocations.

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The Gang Resistance Education and Training (G.R.E.A.T.) program is intended to provide life skills that empower adolescents with the ability to resist peer pressure to join gangs. The strategy is a cognitive approach that seeks to produce attitudinal and behavioral change through instruction, discussion, and role-playing. The objectives of the G.R.E.A.T program are to reduce gang activity, teach students about the negative consequences of gang involvement, and develop positive relations between students and law enforcement officials. The intervention consists of a 13-lesson curriculum, taught over 9 weeks by uniformed law enforcement officers, which introduces students to conflict-resolution skills, cultural sensitivity, and the negative aspects of gang life.

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