Footnotes to The Colonization Movement

1 Luman Jones to Elizabeth Jones, November 12, 1863, Luman Jones Collection, Indiana Historical Society Library.

2 Robert J. Price to D. Price, June 6, 1863, Robert J. Price Collection, ibid.

3 "Preamble [and] Resolution by Genl S[amuel] Milroy Offered in the Indiana Legislature, 1817 on the Subject of Colonizing Negroes," photo static copy, Robert Milroy Papers, Box 2, Folder 1: Samuel Milroy Papers, ibid.

4 John Hope Franklin, From Slavery to Freedom (5th ed., New York, 1980), 109.

5 Corydon Indiana Gazette, February 10, 1820, transcription, in "Extracts from Corydon Newspapers, 1820- 1838," bound typescript in Indiana Division, Indiana State Library.

6 Ibid.

7 Ibid., January 20, 1820. It is not clear how long this group remained active. The Indiana Colonization Society was formed in Indianapolis in 1829.

8 Merton L. Dillon, Benjamin Lundy and the Struggle for Negro Freedom (Urbana, 1966), 27, 29. Lundy started the antislavery journal, Genius of Universal Emancipation in 1821 in Ohio.

9 Walter Edgerton, A History of the Separation in Indiana Yearly Meeting of Friends . . . (Cincinnati, 1856), 34.

10 Laws of Indiana, 1825, pp. 105-6. See also Riker and Thornbrough, eds., Messages and Papers of James Brown Ray, 95n.

11 Riker and Thornbrough, eds., Messages and Papers of James Brown Ray, 469-70.

12 The Non-Slaveholder (2 mo, 1847), vol. 2, Indiana Historical Society Library.

13 James Cook quoted in Eleventh Annual Report of the Indiana Colonization Society . . . 1845 (Indianapolis, 1846), 25.

14 Edgerton, History of the Separation in Indiana Yearly Meeting of Friends, 36.

15 Eleventh Annual Report of the Indiana Colonization Society, 18-19.

16 Ibid.

17 Ibid.

18 Treaties and Conventions Concluded Between the United States of America and Other Powers Since July 4, 1776 (48th Cong., 2d sess., Senate Exec. Doc. 47; Washington, 1889), 432-34, 436-37. See also Report of the Agent of the Colonization Society of the State of Indiana in Reply to a Resolution of the Senate (Indianapolis, 1855), 9-15.

19 Pettit quoted ibid.

20 Thornbrough, The Negro in Indiana, 80.

21 Ibid., 80-81; Eleventh Annual Report of the Indiana Colonization Society, 12; Gayle Thornbrough et al., eds., The Diary of Calvin Fletcher (9 vols., Indianapolis, 1972- 1983), 1:186.

22 Indianapolis Indiana State Sentinel, April 30, 1846.

23 Eleventh Annual Report of the Indiana Colonization Society, 27.

24 The Colonizationist, 2 (May, 1847).

25 Where Shall We Go (Philadelphia, n.d.), copy in file "Colonization, 1852-1855," Joseph A. Wright Papers, Governors' Papers, Archives Division, Archives and Records Administration, Indianapolis.

26 Indiana House Journal, 1857, pp. 33-34. ; See Kettleborough, Constitution Making in Indiana, 2:617, for the ratification vote, August 6, 1851.

27 Laws of Indiana, 1852, chapter 18 of Joint Resolutions.

28 Indiana Revised Statutes, 1852, vol. 1, chapter 18.

29 Ibid., chapter 74.

30 Laws of Indiana, 1853, chapter 16; Report of Rev. John McKay, Colored Agent of the State Board of Colonization of Liberia (Indianapolis, 1854).

31 Findlay to Wright, March 8, 1853, Wright Papers, Archives Division.

32 Samuel P. Anthony to Wright, April 29, 1853, ibid.

33 Record of Proceedings of the Indiana State Board of Colonization, March 24, 1853 to December 7, 1860, in General Assembly Miscellaneous Records (UV 91), Archives Division; Report of Rev. John McKay; Circular to Friends of African Colonization, April 17, 1855 pamphlet in Indiana Division, Indiana State Library.

34 Minutes of the State Board of Colonization, January 10, 1857, in Secretary of State Journal, Archives Division.

35 Ibid.

36 Ibid.; "Missionary Intelligence of Rev. M. M. Clark," Repository of Religion and Literature and of Science and Art, 3 (January, 1860).

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