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STD Prevention Program Overview

STD Prevention

Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, & Syphilis

The mission of the STD Prevention Program is to intervene in the spread of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and reduce the complications of these diseases.  The program provides technical and financial assistance to local STD programs for surveillance, case detection through screening, ensuring treatment of known cases, case follow-up, and education.  Efforts are coordinated among health care providers screening for syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia.  Other important aspects of this program include education and prevention counseling for persons impacted by STDs.

The STD Prevention Program seeks to engage community groups, partner agencies, and other stakeholders to decrease the disparity of STDs among vulnerable communities and populations. This includes improving health inequalities that exist among people with STDs, including categorial inequalities defined by the WHO as “demographically, economically, geographically, and socially disadvantaged.”

Fast Facts

  • Many STDs are asymptomatic, meaning you can't tell you have one without being tested. It's important to get tested regularly if you're sexually active.
  • Latex condoms used the right way every time will greatly reduce your risk of getting an STD.
  • If diagnosed with an STD, it's important to take all medication exactly as prescribed. You and any partners should wait 7 days after treatment before having sex again to avoid reinfection.
  • Some STDs, like chlamydia and gonorrhea, can cause irreversible damage to the reproductive system if not treated.

Looking for a clinic near you? Check out our STD Clinics Map of agencies that partner with the ISDH STD Prevention Program. Enter your zip code to find a testing facility close to you. A list of those clinics can be found here .

For more information about STDs, how they are spread, and who is at risk, check out the Educational Resources tab.

Your role in interrupting the chain of transmission for sexually transmitted diseases is vital to the health of Hoosiers. Many communities rely on urgent care or emergency room care for screening and treatment of STDs, and the Indiana Department of Health (IDOH) STD Prevention Program would like to provide your agency with the tools and materials to ensure exceptional sexual healthcare to Hoosiers in accordance with CDC’s recommendations. Your efforts in STD prevention and attention to detail is assisting clients with getting access to critical care in order to lower the disease burden among Indiana communities. Below are links to three resources for healthcare providers when managing the sexual healthcare of your patient:

Expedited Partner Therapy for Health Care Professionals in Indiana

Expedited Partner Therapy, or EPT, is the practice of treating sexual partners of patients diagnosed with an STD (specifically chlamydia and/or gonorrhea) without an intervening medical evaluation. This practice helps prevent re-infection of patients and is considered an effective partner management strategy. Prescribing treatment to partners is a protected activity under the Indiana Administrative Code. See the resources below for more information.

National and Statewide Increase in Syphilis Cases

Once on a trajectory for elimination in the United States, the rate of syphilis infection has been increasing every year since 2001. National rates of primary and secondary (P&S) stages of syphilis-- the most infectious stages-- have increased almost every year, increasing 11.2% during 2018–2019. Rates increased among both males and females, in all regions of the United States, and among all racial/Hispanic ethnicity groups. Indiana is at a record-high for the rate of P&S syphilis cases, surpassing the 1999-2000 outbreak with 7.6 cases per 100,000 in 2020* (see figure below).  Congenital syphilis cases have also increased at the state and national level, which is a major public health concern.

Please use the documents at the links provided below for guidance on managing syphilis diagnosed in your patients.

In Indiana, cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis are required to be reported to the health department in your area within 72 hours of diagnosis; healthcare providers should not report cases of herpes or trichomoniasis. Cases can be reported via the Indiana Confidential Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Report State Form 56459 by fax or direct online survey (link below). Fax numbers for each STD district (where your local health department or affiliated community-based agencies are located) are included on the STD DIS Contact Map (link below).

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides guidelines for recommended courses of treatment for STDs. On July 23, 2021, the CDC released the newest treatment guidelines (2021). The links below include the most recently updated guidelines in a wall chart and a pocket guide, including the changes to treatment of Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections in December 2020. The second link provides more details about the changes to the gonorrhea treatment guidelines.

To view data trends for STDs in Indiana from 2019, use the links below to view the dashboard maps. National averages were taken from the CDC's 2019 STD Surveillance Report. Indiana data were taken from the state's NEDSS-based Surveillance System (NBS).

Use the fact sheets provided here to learn more about STDs, how they are spread, and who is at risk. All resources are shown in English and Spanish. Resources in other languages are available on the CDC's website.

DiseaseEnglish VersionSpanish Version
ChlamydiaEnglish PDFSpanish PDF
GonorrheaEnglish PDFSpanish PDF
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)English PDFSpanish PDF
SyphilisEnglish PDFSpanish PDF
Congenital SyphilisEnglish PDFSpanish PDF
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)English PDFSpanish PDF
Hepatitis BEnglish PDFSpanish PDF
Hepatitis CEnglish PDFSpanish PDF
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) English PDFSpanish PDF
STD Risk and Oral SexEnglish linkSpanish link
Genital HerpesEnglish PDFSpanish PDF
TrichomoniasisEnglish PDFSpanish PDF
Bacterial VaginosisEnglish PDFSpanish PDF
STDs and HIVEnglish PDFSpanish PDF
Gay, Bisexual, and Other Men who have Sex with Men (MSM)English PDFSpanish PDF