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Preservation at the Crossroads Newsletter

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August 2022 Issue

Oliver Mansion

Oliver Mansion, West Washington Street Historic District, South Bend

Indiana Archaeology Month2022 Indiana Archaeology Month poster

September will be the 27th annual celebration of  archaeology in our state and the return of our printed commemorative posters. The 2022 design focuses on late Pre-contact pottery styles. The ceramics of the Late Pre-contact period of Indiana indicate that Native American groups were not static but were diverse, dynamic, and complex. We celebrate the diversity present in these unique artifacts.

If you would like a poster, stop by the DHPA office at 402 W. Washington Street, Room W274 in Indianapolis. You can also visit DHPA  archaeologists at one of our Archaeology Month events, where we will have  posters and other handouts (including printed copies of Early Peoples of Indiana), or you may contact our office to request a poster.

For more information on Archaeology Month, visit our website. We hope you will be able to attend some of the events that will take place, and we encourage you to follow our office and DNR on  Facebook, where we will post more information about archaeology in Indiana and  our theme for 2022.

We look forward to celebrating with you!

Cisterns—Water, Water, Everywhere!Riley Cistern

Water is an essential part of life. The human body is made up of  about 60% of water. Domestically, it is crucial for drinking, cooking, cleaning, bathing, and watering gardens. Industrially, water is used for  cleaning, cooling machinery, diluting solvents, making paper, pumping oil, and  generating power, just to mention a few. Water is also used to put out fires.

Obtaining and storing water to satisfy our needs is an important part of our society. Before modern plumbing, cisterns were a common way to collect and  store water for later use. However, not all cisterns were made the same. Human ingenuity can be seen archaeologically in how cisterns were constructed.

This article will explore a few examples of cisterns found at archaeological sites in Indianapolis.

Indiana State Library Display

library displayThe DHPA invites you to visit our two display cases at the Indiana State Library in Indianapolis. The exhibits are in honor of Indiana Archaeology Month and will be on display until late October. One case represents our Archaeology Month theme of Pre-contact Ceramics, and the other will offer a glimpse of the types of artifacts found in Indiana.

The cases are on the second floor in the Grand Hall (on the east side of the building). Archaeology team member and research archaeologist Rachel Sharkey put together this exhibit.

The image shows one of the cases from the 2021 display.

A Popular Tiny Toy

Frozen Charlotte toyToys provide insights into the lives of children and can be some  of the most poignant, and interesting items found at archaeological sites. As they do today, toys in the past varied in size, and a diminutive form of doll  made during the period of roughly 1850-1920 was very popular during those years.

Produced originally in Germany, the affordable, molded porcelain dolls had  rigid arms and legs and came in sizes generally ranging from 1 to 18 inches  tall. In the 19th century the smaller of these were known as “penny” dolls because of their price. Regardless of social class, children in many American homes could have had access to these toys, given their inexpensive cost and wide availability during the Victorian and early Edwardian periods.

This article will review these dolls referred to as “Frozen Charlottes”.

Historic Preservation Fund (HPF) Grant Round for 2023

Application packets are available on the DHPA website for the  Fiscal Year 2023 HPF Matching Grant Program at: This program assists certain types of local preservation projects conducted by  municipal and county governments, not-for-profit organizations, and colleges and universities. This year’s grant application deadline is Friday, Oct. 7 at 5 p.m. Projects selected for funding can begin around June 1, 2023, and must be  completed within 24 months.William Young house

Eligible Projects: There are three project categories, and each one has its own application packet.

  • The Architectural & Historical Category assists preparation of nominations to the National Register of Historic Places  for identified historic districts, design guidelines for use by local  preservation commissions, local historic preservation plans, and plans and  specifications to guide future rehabilitation of historic buildings that are listed in the National Register of Historic Places.
  • The Archaeological Category assists surveys to identify and document archaeology sites on DNR properties.
  • The Development Category assists rehabilitation of historic buildings that are listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Rehabilitated buildings must accept a protective covenant  for a period of five, 10 or 15 years.

Match Requirements: HPF grant awards are made using  federal funds from the National Park Service. Local matching funds are required  from any nonfederal source. Most projects require a dollar-for-dollar local match for a 50:50 grant-to-match ratio; however, projects undertaken by Certified Local Government communities qualify for a 60:40 funding ratio, while applicants undertaking archaeological survey projects qualify for a 70:30 funding ratio. Applicants must document that they have all required nonfederal  matching funds available at the time of application.

More information about the HPF Matching Grant Program can be found  on the DHPA’s website. For additional help or guidance, please contact the DHPA  Grant Staff: Malia Vanaman at or 317-232-1648, or Steve Kennedy at or 317-232-6981.

Historic Preservation Fund Archaeology Grants

CCC CampAs described by the National Park Service “. . .  the Historic Preservation Fund (HPF) is the funding source of the preservation awards to the States, Tribes, local governments, and non-profits… and the funding is provided by Outer Continental Shelf oil lease revenues, not tax dollars. The HPF uses revenues of a nonrenewable resource to benefit the preservation of other irreplaceable resources.”

Each year, the Division of Historic Preservation & Archaeology receives funding under the HPF program administered by the U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service. The HPF program promotes historic preservation and archaeology in Indiana and benefits the State in meeting its goals for cultural resource management.

Read more about HPF archaeology grants here.

Preserving Historic Places: Indiana’s Statewide  Historic Preservation Conference will be held in South Bend, Sept. 27-30.

The conference will bring approximately 250 attendees from around  the state, including historic preservation professionals and advocates, architects, realtors, and urban planners, to explore many of the adaptive reuse projects preserving South Bend’s industrial and manufacturing legacy for the 21st  century. Education and plenary sessions will take place at the Scottish Rite in  downtown South Bend and at the University of Notre Dame.Preserving Historic Places

Tours and other events will highlight the West Washington Street  Historic District, Tippecanoe Place, Palais Royale, and the Lauber Kitchen & Bar, a 19th century sheet metal company transformed into a restaurant.

Section 106 training and a CAMP workshop will take place on Tuesday, Sept. 27 for preservation professionals. A Saving Sacred Spaces workshop Tuesday afternoon will discuss practical guidance to help  congregations harness their places for outreach and growth.

Wednesday, Sept. 28 and Thursday, Sept. 29 will focus on educational sessions at the Scottish Rite. A field session Wednesday morning  will travel to Michigan for an in-depth tour of Fort St. Joseph, used 1691–1781, first as a major French commercial center focused on the fur trade and later as a British outpost during the American Revolution.

Mayor James Mueller is scheduled to welcome conference attendees at noon on Sept. 28 at the Scottish Rite. After lunch, Andrew Beckman,  archivist at the Studebaker National Museum and photographer Louis Sabo will  present a pictorial tour of South Bend. The dinner plenary features Aaron Perri, Executive Director of the City of South Bend Venues Parks & Arts, who will explain how reinvestment and restoration in the city’s parks and mountains and long-range planning inspires residents and visitors.

Francesca Ammon, author of Bulldozer: Demolition and Clearance of the Postwar Landscape will present the Thursday, Sept. 29 plenary,  sponsored by Indiana University’s Cornelius O’Brien lecture series that is free  and open to the public. She will discuss how the bulldozer helped win  World War II but went on to create a “culture of clearance” in the U.S., removing swaths of historic buildings for suburban development and interstate highways.

On Friday, Sept. 30, the conference moves to the University of Notre Dame with a plenary talk from 9 to 10 a.m. on preservation’s role in  promoting sustainability by Steven Semes, director of the Michael Christopher Duda Center for Preservation, Resilience, and Sustainability. After the talk, attendees may wrap up their conference experience by enjoying a tour of the  Basilica of the Sacred Heart, taking an in-depth look at its religious, historic, and architectural significance.

The conference is open to the public. Registration is $200 per  person and $125 per student after Aug. 1 and includes all education sessions, a  reception, a luncheon, and two dinners. Register and see the full conference schedule at:

The conference offers continuing education credits for architects,  planners, and realtors for certain sessions and workshops, with certification  by AIA Indiana, American Planning Association, and Indiana Professional  Licensing Agency.

Preserving Historic Places: Indiana’s Statewide Historic Preservation Conference is staged by the Indiana Department of Natural  Resources, Division of Historic Preservation and Archaeology (DHPA), Indiana Landmarks, and Indiana University with support from the Saint Joseph County Council and the City of South Bend.

Recent Listings on the National RegisterRussiaville Interurban

Between May and June 2022, Indiana added nine listings to the National Register of Historic Places. These  listings—houses, a barn, a residential and commercial district, a bridge, a depot, a student center, and a parish district—have added approximately 103 historic resources to the National and State Registers.

Get information on Indiana properties listed in the National Register of Historic Places and the Indiana Register of Historic Sites and Structures.

Read about those recently listed here.

Headstone Collection

cemeteryThe DNR Division of Historic Preservation and Archaeology (DHPA)  maintains the Indiana Cemetery and Burial Ground Registry, under Indiana law IC  4-21-1-13.5. This program, started in 2001, aims at locating and documenting every cemetery and burial ground in the state.

Due to the vast amount of  information, the cemetery registry was included as part of DHPA’s searchable SHAARD database. Cemetery information can  also be accessed through the Indiana Historic Buildings, Bridges and Cemeteries (IHBBC) Map. Because there are about 20,000 cemeteries and burial grounds in Indiana, it is not possible at this time to document each grave marker, inscription, and name.

Recently, the Indiana Geological and Water Survey (IGWS) published information in E-GeoNews on its program documenting headstones from 189 cemeteries in Indiana. The information is housed in the IGWS digital assessment management system, ResourceSpace.

This is a wonderful resource for headstone research and especially for whetstone markers.

Listen to and Reading about History, Archaeology, and Historic Preservation

The DHPA staff loves podcasts, social media, and resources related to history, archaeology, and historic preservation. So, we’re sharing our favorite  finds. Each newsletter issue, we’ll highlight something we’ve found or use.

The Preservation Technology Podcast is produced by the National  Park Service and the National Center for Preservation Technology and Training. The series is “about the people and projects that are bringing innovation to preservation” and covers topics from technical advice, disaster planning, job hunting tips, cemeteries, international preservation, documenting disappearing resources, museum studies, oral history, cultural landscapes, and advocating  and interpreting underrepresented communities. There are more than 100 podcast  episodes, most averaging between 10 and 20 minutes. You can download episodes  from the website ( or subscribe via  iTunes/Apple Podcasts. If you aren’t a podcast person, transcripts are also available online.

Are you on Instagram? Malia Vanaman, DHPA Grant Manager,  recommends following: @restoringyourhistorichouse (if before and after pictures make you giddy, this one is for you!) and @historichousedogs (because combining adorable pups and cool historic houses is just brilliant).

What archaeology, architecture, or preservation pages do you follow? We want to know. Please send to:

Follow DHPA on Facebook

The Division of Historic Preservation & Archaeology is on Facebook. Follow us at to find out about upcoming events, participate in trivia, find out about things to see and do throughout the state, and learn interesting facts about preservation in Indiana. If you have suggestions for topics or questions for future discussions let us know at

DHPA Staff Programs

Staff from the DHPA offer free programs around the state on a variety of topics, including archaeology, Underground Railroad, cemeteries, and preservation. If you would like to learn more about these topics, check out the Calendar of Events and find the talk closest to you. Or, if your organization is looking for a speaker, contact the DHPA for potential speakers and topics.

Tell us what you think

We are always interested in your ideas. If there is a topic you would like to see in an upcoming issue of Preservation at the Crossroads, send us an e-mail at

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