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Extreme Heat

extreme heat


When temperatures reach 90 degrees Fahrenheit or higher, overexposure to the heat can be hazardous.  Humid conditions, frequently experienced in Indiana, can add to the danger of high temperatures.  Pay attention to summer temperature predictions and take all heat advisories seriously.

What to do During Extreme Heat

  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Avoid prolonged exposure to high temperatures.
  • Slow down from your normal pace.
  • Spend time in air conditioning, even for brief periods.
  • Draw shades, blinds, and curtains in rooms exposed to direct sunlight.
  • Cool down with cool baths or showers.
  • Avoid alcoholic, caffeinated and carbonated beverages.
  • Wear proper SPF sunscreen for your skin type.
  • Wear loose-fitting, light colored clothing.
  • Wear sunglasses to protect your eyes from harmful UV rays.
  • Do NOT leave animals, children, or the elderly inside a vehicle - even if you are just leaving the vehicle for a minute and have the windows rolled down - this is very dangerous!
  • Try NOT leaving animals outside, but if you do provide adequate shade and lots of water.

Heat-Related Illness

Heat Cramps

First sign your body is not dealing with the heat well.


  • Muscle cramps
  • Body temperature begins to rise.
  • Flushed looking appearance.

What to do:

  • Move to shade or a cool place to rest.
  • Put cold rags on wrists, neck, and face.
  • Stretch if you have a cramp.
  • Drink water, and if possible a sports drink (NO carbonated drinks).

Heat Exhaustion

Heat exhaustion typically occurs when an individual is exercising or works in a hot, humid location and the body is unable to replace the fluids lost through heavy sweating.


  • Profuse sweating
  • Cool, clammy or flushed skin
  • Dizzy or nauseous
  • Fatigue or weakness
  • Diarrhea

What to do:

  • Move to a cool place to rest.
  • Sip water slowly.
  • Put cool rags on wrists, neck, face, armpits, and groin.
  • If the victim's condition does not improve rapidly, take them to the emergency room or call 911.

Heat Stroke

Heat stroke is a life-threatening condition that occurs when the victim's internal temperature control system fails.  Body temperature can rise so high that brain damage and death may result if the body is not cooled quickly.


  • Skin will likely be hot, red and dry because the victim has stopped sweating.
  • Dizziness
  • Disorientation
  • Seizures
  • Unconsciousness

What to do:

  • If you believe someone is experiencing these symptoms, call 911 immediately.
  • Immerse the victim in a cool bath or use wet sheets, ice bags, fans or air conditioners to reduce body temperature.
  • Place bags of ice next to the victim's major arteries in their neck, armpits, and groin.