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  1. Indiana Department of Natural Resources, WATER RESOURCE AVAILABILITY IN THE LAKE MICHIGAN REGION, INDIANA, 68-72 (1994).
  2. Moore, THE CALUMET REGION: INDIANA'S LAST FRONTIER, 191 (1959).
  3. Moore, 219-301 (1959).
  4. Governor's Water Resource Study Commission, THE INDIANA WATER RESOURCE: AVAILABILITY, USES, AND NEEDS, 128 (1980).
  5. Indiana Department of Natural Resources, 1994 Great Lakes Regional Water Use Data Summary (1996). Data for 1996 withdrawals was obtained from the Water Use Section in the Division of Water of the Indiana Department of Natural Resources.
  6. Indiana Department of Natural Resources, WATER RESOURCE AVAILABILITY IN THE LAKE MICHIGAN REGION, INDIANA, 19 (1994).
  7. Dellapenna, The Right to Consume Water Under "Pure" Riparian Rights, 1 WATERS AND WATER RIGHTS 7.01 (1991).
  8. United States v. Gerlach Live Stock Co., 339 U.S. 725, 744-45 (1950).
  9. Murphy and O'Neill, Legal Classifications, 3 WATERS AND WATER RIGHTS 20.03 (1991).
  10. Lucas, Indiana Survey, 6 Beck, WATERS AND WATER RIGHTS, 345-356 (19 91); Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NORTHWEST INDIANA PUBLIC WORK GROUPS: 865 ANNOTATIONS BY THE INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES, & 514 (1996).
  11. Dilling v. Murray, 6 Ind. 324 (1855).
  12. IC 14-25-1-3. "Domestic purposes" includes water for household purposes and drinking water for domesticated animals.
  13. IC 14-26.
  14. IC 14-29-1-8(a)(2).
  15. IC 14-25-5.
  16. Taylor v. Fickas, 64 Ind. 167, 172 (1878).
  17. IC 14-25-1-2(b).
  18. Gagnon v. French Lick Springs Hotel Co., 163 Ind. 687, 696, 72 N.E. 849 (1904).
  19. Wiggins v. Brazil Coal and Clay Corp., Ind., 452 N.E. 2d 958, 963 (1983).
  20. IC 14-25-4 at issue in Prohosky v. Prudential Ins. Co. of Am., 767 F.2d 387 (7th Cir. 1985).
  21. Natural Resources Comm'n v. Amax Coal Co., Ind., 638 N.E.2d 418, 428 (1994). The Indiana Supreme Court reaffirmed the common-law doctrine for percolating groundwater, but it found the Indiana version of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act was intended to establish another exception to the common law by conferring in the Department of Natural Resources the "authority to regulate" a coal company's use of groundwater.
  22. Interagency Floodplain Management Review Committee, Sharing the Challenge: Floodplain Management into the 21st Century (June 1994).
  23. House Document 465, 89th Congress, 2d Session (August 1966).
  24. SHARING THE CHALLENGE at 118.
  25. SHARING THE CHALLENGE at 47.
  26. U.S. CONST. art. I, sec. 8, cl. 3. For an extensive discussion of the application of the commerce clause to inter-state and inter-basin transfers of water, see Grant, State Regulation of Interstate Water Export, 4 Beck, WATERS AND WATER RIGHTS, 589-650 (1991).
  27. Sporhase v. Nebraska ex rel. Douglas, 458 U.S. 941 (1982).
  28. Sporhase at 458 U.S. 943.
  29. Intake Water Co. v. Yellowstone River Compact Commission, 769 F.2d 568 (9th Cir. 1985), cert. denied, 476 U.S. 1163 (1986).
  30. COUNCIL OF GREAT LAKES GOVERNORS, FINAL REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS: GREAT LAKES GOVERNORS TASK FORCE ON WATER DIVERSION AND GREAT LAKES INSTITUTIONS, 40-45 (1985).
  31. 42 USC 1962d-20.
  32. IC 14-25-1-11.
  33. Great Lakes Commission, WATER LEVEL CHANGES: FACTORS INFLUENCING THE GREAT LAKES, 5 (1986).
  34. Indiana Department of Natural Resources, WATER RESOURCE AVAILABILITY IN THE LAKE MICHIGAN REGION, INDIANA, 47 (1994).
  35. Great Lakes Commission, WATER LEVEL CHANGES: FACTORS INFLUENCING THE GREAT LAKES, 6(1986).
  36. Great Lakes Commission, 6
  37. Great Lakes Commission, 6
  38. Great Lakes Commission, 6
  39. Great Lakes Commission, 6
  40. Great Lakes Commission, 7
  41. 42 USC 1962d-20.
  42. IC 14-25-1-11(a).
  43. IC 14-25-1-11(b).
  44. Information is located on the FEMA homepage at Internet address http://www.fema.gov/about/what.htm.
  45. 42 USC 5121 through 42 USC 5202.
  46. 42 USC 5122(2).
  47. IC 10-4-1.
  48. IC 10-4-1-10.
  49. Personal communication with Jeff Miller, Lake County Emergency Management Agency (January 1996).
  50. Personal communication with Robert Bannwart, LaPorte County Emergency Management Agency (January 1996).
  51. Personal communication with Ronald Stevens, Porter County Civil Defense/Emergency Management Agency (January 1996).
  52. Personal communication with Janet Crider, State Emergency Management Agency (January 1996).
  53. Information derived from the following address on the World Wide Web: http://www.usace.army.mil/ncc/glsdrs.htm
  54. IC 14-28-1.
  55. IC 14-28-1-1.
  56. IC 14-28-1-22(e). Though not germane to the immediate discussion, this subsection also requires an applicant to demonstrate a project will not have unreasonably detrimental effects upon fish, wildlife, or botanical resources.
  57. IC 14-28-1-22(f).
  58. IC 14-28-1-24.
  59. IC 14-28-3.
  60. 310 IAC 6-1-3. The portion of the "flood plain" outside the boundaries of a "floodway" is referred to as the "floodway fringe."
  61. IC 14-28-3-2. The rules are set forth at 310 IAC 6-1. As reflected in the March 1, 1999 Indiana Register, the Natural Resources Commission proposes to amend and recodify these provisions within 312 IAC 10.
  62. Federal Emergency Management Agency, NFIP Policy and Claims by State and County; Indiana (February 13, 1998).
  63. Memo from Gregory Main, Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Division of Water (December 1994).
  64. Indiana House Bill 1260 was codified as IC 13-2-6.1-10 (repealed).
  65. Department of Natural Resources, INDIANA'S WATER SHORTAGE PLAN, 2 (1994).
  66. Department of Natural Resources, INDIANA'S WATER SHORTAGE PLAN, 3-16 (1994).
  67. Ind. P.L. 164, 1983, originally codified as IC 13-2-6.1 and recodified in 1995 as IC 14-25-7. This chapter should be read in light of IC 14-25-1, although the latter chapter may now be subordinate.
  68. IC 14-25-7-6.
  69. IC 14-25-7-2.
  70. IC 14-25-7-13.
  71. IC 14-25-7-14(b). Rule adoption under this statutory chapter is to be performed by the Commission, upon the advice of the Advisory Council for the Bureau of Water and Resource Regulation, whose membership is to be augmented by four members of the Indiana General Assembly for this purpose. Rules pertaining to minimum stream flows have not been adopted.
  72. Indiana Department of Natural Resources, WATER RESOURCE AVAILABILITY IN THE LAKE MICHIGAN REGION, INDIANA, 19 (1994).
  73. IC 14-29-1-8(a)(2). An important exception to the permitting requirement is provided for public and municipal water utilities.
  74. IC 14-25-4.
  75. Prohosky v. Prudential Ins. Co. of Am., 767 Fed. 387 (7th Cir. 1985).
  76. Indiana Department of Natural Resources, NORTHWEST INDIANA PUBLIC WORK GROUPS: 865 ANNOTATIONS BY THE INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES, & 569 (1996).
  77. These standards are set forth at 312 IAC 12. For wells constructed from 1986 through 1991, the applicable standards are set forth at 9 IND. REG. 1242.
  78. Ind. P.L. 101-1990. Originally codified as IC 13-2-2.6 and currently codified as IC 14-25-5.
  79. Personal communication with Mark Basch, Department of Natural Resources (July 1996).
  80. "Public freshwater lakes" include Fancher Lake and Lake George (Hobart) in Lake County; Canada Lake, Flint Lake, Long Lake, Loomis Lake, and Wauhob Lake in Porter County; Swede Lake in LaPorte County; and Pinhook Park Lake and St. Mary's Lake in St. Joseph County. There are a myriad of public freshwater lakes on the eastern end of the St. Joseph River basin, particularly in Steuben and Lagrange Counties. A listing of major inland lakes in Indiana's St. Joseph River watershed is found in the following publication: Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Appendix 6, WATER RESOURCE AVAILABILITY IN THE ST. JOSEPH RIVER BASIN, INDIANA, (1987). In many instances, the statutory protections also extend to small inland lakes which would not qualify as public freshwater lakes.
  81. IC 14-26-2-6.
  82. IC 14-26-5-3.
  83. IC 14-26-6-3.
  84. IC 14-26-7-3.
  85. IC 14-26-8-3.
  86. IC 14-33.
  87. IC 14-13-2-4(2).
  88. IC 14-13-2-7.
  89. IC 14-28-5.
  90. Dan Gardner, Meet Our Partner: Little Calumet River Basin Development Commission, CHICAGO BREEZE, 4 (January/February 1998).
  91. Sault company given OK to sell Lake Superior water to Asia, Sault Star, 1, April 25, 1998.
  92. Letter from Bart Stupak, Member of Congress, to Madeleine Albright, Secretary of State (April 29, 1998).
  93. Letter from Sarah Miller, Coordinator for the Canadian Environmental Law Association, to Lloyd Axworthy, Canadian Minister of Foreign Affairs (May 6, 1998) and Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, Press Release, Canada Asks the United States to Agree to a Joint Referral of the Water Export Issue to the International Joint Commission (May 6, 1998).
  94. COLO. CONST. ART. XVI, SEC. 5.
  95. Schroeder, Colorado Survey, 6 Beck, WATERS AND WATER RIGHTS, 255 (1991).
  96. Board of County Com'rs v. United States, Colo., 891 P.2d 952 (1995) cited in Schroeder, Colorado Survey, 21 (1995 Sup.).
  97. Hamilton, Iowa Survey, 6 Beck, Waters and Water Rights, 357 (1991).
  98. Davidson, Missouri River Basin, 6 Beck, Waters and Water Rights, 164-165 (1991).
  99. Pub. L. No. 78-534, codified at 16 USC 460d, 825s; 33 USC 701-1, 701a-1, 701b-1, 708, 709; 43 USC 390, and notes at 33 USCA 701c, f, and j.
  100. Davison, Missouri River Basin at 169.
  101. 33 USC 701-1.
  102. Davidson, Missouri River Basin at 175-181.
  103. A GUIDEBOOK TO DROUGHT PLANNING, MANAGEMENT AND WATER LEVEL CHANGE IN THE GREAT LAKES, Great Lakes Commission (1990).

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