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David Moreland, Jr. Civil War Letters
Manuscript & Rare Books Division
Indiana State Library
Processed by J.C., 1998
Finding Aid by: Nikki Stoddard Schofield, January 2012
David Moreland, Jr. was born in Pennsylvania in 1827. In 1860, the federal census listed him, age 33, in Middletown, Henry County, Indiana, with his wife Ellen, age 28, and two children, Laura, age 6, and Leroy, age 5.
David mustered into Company H, 69th Indiana Volunteer Regiment, on August 19, 1862. His regiment was organized at Richmond, Indiana, and fought the Battle of Richmond, Kentucky, on August 30, 1862, against General Kirby Smith’s Confederate forces. Despite fighting bravely, the untrained 69th was overpowered and captured almost en masse. They were immediately paroled and sent to Indianapolis. Upon being exchanged, the Regiment was re-organized and left for Memphis, Tennessee on November 27, 1862. They were active in the Vicksburg Campaign.
Other states where the Regiment traveled were Texas, Louisiana, Florida, and Alabama. In total, they were in eleven states, and participated in the battles of Richmond, Kentucky; Chickasaw Bluffs, Arkansas Post, Thompson’s Hill, Champion Hill, Black River Bridge, the sieges of Vicksburg and Jackson, and the capture of Blakely, Alabama, resulting in the surrender of Mobile.
David was mustered out July 5, 1865.
He is listed in the 1900 federal census, at age 73, with his wife Ellen, age 67, living in Bourbon, Marshall County, Indiana. They were married in 1854.
United States census for 1860 and 1900
Guide to Indiana Civil War Manuscripts by Ann Turner, 1965,
Scope and Content Note:
David’s letters are written to his older brother Henry Moreland of Howard County, Indiana. He discusses his views of the war and politics, but only briefly mentions his wife Ellen and their three children. Since only Laura and Leroy are listed in the 1860 census, there must have been a baby born after the census taker visited the home. He gives brief mention of another brother, John Moreland, who was crippled.
Manuscript materials CANNOT be photocopied or digitized in their entirety. Photocopies and/or digital images cannot exceed 25% of a collection or a folder within a collection. In some cases, photocopying may not be permitted due to the condition of the item. Check with a Manuscript Librarian for other options.
Folder 1. Seventeen letters and one newspaper article.
1862 One letter written on Nov. 16 to brother Henry.
1863 Seven letters written to Henry
1864 Seven letters written to Henry
1865 Two letters written to Henry
1905(?) Photocopy of newspaper article about Henry L. Moreland, Justice of the Peace
Size of Collection: 1 folder (17 handwritten, photocopied letters and one photocopied newspaper article)
Collection Dates: 1862-1905(?)
Access : The collection is open for research use
Reproduction Rights: Permission to reproduce, exhibit, or publish material in this collection must be obtained from the Manuscript and Rare Books Division, Indiana State Library.
Language: Materials are entirely in English
Alternate Formats: None
Related Holdings: None