Information Maintained by the Office of Code Revision Indiana Legislative Services Agency
IC 36-3
    ARTICLE 3. GOVERNMENT OF INDIANAPOLIS AND MARION COUNTY (UNIGOV)

IC 36-3-1
     Chapter 1. Consolidation and Transfer of Powers

IC 36-3-1-0.3
General assembly findings
    
Sec. 0.3. The general assembly finds the following:
        (1) A consolidated city faces unique budget challenges due to a high demand for services combined with the large number of tax exempt properties located in a consolidated city as the seat of state government, home to several institutions of higher education, and home to numerous national, state, and regional nonprofit corporations.
        (2) By virtue of its size and population density, a consolidated city has unique overlapping territories of county and city government and an absence of unincorporated areas within its county.
        (3) Substantial operational efficiencies, reduction of administrative costs, and economies of scale may be obtained in a consolidated city through consolidation of certain county, city, and township functions.
        (4) Consolidation of certain county, city, and township services and operations will serve the public purpose by allowing the consolidated city to:
            (A) eliminate duplicative services;
            (B) provide better coordinated and more uniform delivery of local governmental services;
            (C) provide uniform oversight and accountability for the budgets for local governmental services; and
            (D) allow local government services to be provided more efficiently and at a lower cost than without consolidation.
        (5) Efficient and fiscally responsible operation of local government benefits the health and welfare of the citizens of a consolidated city and is of public utility and benefit.
        (6) The public purpose of those parts of P.L.227-2005 relating to a consolidated city is to provide a consolidated city with the means to perform essential governmental services for its citizens in an effective, efficient, and fiscally responsible manner.
As added by P.L.220-2011, SEC.647.

IC 36-3-1-1
Application of chapter
    
Sec. 1. This chapter applies in each county having a first class city.
As added by Acts 1980, P.L.212, SEC.2.



IC 36-3-1-2
Transitional provisions; change to first class city
    
Sec. 2. The following transitional provisions apply whenever a city changes into a first class city under this title:
        (1) During the period before July 1 of the year in which the change occurs, the city shall be governed as if it remained a second class city.
        (2) During the period after June 30 of the year in which the change occurs, the city shall be governed by an interim government under section 3 of this chapter.
        (3) On January 1 following the year in which the change occurs, the city becomes a consolidated city.
As added by Acts 1980, P.L.212, SEC.2.

IC 36-3-1-3
Interim government of first class city; powers of officers; budgets and appropriations; appointment of future directors
    
Sec. 3. (a) The interim government of the first class city during the period prescribed by section 2(2) of this chapter consists of:
        (1) the city executive, who is interim mayor and has the powers of the executive of a consolidated city;
        (2) the city clerk, who is interim clerk and has the powers of the clerk of a consolidated city;
        (3) the members of the city legislative body and the members of the county fiscal body, who together comprise an interim city-county council having the powers of the legislative body of a consolidated city; and
        (4) the members of the city legislative body, who together comprise an interim special service district council having the powers of the legislative body of a special service district.
    (b) The interim government shall make budgets and appropriations, and impose tax levies and special tax levies, for the consolidated city, the county, and other political subdivisions for the following year in the manner prescribed by this article.
    (c) The interim mayor may appoint the future directors of the departments of the consolidated city to assist in planning for the change into a consolidated city, and the interim special service district council may make appropriations to finance this planning.
As added by Acts 1980, P.L.212, SEC.2.

IC 36-3-1-4
Consolidated city; abolishment of first class city; territory; name; interim government
    
Sec. 4. (a) When a first class city becomes a consolidated city, the first class city is abolished as a separate entity, and the territory of the consolidated city includes:
        (1) all the territory that comprised the first class city before it became a consolidated city; and
        (2) all other territory in the county except territory of an excluded city.


However, certain departments and special taxing districts of the consolidated city may have jurisdiction as provided by law over more or less territory than that inside the boundaries of the consolidated city.
    (b) The consolidated city is known as "City of ______," with the name of the first class city inserted in the blank.
    (c) Unless the executive and legislative body of the consolidated city are elected during the interim period and take office on the date prescribed by section 2(3) of this chapter, the members of the interim government prescribed by section 3 of this chapter continue in office as officers of the consolidated city until an executive and a legislative body of the consolidated city are elected and qualified.
As added by Acts 1980, P.L.212, SEC.2.

IC 36-3-1-5
Officers of executive and legislative body; board of commissioners
    
Sec. 5. (a) When a first class city becomes a consolidated city, the officers who become the executive and legislative body of the consolidated city under section 4(c) of this chapter also become the executive and legislative body of the county.
    (b) The members of the board of commissioners of the county are entitled to remain in office until their terms expire, although the board is no longer the executive of the county. As their terms expire or their positions become vacant, they shall be replaced by the following officers in the following order:
        (1) The county treasurer.
        (2) The county auditor.
        (3) The county assessor.
These three (3) officers then serve ex officio as commissioners under IC 36-3-3-10.
As added by Acts 1980, P.L.212, SEC.2.

IC 36-3-1-5.1
Consolidation of police department and county sheriff's department
    
Sec. 5.1. (a) Except for those duties that are reserved by law to the county sheriff in this section, the city-county legislative body may by majority vote adopt an ordinance, approved by the mayor, to consolidate the police department of the consolidated city and the county sheriff's department. The consolidated law enforcement department must be a division of the department of public safety under the direction and control of a director of public safety.
    (b) The city-county legislative body may not adopt an ordinance under this section unless it first:
        (1) holds a public hearing on the proposed consolidation; and
        (2) determines that:
            (A) reasonable and adequate police protection can be provided through the consolidation; and
            (B) the consolidation is in the public interest.
    (c) If an ordinance is adopted under this section, the consolidation

shall take effect on the date specified in the ordinance.
    (d) Notwithstanding any other law, an ordinance adopted under this section must provide that the county sheriff's department shall be responsible for all the following for the consolidated city and the county under the direction and control of the sheriff:
        (1) County jail operations and facilities.
        (2) Emergency communications.
        (3) Security for buildings and property owned by:
            (A) the consolidated city;
            (B) the county; or
            (C) both the consolidated city and county.
        (4) Service of civil process and collection of taxes under tax warrants.
        (5) Sex and violent offender registration.
    (e) The following apply if an ordinance is adopted under this section:
        (1) The department of local government finance shall adjust the maximum permissible ad valorem property tax levy of the consolidated city and the county for property taxes first due and payable in the year a consolidation takes effect under this section. When added together, the adjustments under this subdivision must total zero (0).
        (2) The ordinance must specify which law enforcement officers of the police department and which law enforcement officers of the county sheriff's department shall be law enforcement officers of the consolidated law enforcement department.
        (3) The ordinance may not prohibit the providing of law enforcement services for an excluded city under an interlocal agreement under IC 36-1-7.
        (4) A member of the county police force who:
            (A) was an employee beneficiary of the sheriff's pension trust before the consolidation of the law enforcement departments; and
            (B) after the consolidation becomes a law enforcement officer of the consolidated law enforcement department;
        remains an employee beneficiary of the sheriff's pension trust. The member retains, after the consolidation, credit in the sheriff's pension trust for service earned while a member of the county police force and continues to earn service credit in the sheriff's pension trust as a member of the consolidated law enforcement department for purposes of determining the member's benefits from the sheriff's pension trust.
        (5) A member of the police department of the consolidated city who:
            (A) was a member of the 1953 fund or the 1977 fund before the consolidation of the law enforcement departments; and
            (B) after the consolidation becomes a law enforcement officer of the consolidated law enforcement department;
        remains a member of the 1953 fund or the 1977 fund. The member retains, after the consolidation, credit in the 1953 fund

or the 1977 fund for service earned while a member of the police department of the consolidated city and continues to earn service credit in the 1953 fund or the 1977 fund as a member of the consolidated law enforcement department for purposes of determining the member's benefits from the 1953 fund or the 1977 fund.
        (6) The ordinance must designate the merit system that shall apply to the law enforcement officers of the consolidated law enforcement department.
        (7) The ordinance must designate who shall serve as a coapplicant for a warrant or an extension of a warrant under IC 35-33.5-2.
        (8) The consolidated city may levy property taxes within the consolidated city's maximum permissible ad valorem property tax levy limit to provide for the payment of the expenses for the operation of the consolidated law enforcement department. The police special service district established under section 6 of this chapter may levy property taxes to provide for the payment of expenses for the operation of the consolidated law enforcement department within the territory of the police special service district. Property taxes to fund the pension obligation under IC 36-8-7.5 may be levied only by the police special service district within the police special service district. The consolidated city may not levy property taxes to fund the pension obligation under IC 36-8-7.5. Property taxes to fund the pension obligation under IC 36-8-8 for members of the 1977 police officers' and firefighters' pension and disability fund who were members of the police department of the consolidated city on the effective date of the consolidation may be levied only by the police special service district within the police special service district. Property taxes to fund the pension obligation under IC 36-8-10 for members of the sheriff's pension trust and under IC 36-8-8 for members of the 1977 police officers' and firefighters' pension and disability fund who were not members of the police department of the consolidated city on the effective date of the consolidation may be levied by the consolidated city within the consolidated city's maximum permissible ad valorem property tax levy. The assets of the consolidated city's 1953 fund and the assets of the sheriff's pension trust may not be pledged after the effective date of the consolidation as collateral for any loan.
        (9) The executive of the consolidated city shall provide for an independent evaluation and performance audit, due before March 1 of the year following the adoption of the consolidation ordinance and for the following two (2) years, to determine:
            (A) the amount of any cost savings, operational efficiencies, or improved service levels; and
            (B) any tax shifts among taxpayers;
        that result from the consolidation. The independent evaluation and performance audit must be provided to the legislative

council in an electronic format under IC 5-14-6 and to the budget committee.
As added by P.L.227-2005, SEC.17. Amended by P.L.1-2006, SEC.559; P.L.216-2007, SEC.54; P.L.182-2009(ss), SEC.400; P.L.266-2013, SEC.5.

IC 36-3-1-6
Special service districts; special taxing districts
    
Sec. 6. (a) When a first class city becomes a consolidated city, the following special service districts of the consolidated city are created:
        (1) Fire special service district.
        (2) Police special service district.
        (3) Solid waste collection special service district.
    (b) The territory of each special service district includes all the territory that comprised the district as of August 31, 1981, subject to IC 36-3-2-3(b).
    (c) When a first class city becomes a consolidated city, all of the following special taxing districts existing in the city continue as special taxing districts of the consolidated city including the following territory:
        (1) Flood control district, including all the territory in the county.
        (2) Park district, including all the territory in the county.
        (3) Redevelopment district, including all the territory in the consolidated city.
        (4) Sanitary district, including all the territory that comprised the district as of August 31, 1981.
        (5) Waste disposal district, including all the territory that comprised the district as of August 31, 1981.
In addition, a metropolitan thoroughfare district, including all the territory in the county, is created as a special taxing district of the consolidated city.
    (d) The territory of each special taxing district is subject to IC 36-3-2-3(b).
As added by Acts 1980, P.L.212, SEC.2. Amended by Acts 1981, P.L.17, SEC.15; Acts 1982, P.L.77, SEC.4.

IC 36-3-1-6.1
Consolidation of fire departments
    
Sec..6.1. (a) This section applies only in a county containing a consolidated city. If the requirements of subsection (g) are satisfied, the fire departments of the following are consolidated into the fire department of a consolidated city (referred to as "the consolidated fire department"):
        (1) A township for which the consolidation is approved by the township legislative body and trustee and the legislative body and mayor of the consolidated city.
        (2) Any fire protection territory established under IC 36-8-19 that is located in a township described in subdivision (1).


    (b) If the requirements of subsection (g) are satisfied, the consolidated fire department shall provide fire protection services within an entity described in subsection (a)(1) or (a)(2) in which the requirements of subsection (g) are satisfied on the date agreed to in the resolution of the township legislative body and the ordinance of the legislative body of the consolidated city.
    (c) If the requirements of subsection (g) are satisfied and the fire department of an entity listed in subsection (a) is consolidated into the fire department of the consolidated city, all of the property, equipment, records, rights, and contracts of the department consolidated into the fire department of the consolidated city are:
        (1) transferred to; or
        (2) assumed by;
the consolidated city on the effective date of the consolidation. However, real property other than real property used as a fire station may be transferred only on terms mutually agreed to by the legislative body and mayor of the consolidated city and the trustee and legislative body of the township in which that real property is located.
    (d) If the requirements of subsection (g) are satisfied and the fire department of an entity listed in subsection (a) is consolidated into the fire department of the consolidated city, the employees of the fire department consolidated into the fire department of the consolidated city cease employment with the department of the entity listed in subsection (a) and become employees of the consolidated fire department on the effective date of the consolidation. The consolidated city shall assume all agreements with labor organizations that:
        (1) are in effect on the effective date of the consolidation; and
        (2) apply to employees of the department consolidated into the fire department of the consolidated city who become employees of the consolidated fire department.
    (e) If the requirements of subsection (g) are satisfied and the fire department of an entity listed in subsection (a) is consolidated into the fire department of a consolidated city, the indebtedness related to fire protection services incurred before the effective date of the consolidation by the entity or a building, holding, or leasing corporation on behalf of the entity whose fire department is consolidated into the consolidated fire department under subsection (a) shall remain the debt of the entity and does not become and may not be assumed by the consolidated city. Indebtedness related to fire protection services that is incurred by the consolidated city before the effective date of the consolidation shall remain the debt of the consolidated city and property taxes levied to pay the debt may only be levied by the fire special service district.
    (f) If the requirements of subsection (g) are satisfied and the fire department of an entity listed in subsection (a) is consolidated into the fire department of a consolidated city, the merit board and the merit system of the fire department that is consolidated are dissolved on the effective date of the consolidation, and the duties of the merit

board are transferred to and assumed by the merit board for the consolidated fire department on the effective date of the consolidation.
    (g) A township legislative body, after approval by the township trustee, may adopt a resolution approving the consolidation of the township's fire department with the fire department of the consolidated city. A township legislative body may adopt a resolution under this subsection only after the township legislative body has held a public hearing concerning the proposed consolidation. The township legislative body shall hold the hearing not earlier than thirty (30) days after the date the resolution is introduced. The hearing shall be conducted in accordance with IC 5-14-1.5 and notice of the hearing shall be published in accordance with IC 5-3-1. If the township legislative body has adopted a resolution under this subsection, the township legislative body shall, after approval from the township trustee, forward the resolution to the legislative body of the consolidated city. If such a resolution is forwarded to the legislative body of the consolidated city and the legislative body of the consolidated city adopts an ordinance, approved by the mayor of the consolidated city, approving the consolidation of the fire department of the township into the fire department of the consolidated city, the requirements of this subsection are satisfied. The consolidation shall take effect on the date agreed to by the township legislative body in its resolution and by the legislative body of the consolidated city in its ordinance approving the consolidation.
    (h) The following apply if the requirements of subsection (g) are satisfied:
        (1) The consolidation of the fire department of that township is effective on the date agreed to by the township legislative body in the resolution and by the legislative body of the consolidated city in its ordinance approving the consolidation.
        (2) Notwithstanding any other provision, a firefighter:
            (A) who is a member of the 1977 fund before the effective date of a consolidation under this section; and
            (B) who, after the consolidation, becomes an employee of the fire department of a consolidated city under this section;
        remains a member of the 1977 fund without being required to meet the requirements under IC 36-8-8-19 and IC 36-8-8-21. The firefighter shall receive credit for any service as a member of the 1977 fund before the consolidation to determine the firefighter's eligibility for benefits under IC 36-8-8.
        (3) Notwithstanding any other provision, a firefighter:
            (A) who is a member of the 1937 fund before the effective date of a consolidation under this section; and
            (B) who, after the consolidation, becomes an employee of the fire department of a consolidated city under this section;
        remains a member of the 1937 fund. The firefighter shall receive credit for any service as a member of the 1937 fund before the consolidation to determine the firefighter's eligibility

for benefits under IC 36-8-7.
        (4) For property taxes first due and payable in the year in which the consolidation is effective, the maximum permissible ad valorem property tax levy under IC 6-1.1-18.5:
            (A) is increased for the consolidated city by an amount equal to the maximum permissible ad valorem property tax levy in the year preceding the year in which the consolidation is effective for fire protection and related services by the township whose fire department is consolidated into the fire department of the consolidated city under this section; and
            (B) is reduced for the township whose fire department is consolidated into the fire department of the consolidated city under this section by the amount equal to the maximum permissible ad valorem property tax levy in the year preceding the year in which the consolidation is effective for fire protection and related services for the township.
        (5) The amount levied in the year preceding the year in which the consolidation is effective by the township whose fire department is consolidated into the fire department of the consolidated city for the township's cumulative building and equipment fund for fire protection and related services is transferred on the effective date of the consolidation to the consolidated city's cumulative building and equipment fund for fire protection and related services, which is hereby established. The consolidated city is exempted from the requirements of IC 36-8-14 and IC 6-1.1-41 regarding establishment of the cumulative building and equipment fund for fire protection and related services.
        (6) The local boards for the 1937 firefighters' pension fund and the 1977 police officers' and firefighters' pension and disability fund of the township are dissolved, and their services are terminated not later than the effective date of the consolidation. The duties performed by the local boards under IC 36-8-7 and IC 36-8-8, respectively, are assumed by the consolidated city's local board for the 1937 firefighters' pension fund and local board for the 1977 police officers' and firefighters' pension and disability fund, respectively. Notwithstanding any other provision, the legislative body of the consolidated city may adopt an ordinance to adjust the membership of the consolidated city's local board to reflect the consolidation.
        (7) The consolidated city may levy property taxes within the consolidated city's maximum permissible ad valorem property tax levy limit to provide for the payment of the expenses for the operation of the consolidated fire department. However, property taxes to fund the pension obligation under IC 36-8-7 for members of the 1937 firefighters fund who were employees of the consolidated city at the time of the consolidation may be levied only by the fire special service district within the fire special service district. The fire special service district established under IC 36-3-1-6 may levy property taxes to

provide for the payment of expenses for the operation of the consolidated fire department within the territory of the fire special service district. Property taxes to fund the pension obligation under IC 36-8-8 for members of the 1977 police officers' and firefighters' pension and disability fund who were members of the fire department of the consolidated city on the effective date of the consolidation may be levied only by the fire special service district within the fire special service district. Property taxes to fund the pension obligation for members of the 1937 firefighters fund who were not members of the fire department of the consolidated city on the effective date of the consolidation and members of the 1977 police officers' and firefighters' pension and disability fund who were not members of the fire department of the consolidated city on the effective date of the consolidation may be levied by the consolidated city within the city's maximum permissible ad valorem property tax levy. However, these taxes may be levied only within the fire special service district and any townships that have consolidated fire departments under this section.
        (8) The executive of the consolidated city shall provide for an independent evaluation and performance audit, due before March 1 of the year in which the consolidation is effective and before March 1 in each of the following two (2) years, to determine:
            (A) the amount of any cost savings, operational efficiencies, or improved service levels; and
            (B) any tax shifts among taxpayers;
        that result from the consolidation. The independent evaluation and performance audit must be provided to the legislative council in an electronic format under IC 5-14-6 and to the state budget committee.
As added by P.L.227-2005, SEC.18. Amended by P.L.1-2006, SEC.560.

IC 36-3-1-6.2
Emergency ambulance services
    
Sec..6.2. (a) If a consolidated fire department is established under section 6.1 of this chapter, the consolidated city, through the consolidated fire department, shall after the consolidation establish, operate, and maintain emergency ambulance services (as defined in IC.16-18-2-107) in the fire special service district and in those townships in the county that are consolidated under section 6.1 of this chapter.
    (b) This section does not prohibit the providing of emergency ambulance services under an interlocal agreement under IC 36-1-7.
As added by P.L.227-2005, SEC.19.

IC 36-3-1-7
Excluded cities; included towns
    
Sec. 7. (a) A municipality, other than a first class city, having a

population of more than five thousand (5,000) in the county is known as an excluded city and does not become part of the consolidated city under this chapter. In addition, a municipality that had qualified as an excluded city before January 1, 1973, under IC 18-4-1-2(d) (repealed September 1, 1981), is considered an excluded city. Any other municipality is known as an included town and does become part of the consolidated city under this chapter.
    (b) This article applies to any part of an included town that is inside the county boundaries, even though part of it is outside those boundaries.
As added by Acts 1980, P.L.212, SEC.2. Amended by P.L.3-1990, SEC.124.

IC 36-3-1-8
Transfer of functions and obligations
    
Sec. 8. (a) When a first class city becomes a consolidated city, the agencies of the first class city are abolished and their functions are assigned to agencies of the consolidated city as provided by this title. When these functions are transferred in this manner, the property, records, personnel, rights, and liabilities related to the functions are likewise transferred, except that the city-county legislative body may, by ordinance, provide that they be transferred to a different agency.
    (b) Notwithstanding subsection (a), these obligations are transferred as follows when a first class city becomes a consolidated city:
        (1) Bonds and other indebtedness of a special taxing district, to the special taxing district that continues to have the function of the district on account of which the bonds and indebtedness were issued.
        (2) Bonds and other indebtedness relating to a function transferred to a special service district, to the consolidated city.
        (3) Any other bonds and other indebtedness of, or assumed by, the first class city, to the consolidated city.
As added by Acts 1980, P.L.212, SEC.2.

IC 36-3-1-9
Ordinances; application; disposition
    
Sec. 9. (a) When a first class city becomes a consolidated city, every ordinance of:
        (1) the first class city;
        (2) the county;
        (3) a mass transportation authority of the county; or
        (4) any other municipal corporation the functions of which are transferred to the consolidated city by this title;
becomes an ordinance of the consolidated city and shall be enforced only by the consolidated city.
    (b) Such an ordinance continues to apply only in the territory in which it applied before becoming an ordinance of the consolidated city, subject to subsection (c).
    (c) Such an ordinance may be codified, amended, or repealed by

the city-county legislative body in the same manner as other ordinances under this title.
As added by Acts 1980, P.L.212, SEC.2.

IC 36-3-1-10
Annexation proceedings pending; continuation; expansion effect
    
Sec. 10. If any annexation proceedings concerning territory inside the county are pending when a first class city becomes a consolidated city, the annexation proceedings shall be continued as if this chapter did not apply. However, if the annexation later takes effect, the following provisions apply:
        (1) If the annexation is by the first class city, it has the effect of expanding the special service districts created by section 6 of this chapter.
        (2) If the annexation is by another municipality in the county, it has the effect of expanding the municipality as an excluded city or included town.
As added by Acts 1980, P.L.212, SEC.2.

IC 36-3-1-11
Effect of change on political subdivisions in county; continuation of powers and rights
    
Sec. 11. Political subdivisions in the county are not affected when a first class city becomes a consolidated city, except to the extent that this title limits their functions or transfers them to the consolidated city. Such a political subdivision continues to have:
        (1) the power to levy and collect property taxes in furtherance of functions not transferred to the consolidated city; and
        (2) if applicable, the power to adopt and enforce ordinances prescribing a penalty for violation.
In addition, an excluded city or included town continues to have the right to receive distributions of revenues collected by the state, in the manner prescribed by statute, including distributions from the motor vehicle highway account, the cigarette tax fund, alcoholic beverage fees, and other tax revenues.
As added by Acts 1980, P.L.212, SEC.2.

IC 36-3-1-12
Alteration of status, boundaries, or ordinances of political subdivisions
    
Sec. 12. This chapter does not alter the status, boundaries, or ordinances of political subdivisions in a county where a first class city became a consolidated city before September 1, 1981. The status, boundaries, and ordinances remain as they existed on August 31, 1981, until altered according to the applicable law.
As added by Acts 1980, P.L.212, SEC.2.