Information Maintained by the Office of Code Revision Indiana Legislative Services Agency
IC 32-28-12.5
     Chapter 12.5. Commercial Real Estate Broker Liens

IC 32-28-12.5-1
"Commercial real estate"
    
Sec. 1. As used in this chapter, "commercial real estate" means any real estate other than:
        (1) real estate containing one (1) to four (4) residential units;
        (2) real estate on which no buildings or structures are located and that is zoned for single family residential use; or
        (3) single family residential units such as:
            (A) condominiums;
            (B) townhouses; or
            (C) homes in a subdivision when sold, leased, or otherwise conveyed on a unit-by-unit basis, even if those units are part of a larger building or parcel or real estate containing more than four (4) residential units.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1.

IC 32-28-12.5-2 Version a
"Fees or commissions"
    
Note: This version of section effective until 7-1-2014. See also following version of this section, effective 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 2. As used in this chapter, "fees or commissions" means compensation owed to a principal broker for performing services requiring a license under IC 25-34.1-3-2.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1.

IC 32-28-12.5-2 Version b
"Fees or commissions"
    
Note: This version of section effective 7-1-2014. See also preceding version of this section, effective until 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 2. As used in this chapter, "fees or commissions" means compensation owed to a managing broker for performing services requiring a license under IC 25-34.1-3-2.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1. Amended by P.L.127-2012, SEC.49.

IC 32-28-12.5-3 Version a
"Principal broker"
    
Note: This version of section effective until 7-1-2014. See also following version of this section, effective 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 3. As used in this chapter, "principal broker" has the meaning set forth in IC 25-34.1-1-2.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1.

IC 32-28-12.5-3 Version b
"Managing broker"
    
Note: This version of section effective 7-1-2014. See also preceding version of this section, effective until 7-1-2014.


    Sec. 3. As used in this chapter, "managing broker" has the meaning set forth in IC 25-34.1-1-2.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1. Amended by P.L.127-2012, SEC.50.

IC 32-28-12.5-4
"Real estate"
    
Sec. 4. As used in this chapter, "real estate" has the meaning set forth in IC 25-34.1-1-2.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1.

IC 32-28-12.5-5 Version a
Principal broker's lien on commercial real estate; fees due under written agreement, contract, or instrument
    
Note: This version of section effective until 7-1-2014. See also following version of this section, effective 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 5. A principal broker may have a lien upon commercial real estate, or any interest in commercial real estate, that is the subject of a purchase, a lease, or other conveyance to a buyer or tenant, in the amount that the principal broker is due for licensed services, including brokerage fees, consulting fees, and management fees due the principal broker under a written agreement, a contract, or another written instrument:
        (1) signed by:
            (A) the owner of an interest in the commercial real estate or by the owner's authorized agent; or
            (B) a prospective buyer or prospective tenant, or by the buyer's or tenant's authorized agent; and
        (2) entered into after June 30, 2006.
A lien under this chapter is available to the principal broker named in the written agreement, contract, or other written instrument signed by the owner, buyer, or tenant, or their respective agents, and not to an employee or independent contractor of the principal broker.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1.

IC 32-28-12.5-5 Version b
Managing broker lien on commercial real estate, fees due under written agreement, contract, or instrument
    
Note: This version of section effective 7-1-2014. See also preceding version of this section, effective until 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 5. A managing broker may have a lien upon commercial real estate, or any interest in commercial real estate, that is the subject of a purchase, a lease, or other conveyance to a buyer or tenant, in the amount that the managing broker is due for licensed services, including brokerage fees, consulting fees, and management fees due the managing broker under a written agreement, a contract, or another written instrument:
        (1) signed by:
            (A) the owner of an interest in the commercial real estate or by the owner's authorized agent; or


            (B) a prospective buyer or prospective tenant, or by the buyer's or tenant's authorized agent; and
        (2) entered into after June 30, 2006.
A lien under this chapter is available to the managing broker named in the written agreement, contract, or other written instrument signed by the owner, buyer, or tenant, or their respective agents, and not to an employee or independent contractor of the managing broker.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1. Amended by P.L.127-2012, SEC.51.

IC 32-28-12.5-6 Version a
Attachment of lien; notice of lien; date of recording
    
Note: This version of section effective until 7-1-2014. See also following version of this section, effective 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 6. (a) A lien under this chapter attaches to commercial real estate or an interest in commercial real estate upon:
        (1) the principal broker being entitled to fees or commissions under a written agreement, a contract, or another instrument signed by the owner, buyer, or tenant of the commercial real estate, or by an authorized agent of the owner, buyer, or tenant; and
        (2) except as provided in sections 8 and 9 of this chapter, the principal broker recording a notice of lien in the office of the recorder of the county in which the commercial real estate or an interest in the commercial real estate is located:
            (A) before the recording of the deed for the actual conveyance or transfer of the commercial real estate against which the broker is claiming a lien, if the principal broker claims fees or commissions from the party conveying or transferring an interest in the commercial real estate; or
            (B) not later than ninety (90) days after the recording of the deed or other instrument for the purchase or other conveyance or transfer of the commercial real estate, if the principal broker claims fees or commissions from the party receiving a conveyance or transfer of an interest in the commercial real estate.
    (b) A lien under this chapter attaches on the date of the recording of the notice of the lien under subsection (a)(2) and does not relate back to the date of the written agreement, contract, or other written instrument described in subsection (a)(1).
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1.

IC 32-28-12.5-6 Version b
Attachment of lien; notice of lien; date of recording
    
Note: This version of section effective 7-1-2014. See also preceding version of this section, effective until 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 6. (a) A lien under this chapter attaches to commercial real estate or an interest in commercial real estate upon:
        (1) the managing broker being entitled to fees or commissions under a written agreement, a contract, or another instrument

signed by the owner, buyer, or tenant of the commercial real estate, or by an authorized agent of the owner, buyer, or tenant; and
        (2) except as provided in sections 8 and 9 of this chapter, the managing broker recording a notice of lien in the office of the recorder of the county in which the commercial real estate or an interest in the commercial real estate is located:
            (A) before the recording of the deed for the actual conveyance or transfer of the commercial real estate against which the broker is claiming a lien, if the managing broker claims fees or commissions from the party conveying or transferring an interest in the commercial real estate; or
            (B) not later than ninety (90) days after the recording of the deed or other instrument for the purchase or other conveyance or transfer of the commercial real estate, if the managing broker claims fees or commissions from the party receiving a conveyance or transfer of an interest in the commercial real estate.
    (b) A lien under this chapter attaches on the date of the recording of the notice of the lien under subsection (a)(2) and does not relate back to the date of the written agreement, contract, or other written instrument described in subsection (a)(1).
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1. Amended by P.L.127-2012, SEC.52.

IC 32-28-12.5-7 Version a
Sale of commercial real estate; notice of closing; preservation of right to file lien; owner's certification at closing
    
Note: This version of section effective until 7-1-2014. See also following version of this section, effective 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 7. (a) This section does not apply:
        (1) to fees or commissions that arise from a lease, including fees or commissions for a sale of the property, lease expansions, or lease renewals;
        (2) if a principal broker's fees or commissions have been paid in full; or
        (3) if a principal broker waives the notice requirements of this section in writing.
    (b) Not later than ten (10) days before the planned closing of a transaction involving the sale of commercial real estate, the owner shall notify the following persons of the date of the closing, the time of the closing, the address of the closing, and of the name of the closing agent, title company, or title insurance agent:
        (1) One (1) or more principal brokers to whom the owner owes fees or commissions.
        (2) The closing agent, title company, or title insurance agent involved in the transaction.
Notice under this subsection shall be sent by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, or by another means of service authorized by the Indiana trial rules that provides proof that the

addressee has received the notice.
    (c) To exercise its rights under this chapter to file a lien after receipt of the notice under subsection (b), the principal broker must notify the closing agent, title company, or title insurance agent at the address in the notice of the amount of the fees or commissions owed before the time of the closing stated in the notice.
    (d) If the principal broker does not attend the closing of a transaction involving the sale of commercial real estate, the owner shall certify in writing at the closing, under the penalties of perjury:
        (1) that:
            (A) the owner has notified the principal broker in accordance with subsection (b); and
            (B) the principal broker received the notice; or
        (2) that the principal broker has been paid in full.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1.

IC 32-28-12.5-7 Version b
Sale of commercial real estate; notice of closing; preservation of right to file lien; owner's certification at closing
    
Note: This version of section effective 7-1-2014. See also preceding version of this section, effective until 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 7. (a) This section does not apply:
        (1) to fees or commissions that arise from a lease, including fees or commissions for a sale of the property, lease expansions, or lease renewals;
        (2) if a managing broker's fees or commissions have been paid in full; or
        (3) if a managing broker waives the notice requirements of this section in writing.
    (b) Not later than ten (10) days before the planned closing of a transaction involving the sale of commercial real estate, the owner shall notify the following persons of the date of the closing, the time of the closing, the address of the closing, and of the name of the closing agent, title company, or title insurance agent:
        (1) One (1) or more managing brokers to whom the owner owes fees or commissions.
        (2) The closing agent, title company, or title insurance agent involved in the transaction.
Notice under this subsection shall be sent by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, or by another means of service authorized by the Indiana trial rules that provides proof that the addressee has received the notice.
    (c) To exercise its rights under this chapter to file a lien after receipt of the notice under subsection (b), the managing broker must notify the closing agent, title company, or title insurance agent at the address in the notice of the amount of the fees or commissions owed before the time of the closing stated in the notice.
    (d) If the managing broker does not attend the closing of a transaction involving the sale of commercial real estate, the owner shall certify in writing at the closing, under the penalties of perjury:


        (1) that:
            (A) the owner has notified the managing broker in accordance with subsection (b); and
            (B) the managing broker received the notice; or
        (2) that the managing broker has been paid in full.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1. Amended by P.L.127-2012, SEC.53.

IC 32-28-12.5-8 Version a
Installment payments; recording notice of lien; single claim for lien; partial releases
    
Note: This version of section effective until 7-1-2014. See also following version of this section, effective 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 8. (a) This section applies to a transaction involving the conveyance or transfer of commercial real estate in which:
        (1) payment to a principal broker is due in installments; and
        (2) a part of the installment payments is due only after the conveyance or transfer of the commercial real estate involved in the transaction.
    (b) Subject to subsection (c), the principal broker may record a notice of lien for those payments described in subsection (a)(2) at any time after the transfer or conveyance, but not later than ninety (90) days after the date on which the payment is due. A notice of lien under this section is effective as a lien against the transferor's interest in the commercial real estate only to the extent consideration is still owed to the transferor by the transferee. However, the lien is effective against the transferee's interest in the commercial real estate without the limitation described in this subsection.
    (c) A single claim for a lien recorded:
        (1) before the transfer or conveyance of the commercial real estate; and
        (2) with respect to all payments due in installments;
is valid and enforceable with respect to payments due after the transfer or conveyance. However, as payments or partial payments of fees or commissions are received by the principal broker, the principal broker shall, by providing partial releases with respect to those payments, reduce the amount due the principal broker under the notice of lien described in this subsection.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1.

IC 32-28-12.5-8 Version b
Installment payments; recording notice of lien; single claim for lien; partial releases
    
Note: This version of section effective 7-1-2014. See also preceding version of this section, effective until 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 8. (a) This section applies to a transaction involving the conveyance or transfer of commercial real estate in which:
        (1) payment to a managing broker is due in installments; and
        (2) a part of the installment payments is due only after the conveyance or transfer of the commercial real estate involved

in the transaction.
    (b) Subject to subsection (c), the managing broker may record a notice of lien for those payments described in subsection (a)(2) at any time after the transfer or conveyance, but not later than ninety (90) days after the date on which the payment is due. A notice of lien under this section is effective as a lien against the transferor's interest in the commercial real estate only to the extent consideration is still owed to the transferor by the transferee. However, the lien is effective against the transferee's interest in the commercial real estate without the limitation described in this subsection.
    (c) A single claim for a lien recorded:
        (1) before the transfer or conveyance of the commercial real estate; and
        (2) with respect to all payments due in installments;
is valid and enforceable with respect to payments due after the transfer or conveyance. However, as payments or partial payments of fees or commissions are received by the managing broker, the managing broker shall, by providing partial releases with respect to those payments, reduce the amount due the managing broker under the notice of lien described in this subsection.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1. Amended by P.L.127-2012, SEC.54.

IC 32-28-12.5-9 Version a
Lease of commercial real estate; recording of notice of lien; future fees or commissions; memorandum of lien; action to foreclose; sale or conveyance before fees become due
    
Note: This version of section effective until 7-1-2014. See also following version of this section, effective 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 9. (a) Subject to subsection (b), in the case of a lease of commercial real estate, including a sublease or an assignment of a lease, the notice of a lien under this chapter must be recorded not later than ninety (90) days after the tenant takes possession of the leased premises. However, if:
        (1) the transferor personally serves, on the principal broker entitled to claim a lien, written notice of the intended execution of the lease; and
        (2) the notice described in subdivision (1) is served not later than ten (10) days before the date of the intended execution of the lease;
the principal broker's notice of lien must be recorded before the date indicated in the notice described in subdivision (1) for the execution of the lease. The lien attaches on the recording of the notice of lien and does not relate back to the date of the written agreement, contract, or written instrument under which the principal broker is entitled to fees or commissions.
    (b) As used in this subsection, "future fees or commissions" refers to fees or commissions:
        (1) other than those fees or commissions due to a principal broker upon the execution of a lease under subsection (a); or


        (2) due to the principal broker upon the exercise of an option to:
            (A) expand the leased premises;
            (B) renew or extend a lease; or
            (C) purchase the commercial real estate;
under a written agreement, a contract, or another written instrument signed by the owner or tenant of the commercial real estate. The principal broker may record a memorandum of lien at any time after execution of the lease or other written agreement, contract, or written instrument that contains rights to future fees or commissions. The principal broker shall record a notice of lien no later than ninety (90) days after the occurrence of a condition for which future fees or commissions are claimed, but may not file a notice of lien against an owner's property if the tenant is the sole party liable for payment of the future fees or commissions. Except as provided in section 11(a) or 13(b) of this chapter, an action to foreclose a lien to collect future fees or commissions must be commenced not later than one (1) year after the recording of the notice of the lien. A memorandum of lien recorded under this chapter must meet the requirements of section 12(1)(A), 12(1)(B), 12(1)(C), 12(1)(E), 12(2), 12(3), and 12(4) of this chapter. A memorandum of lien shall not constitute a lien against the real estate but shall provide notice of the right to future fees or commissions.
    (c) If:
        (1) commercial real estate is sold or otherwise conveyed before the date on which future fees or commissions are due; and
        (2) the principal broker has recorded a valid memorandum of lien or notice of lien before the sale or other conveyance of the commercial real estate;
the purchaser or transferee is considered to have notice of and takes title to the commercial real estate subject to the right to future fees or commissions and, if applicable, notice of lien. However, if a principal broker claiming future fees or commissions fails to record a memorandum of lien or notice of lien for the future fees or commissions before the recording of a deed conveying legal title to the commercial real estate to the purchaser or transferee, the principal broker may not claim a lien on the commercial real estate. This subsection does not limit or otherwise affect claims or defenses a principal broker or owner or any other party may have in law or equity.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1. Amended by P.L.1-2007, SEC.212.

IC 32-28-12.5-9 Version b
Lease of commercial real estate; recording of notice of lien; future fees or commissions; memorandum of lien; action to foreclose; sale or conveyance before fees become due
    
Note: This version of section effective 7-1-2014. See also preceding version of this section, effective until 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 9. (a) Subject to subsection (b), in the case of a lease of commercial real estate, including a sublease or an assignment of a lease, the notice of a lien under this chapter must be recorded not

later than ninety (90) days after the tenant takes possession of the leased premises. However, if:
        (1) the transferor personally serves, on the managing broker entitled to claim a lien, written notice of the intended execution of the lease; and
        (2) the notice described in subdivision (1) is served not later than ten (10) days before the date of the intended execution of the lease;
the managing broker's notice of lien must be recorded before the date indicated in the notice described in subdivision (1) for the execution of the lease. The lien attaches on the recording of the notice of lien and does not relate back to the date of the written agreement, contract, or written instrument under which the managing broker is entitled to fees or commissions.
    (b) As used in this subsection, "future fees or commissions" refers to fees or commissions:
        (1) other than those fees or commissions due to a managing broker upon the execution of a lease under subsection (a); or
        (2) due to the managing broker upon the exercise of an option to:
            (A) expand the leased premises;
            (B) renew or extend a lease; or
            (C) purchase the commercial real estate;
under a written agreement, a contract, or another written instrument signed by the owner or tenant of the commercial real estate. The managing broker may record a memorandum of lien at any time after execution of the lease or other written agreement, contract, or written instrument that contains rights to future fees or commissions. The managing broker shall record a notice of lien no later than ninety (90) days after the occurrence of a condition for which future fees or commissions are claimed, but may not file a notice of lien against an owner's property if the tenant is the sole party liable for payment of the future fees or commissions. Except as provided in section 11(a) or 13(b) of this chapter, an action to foreclose a lien to collect future fees or commissions must be commenced not later than one (1) year after the recording of the notice of the lien. A memorandum of lien recorded under this chapter must meet the requirements of section 12(1)(A), 12(1)(B), 12(1)(C), 12(1)(E), 12(2), 12(3), and 12(4) of this chapter. A memorandum of lien shall not constitute a lien against the real estate but shall provide notice of the right to future fees or commissions.
    (c) If:
        (1) commercial real estate is sold or otherwise conveyed before the date on which future fees or commissions are due; and
        (2) the managing broker has recorded a valid memorandum of lien or notice of lien before the sale or other conveyance of the commercial real estate;
the purchaser or transferee is considered to have notice of and takes title to the commercial real estate subject to the right to future fees or commissions and, if applicable, notice of lien. However, if a

managing broker claiming future fees or commissions fails to record a memorandum of lien or notice of lien for the future fees or commissions before the recording of a deed conveying legal title to the commercial real estate to the purchaser or transferee, the managing broker may not claim a lien on the commercial real estate. This subsection does not limit or otherwise affect claims or defenses a managing broker or owner or any other party may have in law or equity.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1. Amended by P.L.1-2007, SEC.212; P.L.127-2012, SEC.55.

IC 32-28-12.5-10 Version a
Notice of lien; service on owner; mailing or personal service
    
Note: This version of section effective until 7-1-2014. See also following version of this section, effective 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 10. A principal broker shall, not later than ten (10) days after recording a notice of lien under this chapter, personally serve or mail, by registered or certified mail, a copy of the notice of lien to the owner of record of the commercial real estate, or to the agent of the owner of record, at the address of the owner stated in the written agreement, contract, or other written instrument on which the claim for the lien is based. If the address of the owner or the owner's agent is not stated, the principal broker shall personally serve or mail, by registered or certified mail, a copy of the notice of the lien to the address where real estate taxes are sent for the commercial real estate on which the claim of lien is based. Mailing of the copy of the notice of lien is effective when deposited in the United States mail with postage prepaid. Personal service of the notice of the lien is effective upon receipt by the owner or the agent of the owner of record. A principal broker's lien is unenforceable if mailing or service of the copy of notice of lien does not occur at the time and in the manner required by this section.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1.

IC 32-28-12.5-10 Version b
Notice of lien; service on owner; mailing or personal service
    
Note: This version of section effective 7-1-2014. See also preceding version of this section, effective until 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 10. A managing broker shall, not later than ten (10) days after recording a notice of lien under this chapter, personally serve or mail, by registered or certified mail, a copy of the notice of lien to the owner of record of the commercial real estate, or to the agent of the owner of record, at the address of the owner stated in the written agreement, contract, or other written instrument on which the claim for the lien is based. If the address of the owner or the owner's agent is not stated, the managing broker shall personally serve or mail, by registered or certified mail, a copy of the notice of the lien to the address where real estate taxes are sent for the commercial real estate on which the claim of lien is based. Mailing of the copy of the notice of lien is effective when deposited in the United States mail with

postage prepaid. Personal service of the notice of the lien is effective upon receipt by the owner or the agent of the owner of record. A managing broker's lien is unenforceable if mailing or service of the copy of notice of lien does not occur at the time and in the manner required by this section.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1. Amended by P.L.127-2012, SEC.56.

IC 32-28-12.5-11 Version a
Foreclosure of lien; procedures; contents of complaint
    
Note: This version of section effective until 7-1-2014. See also following version of this section, effective 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 11. (a) The principal broker claiming the lien shall, not later than one (1) year after recording the notice of the lien, commence proceedings to foreclose the lien. However, for future fees or commissions payable over a period in excess of one (1) year from the occurrence of a condition for which such future fees or commissions are claimed, the commencement of the suit must be within one (1) year of the latest date for which future fees or commissions are due. A principal broker's failure to commence proceedings within the time prescribed by this subsection extinguishes the lien and a subsequent notice of lien may not be given for the same claim, nor may that claim be asserted in any other proceedings under this chapter.
    (b) A principal broker claiming a lien based upon an option or other right to purchase or lease commercial real estate shall, not later than one (1) year after recording the notice of the lien, commence proceedings to foreclose the lien. A principal broker's failure to commence proceedings within the time prescribed by this subsection extinguishes the lien and a subsequent notice of lien may not be given for the same claim, nor may that claim be asserted in any other proceedings under this chapter.
    (c) The foreclosure of a lien recorded under this chapter shall be conducted under the same rules and same procedures applicable to the foreclosure of mortgages upon real estate. A complaint under this section must contain:
        (1) a brief statement of the written agreement, contract, or other written instrument that is the basis for the lien;
        (2) the date when the written agreement, contract, or other written instrument was made;
        (3) a description of the services performed by the principal broker;
        (4) the amount due and unpaid for the services described in subdivision (3);
        (5) a description of the commercial real estate subject to the notice of lien; and
        (6) other facts reasonably necessary to describe the rights of the parties.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1.

IC 32-28-12.5-11 Version b


Foreclosure of lien; procedures; contents of complaint
    
Note: This version of section effective 7-1-2014. See also preceding version of this section, effective until 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 11. (a) The managing broker claiming the lien shall, not later than one (1) year after recording the notice of the lien, commence proceedings to foreclose the lien. However, for future fees or commissions payable over a period in excess of one (1) year from the occurrence of a condition for which such future fees or commissions are claimed, the commencement of the suit must be within one (1) year of the latest date for which future fees or commissions are due. A managing broker's failure to commence proceedings within the time prescribed by this subsection extinguishes the lien and a subsequent notice of lien may not be given for the same claim, nor may that claim be asserted in any other proceedings under this chapter.
    (b) A managing broker claiming a lien based upon an option or other right to purchase or lease commercial real estate shall, not later than one (1) year after recording the notice of the lien, commence proceedings to foreclose the lien. A managing broker's failure to commence proceedings within the time prescribed by this subsection extinguishes the lien and a subsequent notice of lien may not be given for the same claim, nor may that claim be asserted in any other proceedings under this chapter.
    (c) The foreclosure of a lien recorded under this chapter shall be conducted under the same rules and same procedures applicable to the foreclosure of mortgages upon real estate. A complaint under this section must contain:
        (1) a brief statement of the written agreement, contract, or other written instrument that is the basis for the lien;
        (2) the date when the written agreement, contract, or other written instrument was made;
        (3) a description of the services performed by the managing broker;
        (4) the amount due and unpaid for the services described in subdivision (3);
        (5) a description of the commercial real estate subject to the notice of lien; and
        (6) other facts reasonably necessary to describe the rights of the parties.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1. Amended by P.L.127-2012, SEC.57.

IC 32-28-12.5-12 Version a
Notice of lien; contents; signature; verification
    
Note: This version of section effective until 7-1-2014. See also following version of this section, effective 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 12. A notice of lien recorded under this chapter must:
        (1) state:
            (A) the name of the claimant;
            (B) the name of the owner of the commercial real estate

upon which the lien is claimed;
            (C) a legal description of the commercial real estate upon which the lien is claimed;
            (D) the amount for which the lien is claimed; and
            (E) the license number of the principal broker's license under IC 25-34.1;
        (2) contain a statement that the information contained in the notice is true and accurate to the knowledge of the signatory;
        (3) be signed by the principal broker or by a person authorized to sign on behalf of the principal broker; and
        (4) be verified.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1.

IC 32-28-12.5-12 Version b
Notice of lien; contents; signature; verification
    
Note: This version of section effective 7-1-2014. See also preceding version of this section, effective until 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 12. A notice of lien recorded under this chapter must:
        (1) state:
            (A) the name of the claimant;
            (B) the name of the owner of the commercial real estate upon which the lien is claimed;
            (C) a legal description of the commercial real estate upon which the lien is claimed;
            (D) the amount for which the lien is claimed; and
            (E) the license number of the managing broker's license under IC 25-34.1;
        (2) contain a statement that the information contained in the notice is true and accurate to the knowledge of the signatory;
        (3) be signed by the managing broker or by a person authorized to sign on behalf of the managing broker; and
        (4) be verified.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1. Amended by P.L.127-2012, SEC.58.

IC 32-28-12.5-13 Version a
Release or satisfaction of memorandum or notice of lien; demand to bring suit or file answer
    
Note: This version of section effective until 7-1-2014. See also following version of this section, effective 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 13. (a) If:
        (1) a memorandum of lien or notice of lien has been recorded with the office of the recorder of the appropriate county; and
        (2) a condition occurs that would preclude the principal broker from receiving fees or commissions under the terms of the written agreement, contract, or other written instrument upon which the lien is based;
the principal broker shall provide to the owner of record of the commercial real estate, not later than ten (10) days after written demand by the owner of record, a written release or satisfaction of

the memorandum of lien or notice of lien.
    (b) Upon written demand:
        (1) served by the owner, buyer, or tenant described in section 5 of this chapter, or the authorized agent of the owner, buyer, or tenant described in section 5 of this chapter, on the principal broker claiming a lien under this chapter; and
        (2) requiring the principal broker to:
            (A) bring a suit to enforce the lien; or
            (B) file an answer in a pending suit;
the principal broker shall bring a suit or file an answer not later than thirty (30) days after service of the demand. If the principal broker does not bring a suit or file an answer within the time prescribed by this subsection, the lien is extinguished. The service of a written demand under this subsection may be made by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, or by personal service.
    (c) If:
        (1) a memorandum of lien or notice of lien under this chapter has been filed with the office of the recorder and the fees or commissions upon which the lien is based have been paid to the principal broker claiming the lien; or
        (2) the principal broker fails to institute a suit to enforce the lien within the time prescribed by this chapter;
the principal broker shall, not later than five (5) days after receipt of a written demand from the owner, buyer, or tenant described in section 5 of this chapter for a release or an acknowledgment of satisfaction of the memorandum or lien, acknowledge satisfaction or release of the memorandum or lien in writing.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1.

IC 32-28-12.5-13 Version b
Release or satisfaction of memorandum or notice of lien; demand to bring suit or file answer
    
Note: This version of section effective 7-1-2014. See also preceding version of this section, effective until 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 13. (a) If:
        (1) a memorandum of lien or notice of lien has been recorded with the office of the recorder of the appropriate county; and
        (2) a condition occurs that would preclude the managing broker from receiving fees or commissions under the terms of the written agreement, contract, or other written instrument upon which the lien is based;
the managing broker shall provide to the owner of record of the commercial real estate, not later than ten (10) days after written demand by the owner of record, a written release or satisfaction of the memorandum of lien or notice of lien.
    (b) Upon written demand:
        (1) served by the owner, buyer, or tenant described in section 5 of this chapter, or the authorized agent of the owner, buyer, or tenant described in section 5 of this chapter, on the managing broker claiming a lien under this chapter; and


        (2) requiring the managing broker to:
            (A) bring a suit to enforce the lien; or
            (B) file an answer in a pending suit;
the managing broker shall bring a suit or file an answer not later than thirty (30) days after service of the demand. If the managing broker does not bring a suit or file an answer within the time prescribed by this subsection, the lien is extinguished. The service of a written demand under this subsection may be made by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, or by personal service.
    (c) If:
        (1) a memorandum of lien or notice of lien under this chapter has been filed with the office of the recorder and the fees or commissions upon which the lien is based have been paid to the managing broker claiming the lien; or
        (2) the managing broker fails to institute a suit to enforce the lien within the time prescribed by this chapter;
the managing broker shall, not later than five (5) days after receipt of a written demand from the owner, buyer, or tenant described in section 5 of this chapter for a release or an acknowledgment of satisfaction of the memorandum or lien, acknowledge satisfaction or release of the memorandum or lien in writing.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1. Amended by P.L.127-2012, SEC.59.

IC 32-28-12.5-14 Version a
Alternative dispute resolution; forum; judgment; stay of foreclosure proceeding
    
Note: This version of section effective until 7-1-2014. See also following version of this section, effective 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 14. If the principal broker and the party from whom fees or commissions are claimed under this chapter agree to alternative dispute resolution, any claim under this chapter must be heard and resolved in the forum agreed to by the parties. The court before which a lien foreclosure proceeding is brought under this chapter retains jurisdiction to enter judgment on the award or other result made or reached under alternative dispute resolution proceedings with respect to all parties to the foreclosure. The principal broker's notice of lien remains of record and the foreclosure proceeding shall be stayed during the pendency of the alternative dispute resolution proceedings.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1.

IC 32-28-12.5-14 Version b
Alternative dispute resolution; forum; judgment; stay of foreclosure proceeding
    
Note: This version of section effective 7-1-2014. See also preceding version of this section, effective until 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 14. If the managing broker and the party from whom fees or commissions are claimed under this chapter agree to alternative dispute resolution, any claim under this chapter must be heard and

resolved in the forum agreed to by the parties. The court before which a lien foreclosure proceeding is brought under this chapter retains jurisdiction to enter judgment on the award or other result made or reached under alternative dispute resolution proceedings with respect to all parties to the foreclosure. The managing broker's notice of lien remains of record and the foreclosure proceeding shall be stayed during the pendency of the alternative dispute resolution proceedings.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1. Amended by P.L.127-2012, SEC.60.

IC 32-28-12.5-15
Cost of proceedings; apportionment
    
Sec. 15. The cost of proceedings brought under this chapter, including reasonable attorney's fees, costs, and prejudgment interest due to the prevailing party, shall be borne by the nonprevailing party. If more than one (1) party is responsible for costs, fees, and prejudgment interest, the costs, fees, and prejudgment interest shall be equitably apportioned by the court or alternative dispute resolution tribunal among the responsible parties.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1.

IC 32-28-12.5-16 Version a
Waiver of right to lien void
    
Note: This version of section effective until 7-1-2014. See also following version of this section, effective 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 16. Except for a waiver or release of a memorandum or lien provided in consideration of payment of the fees or commissions claimed by a principal broker under this chapter, or except as otherwise provided in section 13 of this chapter, any waiver of a principal broker's right to a lien on commercial property under this chapter is void.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1.

IC 32-28-12.5-16 Version b
Waiver of right to lien void
    
Note: This version of section effective 7-1-2014. See also preceding version of this section, effective until 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 16. Except for a waiver or release of a memorandum or lien provided in consideration of payment of the fees or commissions claimed by a managing broker under this chapter, or except as otherwise provided in section 13 of this chapter, any waiver of a managing broker's right to a lien on commercial property under this chapter is void.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1. Amended by P.L.127-2012, SEC.61.

IC 32-28-12.5-17
Prior recorded liens, mortgages, and encumbrances; priority
    
Sec. 17. Valid recorded liens, mortgages, and other encumbrances

that are recorded before a principal broker's notice of lien under this chapter have priority over a principal broker's lien under this chapter. Prior recorded liens, mortgages, and encumbrances that have priority under this section include:
        (1) a valid mechanic's lien that is recorded after a principal broker's notice of lien under this chapter, but that relates back to a date before the recording date of the principal broker's notice of lien; and
        (2) prior recorded liens securing revolving credit and future advances of construction loans.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1.

IC 32-28-12.5-18 Version a
Lien on funds in escrow account
    
Note: This version of section effective until 7-1-2014. See also following version of this section, effective 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 18. If:
        (1) a claim for a lien under this chapter has been filed with the office of the recorder of the county in which commercial real estate or any interest in commercial real estate is located; and
        (2) an escrow account is established among:
            (A) the one (1) or more parties allegedly responsible for payment of the fees or commissions on which the lien is based;
            (B) the principal broker that filed the lien; and
            (C) an independent third party as escrowee;
        from the proceeds of the conveyance, or from any other source of funds, in an amount that is at least one hundred ten percent (110%) of the amount of the lien claimed under this chapter;
the lien against the real estate is extinguished and becomes a lien on the funds contained in the escrow account. The establishment of an escrow account described in this section does not constitute cause for any party to refuse to close the transaction.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1.

IC 32-28-12.5-18 Version b
Lien on funds in escrow account
    
Note: This version of section effective 7-1-2014. See also preceding version of this section, effective until 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 18. If:
        (1) a claim for a lien under this chapter has been filed with the office of the recorder of the county in which commercial real estate or any interest in commercial real estate is located; and
        (2) an escrow account is established among:
            (A) the one (1) or more parties allegedly responsible for payment of the fees or commissions on which the lien is based;
            (B) the managing broker that filed the lien; and
            (C) an independent third party as escrowee;
        from the proceeds of the conveyance, or from any other source

of funds, in an amount that is at least one hundred ten percent (110%) of the amount of the lien claimed under this chapter;
the lien against the real estate is extinguished and becomes a lien on the funds contained in the escrow account. The establishment of an escrow account described in this section does not constitute cause for any party to refuse to close the transaction.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1. Amended by P.L.127-2012, SEC.62.

IC 32-28-12.5-19 Version a
Owner not providing required notice or certification at closing; civil action; damages; defenses
    
Note: This version of section effective until 7-1-2014. See also following version of this section, effective 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 19. (a) If any party, including a principal broker, buyer, or buyer's mortgagee suffers a pecuniary loss as the result of an owner's violation of the notice or certification provisions described in section 7 of this chapter, the party may bring a civil action against the owner for the following:
        (1) Actual damages.
        (2) The costs of the action.
        (3) Reasonable attorney's fees.
However, if the party establishes that the owner's violation of the notice or certification provisions was fraudulent, a court may award the party damages that do not exceed three (3) times actual damages.
    (b) It is a defense to an action brought under this section that the most recent address provided by the principal broker to the owner in the agreement, contract, or other written instrument, including a written instrument described in section 5 of this chapter, was incorrect, and as a result of the incorrect address, the principal broker did not receive the owner's notice described in section 7(b) of this chapter, and as a result the principal broker failed to provide the notice as required in section 7(c) of this chapter.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1.

IC 32-28-12.5-19 Version b
Owner not providing required notice or certification at closing; civil action; damages; defenses
    
Note: This version of section effective 7-1-2014. See also preceding version of this section, effective until 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 19. (a) If any party, including a managing broker, buyer, or buyer's mortgagee suffers a pecuniary loss as the result of an owner's violation of the notice or certification provisions described in section 7 of this chapter, the party may bring a civil action against the owner for the following:
        (1) Actual damages.
        (2) The costs of the action.
        (3) Reasonable attorney's fees.
However, if the party establishes that the owner's violation of the notice or certification provisions was fraudulent, a court may award

the party damages that do not exceed three (3) times actual damages.
    (b) It is a defense to an action brought under this section that the most recent address provided by the managing broker to the owner in the agreement, contract, or other written instrument, including a written instrument described in section 5 of this chapter, was incorrect, and as a result of the incorrect address, the principal broker did not receive the owner's notice described in section 7(b) of this chapter, and as a result the managing broker failed to provide the notice as required in section 7(c) of this chapter.
As added by P.L.78-2006, SEC.1. Amended by P.L.127-2012, SEC.63.