providing a second opinion to a licensee or diagnostic or
treatment services to a patient in Indiana following medical care
originally provided to the patient while outside Indiana.
(b) "Board" refers to the medical licensing board of Indiana.
(c) "Diagnose or diagnosis" means to examine a patient, parts of a patient's body, substances taken or removed from a patient's body, or materials produced by a patient's body to determine the source or nature of a disease or other physical or mental condition, or to hold oneself out or represent that a person is a physician and is so examining a patient. It is not necessary that the examination be made in the presence of the patient; it may be made on information supplied either directly or indirectly by the patient.
(d) "Drug or medicine" means any medicine, compound, or chemical or biological preparation intended for internal or external use of humans, and all substances intended to be used for the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, or prevention of diseases or abnormalities of humans, which are recognized in the latest editions published of the United States Pharmacopoeia or National Formulary, or otherwise established as a drug or medicine.
(e) "Licensee" means any individual holding a valid unlimited license issued by the board under this article.
(f) "Prescribe or prescription" means to direct, order, or designate the use of or manner of using a drug, medicine, or treatment, by spoken or written words or other means.
(g) "Physician" means any person who holds the degree of doctor of medicine or doctor of osteopathy or its equivalent and who holds a valid unlimited license to practice medicine or osteopathic medicine in Indiana.
(h) "Medical school" means a nationally accredited college of medicine or of osteopathic medicine approved by the board.
(i) "Physician assistant" means an individual who:
(1) is supervised by a physician;
(2) graduated from a physician assistant program accredited by an accrediting agency (as defined in IC 25-27.5-2-4.5);
(3) passed the examination administered by the National Commission on Certification of Physician Assistants (NCCPA) and maintains certification; and
(4) has been licensed by the physician assistant committee under IC 25-27.5.
(j) "Agency" refers to the Indiana professional licensing agency under IC 25-1-5.
As added by Acts 1978, P.L.8, SEC.13. Amended by Acts 1981, P.L.222, SEC.151; P.L.247-1985, SEC.1; P.L.169-1985, SEC.62; P.L.217-1993, SEC.2; P.L.180-1996, SEC.1; P.L.181-1997, SEC.1; P.L.1-2006, SEC.444; P.L.90-2007, SEC.3.
Sec. 1.2. As used in this article:
"Nursing school" includes a hospital nursing school, a nursing
program, and a nursing department of a postsecondary educational
institution. This shall include two (2), three (3), and four (4) year
programs of nursing education.
"Shortage area" is an area in which there is a less than adequate supply of physicians or nurses relative to the need for nursing or physician services.
As added by Acts 1981, P.L.227, SEC.1. Amended by P.L.247-1985, SEC.2; P.L.2-2007, SEC.327.
Sec. 2. (a) This article, as it relates to the unlawful or unauthorized practice of medicine or osteopathic medicine, does not apply to any of the following:
(1) A student in training in a medical school approved by the board, or while performing duties as an intern or a resident in a hospital under the supervision of the hospital's staff or in a program approved by the medical school.
(2) A person who renders service in case of emergency where no fee or other consideration is contemplated, charged, or received.
(3) A paramedic (as defined in IC 16-18-2-266), an advanced emergency medical technician (as defined in IC 16-18-2-6.5), an emergency medical technician (as defined in IC 16-18-2-112), or a person with equivalent certification from another state who renders advanced life support (as defined in IC 16-18-2-7), or basic life support (as defined in IC 16-18-2-33.5):
(A) during a disaster emergency declared by the governor under IC 10-14-3-12 in response to an act that the governor in good faith believes to be an act of terrorism (as defined in IC 35-31.5-2-329); and
(B) in accordance with the rules adopted by the Indiana emergency medical services commission or the disaster emergency declaration of the governor.
(4) Commissioned medical officers or medical service officers of the armed forces of the United States, the United States Public Health Service, and medical officers of the United States Department of Veterans Affairs in the discharge of their official duties in Indiana.
(5) An individual who is not a licensee who resides in another state or country and is authorized to practice medicine or osteopathic medicine there, who is called in for consultation by an individual licensed to practice medicine or osteopathic medicine in Indiana.
(6) A person administering a domestic or family remedy to a member of the person's family.
(7) A member of a church practicing the religious tenets of the church if the member does not make a medical diagnosis, prescribe or administer drugs or medicines, perform surgical or
physical operations, or assume the title of or profess to be a
(8) A school corporation and a school employee who acts under IC 34-30-14 (or IC 34-4-16.5-3.5 before its repeal).
(9) A chiropractor practicing the chiropractor's profession under IC 25-10 or to an employee of a chiropractor acting under the direction and supervision of the chiropractor under IC 25-10-1-13.
(10) A dental hygienist practicing the dental hygienist's profession under IC 25-13.
(11) A dentist practicing the dentist's profession under IC 25-14.
(12) A hearing aid dealer practicing the hearing aid dealer's profession under IC 25-20.
(13) A nurse practicing the nurse's profession under IC 25-23. However, a certified registered nurse anesthetist (as defined in IC 25-23-1-1.4) may administer anesthesia if the certified registered nurse anesthetist acts under the direction of and in the immediate presence of a physician.
(14) An optometrist practicing the optometrist's profession under IC 25-24.
(15) A pharmacist practicing the pharmacist's profession under IC 25-26.
(16) A physical therapist practicing the physical therapist's profession under IC 25-27.
(17) A podiatrist practicing the podiatrist's profession under IC 25-29.
(18) A psychologist practicing the psychologist's profession under IC 25-33.
(19) A speech-language pathologist or audiologist practicing the pathologist's or audiologist's profession under IC 25-35.6.
(20) An employee of a physician or group of physicians who performs an act, a duty, or a function that is customarily within the specific area of practice of the employing physician or group of physicians, if the act, duty, or function is performed under the direction and supervision of the employing physician or a physician of the employing group within whose area of practice the act, duty, or function falls. An employee may not make a diagnosis or prescribe a treatment and must report the results of an examination of a patient conducted by the employee to the employing physician or the physician of the employing group under whose supervision the employee is working. An employee may not administer medication without the specific order of the employing physician or a physician of the employing group. Unless an employee is licensed or registered to independently practice in a profession described in subdivisions (9) through (18), nothing in this subsection grants the employee independent practitioner status or the authority to perform patient services in an independent practice in a profession.
(21) A hospital licensed under IC 16-21 or IC 12-25.
commits the unlawful practice of medicine under this chapter.
(e) A person described in subsection (a)(8) shall not be authorized to dispense contraceptives or birth control devices.
(Formerly: Acts 1975, P.L.271, SEC.1.) As amended by Acts 1977, P.L.273, SEC.2; P.L.244-1985, SEC.2; P.L.149-1987, SEC.50; P.L.156-1988, SEC.1; P.L.237-1989, SEC.1; P.L.1-1990, SEC.253; P.L.2-1992, SEC.776; P.L.2-1993, SEC.141; P.L.227-1993, SEC.10; P.L.227-1995, SEC.1; P.L.1-1998, SEC.132; P.L.44-1998, SEC.1; P.L.156-2001, SEC.6; P.L.255-2001, SEC.17; P.L.2-2003, SEC.65; P.L.205-2003, SEC.37; P.L.97-2004, SEC.93; P.L.212-2005, SEC.20; P.L.141-2006, SEC.106; P.L.90-2007, SEC.4; P.L.177-2009, SEC.40; P.L.114-2012, SEC.51; P.L.77-2012, SEC.52.
Experimental or nonconventional treatment; protocols for treatment
Sec. 2.1. (a) An individual who consents under IC 34-18-12 may receive any experimental or nonconventional medical treatment if:
(1) a licensed physician has personally examined the individual and agrees to treat the individual;
(2) there is no reasonable basis to conclude that the medical treatment, when administered as directed, poses an unreasonable and significant risk of danger to the individual receiving the medical treatment; and
(3) the physician has provided the individual with a written statement and an oral explanation of the medical treatment that the individual has acknowledged by the individual's signature or the signature of the individual's legal representative and that discloses the following:
(A) That the medical treatment is experimental or nonconventional.
(B) That the drug or medical device has not been approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for any indication.
(C) The material risks generally recognized by a reasonably prudent physician of the medical treatment's side effects.
(b) If the medical treatment is to be provided on an inpatient or outpatient basis at a hospital licensed under IC 16-21, then that type of treatment must have been approved by the governing board of the hospital or by a commitee of the hospital authorized by the governing board to approve the types of experimental or nonconventional medical treatments that may be provided at the hospital on an inpatient or outpatient basis.
(c) The medical licensing board shall develop protocols for medical treatments that are provided in a setting other than the inpatient or outpatient hospital setting specified in subsection (b). A physician who fails to comply with a protocol developed under this subsection shall be subject to discipline by the medical licensing board.