withheld from the basin that is lost or otherwise not returned to the
basin due to evaporation, incorporation into products, or other
"Council" means the Great Lakes_St. Lawrence River basin water resources council, created by the compact.
"Council review" means the collective review by the council members as described in article 4 of the compact.
"County" means the largest territorial division for local government in a state. The county boundaries shall be defined as those boundaries that exist as of December 13, 2005.
"Cumulative impacts" means the impact on the basin ecosystem that results from incremental effects of all aspects of a withdrawal, diversion, or consumptive use in addition to other past, present, and reasonably foreseeable future withdrawals, diversions, and consumptive uses regardless of who undertakes the other withdrawals, diversions, and consumptive uses. Cumulative impacts can result from individually minor but collectively significant withdrawals, diversions, and consumptive uses taking place over a period of time.
"Decision making standard" means the decision making standard established by section 4.11 for proposals subject to management and regulation in section 4.10.
"Diversion" means a transfer of water from the basin into another watershed, or from the watershed of one (1) of the Great Lakes into that of another by any means of transfer, including but not limited to a pipeline, canal, tunnel, aqueduct, channel, modification of the direction of a water course, a tanker ship, tanker truck, or rail tanker but does not apply to water that is used in the basin or a Great Lake watershed to manufacture or produce a product that is then transferred out of the basin or watershed. "Divert" has a corresponding meaning.
"Environmentally sound and economically feasible water conservation measures" means those measures, methods, technologies, or practices for efficient water use and for reduction of water loss and waste or for reducing a withdrawal, consumptive use, or diversion that:
(i) are environmentally sound;
(ii) reflect best practices applicable to the water use sector;
(iii) are technically feasible and available;
(iv) are economically feasible and cost effective based on an analysis that considers direct and avoided economic and environmental costs; and
(v) consider the particular facilities and processes involved, taking into account the environmental impact, age of equipment and facilities involved, processes employed, energy impacts, and other appropriate factors.
"Exception" means a transfer of water that is excepted under section 4.9 from the prohibition against diversions in section 4.8.
"Exception standard" means the standard for exceptions established in section 4.9.4.
withdrawal originates. If water is withdrawn directly from a Great
Lake or from the St. Lawrence River, then the source watershed shall
be considered to be the watershed of that Great Lake or the
watershed of the St. Lawrence River, respectively. If water is
withdrawn from the watershed of a stream that is a direct tributary to
a Great Lake or a direct tributary to the St. Lawrence River, then the
source watershed shall be considered to be the watershed of that
Great Lake or the watershed of the St. Lawrence River, respectively,
with a preference to the direct tributary stream watershed from which
it was withdrawn.
"Standard of review and decision" means the exception standard, decision making standard, and reviews as outlined in article 4 of the compact.
"State" means one (1) of the states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, or Wisconsin, or the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
"Straddling community" means any incorporated city, town, or the equivalent thereof, wholly within any county that lies partly or completely within the basin, whose corporate boundary existing as of the effective date of the compact, is partly within the basin or partly within two (2) Great Lakes watersheds.
"Technical review" means a detailed review conducted to determine whether or not a proposal that requires regional review under the compact meets the standard of review and decision following procedures and guidelines as set out in the compact.
"Water" means ground or surface water contained within the basin.
"Water dependent natural resources" means the interacting components of land, water, and living organisms affected by the waters of the basin.
"Waters of the basin" or "basin water" means the Great Lakes and all streams, rivers, lakes, connecting channels, and other bodies of water, including tributary groundwater, within the basin.
"Withdrawal" means the taking of water from surface water or groundwater. "Withdraw" has a corresponding meaning.
Section 1.3. Findings and purposes. The legislative bodies of the respective parties hereby find and declare:
a. the waters of the basin are precious public natural resources shared and held in trust by the states;
b. the waters of the basin are interconnected and part of a single hydrologic system;
c. the waters of the basin can concurrently serve multiple uses. Such multiple uses include municipal, public, industrial, commercial, agriculture, mining, navigation, energy development and production, recreation, the subsistence, economic and cultural activities of native peoples, water quality maintenance, and the maintenance of fish and wildlife habitat and a balanced ecosystem; and, other purposes are encouraged, recognizing that such uses
are interdependent and must be balanced;
d. future diversions and consumptive uses of basin water resources have the potential to significantly impact the environment, economy, and welfare of the Great Lakes_St. Lawrence River region;
e. continued sustainable, accessible, and adequate water supplies for the people and economy of the basin are of vital importance; and
f. the parties have a shared duty to protect, conserve, restore, improve, and manage the renewable but finite waters of the basin for the use, benefit, and enjoyment of all their citizens, including generations yet to come. The most effective means of protecting, conserving, restoring, improving, and managing the basin waters is through the joint pursuit of unified and cooperative principles, policies, and programs mutually agreed upon, enacted, and adhered to by all parties.
a. to act together to protect, conserve, restore, improve, and effectively manage the waters and water dependent natural resources of the basin under appropriate arrangements for intergovernmental cooperation and consultation because current lack of full scientific certainty should not be used as a reason for postponing measures to protect the basin ecosystem;
b. to remove causes of present and future controversies;
c. to provide for cooperative planning and action by the parties with respect to such water resources;
d. to facilitate consistent approaches to water management across the basin while retaining state management authority over water management decisions within the basin;
e. to facilitate the exchange of data, strengthen the scientific information base upon which decisions are made, and engage in consultation on the potential effects of proposed withdrawals and losses on the waters and water dependent natural resources of the basin;
f. to prevent significant adverse impacts of withdrawals and losses on the basin's ecosystems and watersheds;
g. to promote interstate and state-provincial comity; and
h. to promote an adaptive management approach to the conservation and management of basin water resources, which recognizes, considers, and provides adjustments for the uncertainties in, and evolution of, scientific knowledge concerning the basin's waters and water dependent natural resources.
Section 1.4. Science.
1. The parties commit to provide leadership for the development of a collaborative strategy with other regional partners to strengthen the scientific basis for sound water management decision making under the compact.
2. The strategy shall guide the collection and application of
scientific information to support:
a. an improved understanding of the individual and cumulative impacts of withdrawals from various locations and water sources on the basin ecosystem and to develop a mechanism by which impacts of withdrawals may be assessed;
b. the periodic assessment of cumulative impacts of withdrawals, diversions, and consumptive uses on the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River watershed basin;
c. improved scientific understanding of the waters of the basin;
d. improved understanding of the role of groundwater in basin water resources management; and
e. the development, transfer, and application of science and research related to water conservation and water use efficiency.
and regulations governing its meetings and transactions, as well as
the procedures and timeline for submission, review, and
consideration of proposals that come before the council for its review
and action. The council shall organize, annually, by the election of
a chair and vice chair from among its members. Each member may
appoint an adviser, who may attend all meetings of the council and
its committees, but shall not have voting power. The council may
employ or appoint professional and administrative personnel,
including an executive director, as it may deem advisable, to carry
out the purposes of the compact.
Section 2.6. Use of existing offices and agencies. It is the policy of the parties to preserve and utilize the functions, powers, and duties of existing offices and agencies of government to the extent consistent with the compact. Further, the council shall promote and aid the coordination of the activities and programs of the parties concerned with water resources management in the basin. To this end, but without limitation, the council may:
1. advise, consult, contract, assist, or otherwise cooperate with any and all such agencies;
2. employ any other agency or instrumentality of any of the parties for any purpose; and
3. develop and adopt plans consistent with the water resources plans of the parties.
Section 2.7. Jurisdiction. The council shall have, exercise, and discharge its functions, powers, and duties within the limits of the basin. Outside the basin, it may act in its discretion, but only to the extent such action may be necessary or convenient to effectuate or implement its powers or responsibilities within the basin and subject to the consent of the jurisdiction wherein it proposes to act.
Section 2.8. Status, immunities, and privileges. The council, its members, and personnel in their official capacity and when engaged directly in the affairs of the council, its property, and its assets, wherever located and by whomsoever held, shall enjoy the same immunity from suit and every form of judicial process as is enjoyed by the parties, except to the extent that the council may expressly waive its immunity for the purposes of any proceedings or by the terms of any contract.
The property and assets of the council, wherever located and by whomsoever held, shall be considered public property and shall be immune from search, requisition, confiscation, expropriation, or any other form of taking or foreclosure by executive or legislative action.
The council, its property, and its assets, income and the operations it carries out under the compact shall be immune from all taxation by or under the authority of any of the parties or any political subdivision thereof. However, in lieu of property taxes, the council may make reasonable payments to local taxing districts in annual amounts that shall approximate the taxes lawfully assessed upon similar property.
Section 2.9. Advisory committees. The council may constitute and empower advisory committees, which may be comprised of
representatives of the public and of federal, state, tribal, county, and
local governments, water resources agencies, water using industries
and sectors, water interest groups, and academic experts in related
application fees with respect to those proposals for exceptions
that are subject to council review under section 4.9 of the
compact. Any rule or regulation of the council, other than one
that deals solely with the internal management of the council or
its property, shall be adopted only after public notice and
2. Each party, in accordance with its respective statutory authorities and applicable procedures, may adopt and enforce rules and regulations to implement and enforce the compact and the programs adopted by such party to carry out the management programs contemplated by the compact.
Section 3.4. Program review and findings.
1. Each party shall submit a report to the council and the regional body detailing its water management and conservation and efficiency programs that implement the compact. The report shall set out the manner in which water withdrawals are managed by sector, water source, quantity, or any other means, and how the provisions of the standard of review and decision and conservation and efficiency programs are implemented. The first report shall be provided by each party one (1) year from the effective date of the compact and thereafter every five (5) years.
2. The council, in cooperation with the provinces, shall review its water management and conservation and efficiency programs and those of the parties that are established in the compact and make findings on whether the water management program provisions in the compact are being met and, if not, recommend options to assist the parties in meeting the provisions of the compact. Such review shall take place:
a. thirty (30) days after the first report is submitted by all parties;
b. every five (5) years after the effective date of the compact; and
c. at any other time at the request of one (1) of the parties.
3. As one of its duties and responsibilities, the council may recommend a range of approaches to the parties with respect to the development, enhancement, and application of water management and conservation and efficiency programs to implement the standard of review and decision reflecting improved scientific understanding of the waters of the basin, including groundwater, and the impacts of withdrawals on the basin ecosystem.
information on the location, type, quantity, and use of those
resources and the location, type, and quantity of withdrawals,
diversions, and consumptive uses. To the extent feasible, the
water resources inventory shall be developed in cooperation
with local, state, federal, tribal, and other private agencies and
entities, as well as the council. Each party's agencies shall
cooperate with that party in the development and maintenance
of the inventory.
2. The council shall assist each party to develop a common base of data regarding the management of the water resources of the basin and to establish systematic arrangements for the exchange of those data with other states and provinces.
3. To develop and maintain a compatible base of water use information, within five (5) years of the effective date of the compact any person who withdraws water in an amount of one hundred thousand (100,000) gallons per day or greater average in any thirty (30) day period (including consumptive uses) from all sources, or diverts water of any amount, shall register the withdrawal or diversion by a date set by the council unless the person has previously registered in accordance with an existing state program. The person shall register the withdrawal or diversion with the originating party using a form prescribed by the originating party that shall include, at a minimum and without limitation:
a. the name and address of the registrant and date of registration;
b. the locations and sources of the withdrawal or diversion;
c. the capacity of the withdrawal or diversion per day and the amount withdrawn or diverted from each source;
d. the uses made of the water;
e. places of use and places of discharge; and
f. such other information as the originating party may require.
All registrations shall include an estimate of the volume of the withdrawal or diversion in terms of gallons per day average in any thirty (30) day period.
4. All registrants shall annually report the monthly volumes of the withdrawal, consumptive use, and diversion in gallons to the originating party and any other information requested by the originating party.
5. Each party shall annually report the information gathered under this section to a Great Lakes_St. Lawrence River water use data base repository, and aggregated information shall be made publicly available, consistent with the confidentiality requirements in section 8.3 of the compact.
6. Information gathered by the parties under this section shall be used to improve the sources and applications of scientific information regarding the waters of the basin and the impacts of the withdrawals and diversions from various locations and water sources on the basin ecosystem, and to better understand
the role of groundwater in the basin. The council and the parties
shall coordinate the collection and application of scientific
information to further develop a mechanism by which
individual and cumulative impacts of withdrawals, consumptive
uses, and diversions shall be assessed.
Section 4.2. Water conservation and efficiency programs.
1. The council commits to identify, in cooperation with the provinces, basinwide water conservation and efficiency objectives to assist the parties in developing their water conservation and efficiency program. These objectives are based on the goals of:
a. ensuring improvement of the waters and water dependent natural resources;
b. protecting and restoring the hydrologic and ecosystem integrity of the basin;
c. retaining the quantity of surface water and groundwater in the basin;
d. ensuring sustainable use of waters of the basin; and
e. promoting the efficiency of use and reducing losses and waste of water.
2. Within two (2) years of the effective date of the compact, each party shall develop its own water conservation and efficiency goals and objectives consistent with the basinwide goals and objectives, and shall develop and implement a water conservation and efficiency program, either voluntary or mandatory, within its jurisdiction based on the party's goals and objectives. Each party shall annually assess its programs in meeting the party's goals and objectives, report to the council and the regional body and make this annual assessment available to the public.
3. Beginning five (5) years after the effective date of the compact, and every five (5) years thereafter, the council, in cooperation with the provinces, shall review and modify as appropriate the basinwide objectives, and the parties shall have regard for any such modifications in implementing their programs. This assessment will be based on examining new technologies, new patterns of water use, new resource demands and threats, and cumulative impact assessment under section 4.15.
4. Within two (2) years of the effective date of the compact, the parties commit to promote environmentally sound and economically feasible water conservation measures such as:
a. measures that promote efficient use of water;
b. identification and sharing of best management practices and state of the art conservation and efficiency technologies;
c. application of sound planning principles;
d. demand-side and supply-side measures or incentives; and
e. development, transfer, and application of science and research.
5. Each party shall implement in accordance with paragraph 2
above a voluntary or mandatory water conservation program for
all, including existing basin water users. Conservation programs
need to adjust to new demands and the potential impacts of
cumulative effects and climate.
Section 4.3. Party powers and duties.
1. Each party, within its jurisdiction, shall manage and regulate new or increased withdrawals, consumptive uses, and diversions, including exceptions, in accordance with the compact.
2. Each party shall require an applicant to submit an application in such manner and with such accompanying information as the party shall prescribe.
3. No party may approve a proposal if the party determines that the proposal is inconsistent with the compact or the standard of review and decision or any implementing rules or regulations promulgated thereunder. The party may approve, approve with modifications, or disapprove any proposal depending on the proposal's consistency with the compact and the standard of review and decision.
4. Each party shall monitor the implementation of any approved proposal to ensure consistency with the approval and may take all necessary enforcement actions.
5. No party shall approve a proposal subject to council or regional review, or both, under the compact unless it shall have been first submitted to and reviewed by either the council or regional body, or both, and approved by the council, as applicable. Sufficient opportunity shall be provided for comment on the proposal's consistency with the compact and the standard of review and decision. All such comments shall become part of the party's formal record of decision, and the party shall take into consideration any such comments received.
Section 4.4. Requirement for originating party approval. No proposal subject to management and regulation under the compact shall hereafter be undertaken by any person unless it shall have been approved by the originating party.
Section 4.5. Regional review.
a. It is the intention of the parties to participate in regional review of proposals with the provinces, as described in the compact and the agreement.
b. Unless the applicant or the originating party otherwise requests, it shall be the goal of the regional body to conclude its review no later than ninety (90) days after notice under paragraph 2 of this section of such proposal is received from the originating party.
c. Proposals for exceptions subject to regional review shall be submitted by the originating party to the regional body for regional review and, where applicable, to the council for concurrent review.
d. The parties agree that the protection of the integrity of the
Great Lakes_St. Lawrence River basin ecosystem shall be
the overarching principle for reviewing proposals subject to
regional review, recognizing uncertainties with respect to
demands that may be placed on basin water, including
groundwater, levels and flows of the Great Lakes and the St.
Lawrence River, future changes in environmental conditions,
the reliability of existing data, and the extent to which
diversions may harm the integrity of the basin ecosystem.
e. The originating party shall have lead responsibility for coordinating information for resolution of issues related to evaluation of a proposal, and shall consult with the applicant throughout the regional review process.
f. A majority of the members of the regional body may request regional review of a regionally significant or potentially precedent setting proposal. Such regional review must be conducted, to the extent possible, within the time frames set forth in this section. Any such regional review shall be undertaken only after consulting the applicant.
2. Notice from originating party to the regional body.
a. The originating party shall determine if a proposal is subject to regional review. If so, the originating party shall provide timely notice to the regional body and the public.
b. Such notice shall not be given unless and until all information, documents, and the originating party's technical review needed to evaluate whether the proposal meets the standard of review and decision have been provided.
c. An originating party may:
i. provide notice to the regional body of an application, even if notification is not required; or
ii. request regional review of an application, even if regional review is not required. Any such regional review shall be undertaken only after consulting the applicant.
d. An originating party may provide preliminary notice of a potential proposal.
3. Public participation.
a. To ensure adequate public participation, the regional body shall adopt procedures for the review of proposals that are subject to regional review in accordance with this article of the compact.
b. The regional body shall provide notice to the public of a proposal undergoing regional review. Such notice shall indicate that the public has an opportunity to comment in writing to the regional body on whether the proposal meets the standard of review and decision.
c. The regional body shall hold a public meeting in the state or province of the originating party in order to receive public comment on the issue of whether the proposal under consideration meets the standard of review and decision.
d. The regional body shall consider the comments received before issuing a declaration of finding.
allowance for consumptive use. No surface water or
groundwater from outside the basin may be used to satisfy
any portion of this criterion except if it:
i. is part of a water supply or wastewater treatment system that combines water from inside and outside of the basin;
ii. is treated to meet applicable water quality discharge standards and to prevent the introduction of invasive species into the basin; and
iii. maximizes the portion of water returned to the source watershed as basin water and minimizes the surface water or groundwater from outside the basin;
b. if the proposal results from a new or increased withdrawal of one hundred thousand (100,000) gallons per day or greater average over any ninety (90) day period, the proposal shall also meet the exception standard; and
c. if the proposal results in a new or increased consumptive use of five million (5,000,000) gallons per day or greater average over any ninety (90) day period, the proposal shall also undergo regional review.
2. Intra-basin transfer. A proposal for an intra-basin transfer that would be considered a diversion under the compact, and not already excepted under paragraph 1 of this section, shall be excepted from the prohibition against diversions, provided that:
a. If the proposal results from a new or increased withdrawal less than one hundred thousand (100,000) gallons per day average over any ninety (90) day period, the proposal shall be subject to management and regulation at the discretion of the originating party.
b. If the proposal results from a new or increased withdrawal of one hundred thousand (100,000) gallons per day or greater average over any ninety (90) day period and if the consumptive use resulting from the withdrawal is less than five million (5,000,000) gallons per day average over any ninety (90) day period:
i. the proposal shall meet the exception standard and be subject to management and regulation by the originating party, except that the water may be returned to another Great Lake watershed rather than the source watershed;
ii. the applicant shall demonstrate that there is no feasible, cost effective, and environmentally sound water supply alternative within the Great Lake watershed to which the water will be transferred, including conservation of existing water supplies; and
iii. the originating party shall provide notice to the other parties prior to making any decision with respect to the proposal.
c. If the proposal results in a new or increased consumptive use of five million (5,000,000) gallons per day or greater average over any ninety (90) day period:
i. the proposal shall be subject to management and
regulation by the originating party and shall meet the
exception standard, ensuring that water withdrawn shall be
returned to the source watershed;
ii. the applicant shall demonstrate that there is no feasible, cost effective, and environmentally sound water supply alternative within the Great Lake watershed to which the water will be transferred, including conservation of existing water supplies;
iii. the proposal undergoes regional review; and
iv. the proposal is approved by the council. Council approval shall be given unless one (1) or more council members vote to disapprove.
3. Straddling counties. A proposal to transfer water to a community within a straddling county that would be considered a diversion under the compact shall be excepted from the prohibition against diversions, provided that it satisfies all of the following conditions:
a. The water shall be used solely for the public water supply purposes of the community within a straddling county that is without adequate supplies of potable water.
b. The proposal meets the exception standard, maximizing the portion of water returned to the source watershed as basin water and minimizing the surface water or groundwater from outside the basin.
c. The proposal shall be subject to management and regulation by the originating party, regardless of its size.
d. There is no reasonable water supply alternative within the basin in which the community is located, including conservation of existing water supplies.
e. Caution shall be used in determining whether or not the proposal meets the conditions for this exception. This exception should not be authorized unless it can be shown that it will not endanger the integrity of the basin ecosystem.
f. The proposal undergoes regional review.
g. The proposal is approved by the council. Council approval shall be given unless one (1) or more council members vote to disapprove.
A proposal must satisfy all of the conditions listed above. Further, substantive consideration will also be given to whether or not the proposal can provide sufficient scientifically based evidence that the existing water supply is derived from groundwater that is hydrologically interconnected to waters of the basin.
4. Exception standard. Proposals subject to management and regulation in this section shall be declared to meet this exception standard and may be approved as appropriate only when the following criteria are met:
a. The need for all or part of the proposed exception cannot be reasonably avoided through the efficient use and conservation of existing water supplies.
the effective date of the compact shall apply a threshold level
for management and regulation of all new or increased
withdrawals of one hundred thousand (100,000) gallons per day
or greater average in any ninety (90) day period.
3. The parties intend programs for new or increased withdrawals and consumptive uses to evolve as may be necessary to protect basin waters. Pursuant to section 3.4, the council, in cooperation with the provinces, shall periodically assess the water management programs of the parties. Such assessments may produce recommendations for the strengthening of the programs, including without limitation, establishing lower thresholds for management and regulation in accordance with the decision making standard.
Section 4.11. Decision making standard. Proposals subject to management and regulation in section 4.10 shall be declared to meet this decision making standard and may be approved as appropriate only when the following criteria are met:
1. All water withdrawn shall be returned, either naturally or after use, to the source watershed less an allowance for consumptive use.
2. The withdrawal or consumptive use will be implemented so as to ensure that the proposal will result in no significant individual or cumulative adverse impacts to the quantity or quality of the waters and water dependent natural resources and the applicable source watershed.
3. The withdrawal or consumptive use will be implemented so as to incorporate environmentally sound and economically feasible water conservation measures.
4. The withdrawal or consumptive use will be implemented so as to ensure that it is in compliance with all applicable municipal, state, and federal laws as well as regional interstate and international agreements, including the Boundary Waters Treaty of 1909.
5. The proposed use is reasonable, based upon a consideration of the following factors:
a. Whether the proposed withdrawal or consumptive use is planned in a fashion that provides for efficient use of the water, and will avoid or minimize the waste of water.
b. If the proposal is for an increased withdrawal or consumptive use, whether efficient use is made of existing water supplies.
c. The balance between economic development, social development, and environmental protection of the proposed withdrawal and use and other existing or planned withdrawals and water uses sharing the water source.
d. The supply potential of the water source, considering quantity, quality, and reliability and safe yield of hydrologically interconnected water sources.
e. The probable degree and duration of any adverse impacts caused or expected to be caused by the proposed withdrawal
and use under foreseeable conditions to other lawful
consumptive or nonconsumptive uses of water or to the
quantity or quality of the waters and water dependent natural
resources of the basin, and the proposed plans and
arrangements for avoidance or mitigation of such impacts.
f. If a proposal includes restoration of hydrologic conditions and functions of the source watershed, the party may consider that.
Section 4.12. Applicability.
1. Minimum standard. This standard of review and decision shall be used as a minimum standard. Parties may impose a more restrictive decision making standard for withdrawals under their authority. It is also acknowledged that although a proposal meets the standard of review and decision it may not be approved under the laws of the originating party that has implemented more restrictive measures.
a. To establish a baseline for determining a new or increased diversion, consumptive use, or withdrawal, each party shall develop either or both of the following lists for their jurisdiction:
i. A list of existing withdrawal approvals as of the effective date of the compact.
ii. A list of the capacity of existing systems as of the effective date of the compact. The capacity of the existing systems should be presented in terms of withdrawal capacity, treatment capacity, distribution capacity, or other capacity limiting factors. The capacity of the existing systems must represent the state of the systems. Existing capacity determinations shall be based upon approval limits or the most restrictive capacity information.
b. For all purposes of the compact, volumes of diversions, consumptive uses, or withdrawals of water set forth in the list prepared by each party in accordance with this section shall constitute the baseline volume.
c. The list shall be furnished to the regional body and the council within one (1) year of the effective date of the compact.
3. Timing of additional applications. Applications for new or increased withdrawals, consumptive uses, or exceptions shall be considered cumulatively within ten (10) years of any application.
4. Change of ownership. Unless a new owner proposes a project that results in a proposal for a new or increased diversion or consumptive use subject to regional review or council approval, the change of ownership in and of itself shall not require regional review or council approval.
5. Groundwater. The basin surface water divide shall be used for the purpose of managing and regulating new or increased diversions, consumptive uses, or withdrawals of surface water
6. Withdrawal systems. The total volume of surface water and groundwater resources that supply a common distribution system shall determine the volume of a withdrawal, consumptive use, or diversion.
7. Connecting channels. The watershed of each Great Lake shall include its upstream and downstream connecting channels.
8. Transmission in water lines. Transmission of water within a line that extends outside the basin as it conveys water from one point to another within the basin shall not be considered a diversion if none of the water is used outside the basin.
9. Hydrologic units. The Lake Michigan and Lake Huron watersheds shall be considered to be a single hydrologic unit and watershed.
10. Bulk water transfer. A proposal to withdraw water and to remove it from the basin in any container greater than five and seven-tenths (5.7) gallons shall be treated under the compact in the same manner as a proposal for a diversion. Each party shall have the discretion, within its jurisdiction, to determine the treatment of proposals to withdraw water and to remove it from the basin in any container of five and seven-tenths (5.7) gallons or less.
Section 4.13. Exemptions. Withdrawals from the basin for the following purposes are exempt from the requirements of article 4.
1. To supply vehicles, including vessels and aircraft, whether for the needs of the persons or animals being transported or for ballast or other needs related to the operation of the vehicles.
2. To use in a noncommercial project on a short term basis for firefighting, humanitarian, or emergency response purposes.
Section 4.14. United States Supreme Court decree: Wisconsin et al. v. Illinois et al.
1. Notwithstanding any terms of the compact to the contrary, with the exception of paragraph 5 of this section, current, new, or increased withdrawals, consumptive uses, and diversions of basin water by the state of Illinois shall be governed by the terms of the United States Supreme Court decree in Wisconsin et al. v. Illinois et al. and shall not be subject to the terms of the compact nor any rules or regulations promulgated under the compact. This means that, with the exception of paragraph 5 of this section, for purposes of the compact, current, new, or increased withdrawals, consumptive uses, and diversions of basin water within the state of Illinois shall be allowed unless prohibited by the terms of the United States Supreme Court decree in Wisconsin et al. v. Illinois et al.
2. The parties acknowledge that the United States Supreme Court decree in Wisconsin et al. v. Illinois et al. shall continue in full force and effect, that the compact shall not modify any terms thereof, and that the compact shall grant the parties no additional rights, obligations, remedies, or defenses thereto. The parties specifically acknowledge that the compact shall not
prohibit or limit the state of Illinois in any manner from seeking
additional basin water as allowed under the terms of the United
States Supreme Court decree in Wisconsin et al. v. Illinois et
al., any other party from objecting to any request by the state of
Illinois for additional basin water under the terms of said
decree, or any party from seeking any other type of
modification to said decree. If an application is made by any
party to the Supreme Court of the United States to modify said
decree, the parties to the compact who are also parties to the
decree shall seek formal input from the Canadian provinces of
Ontario and Québec, with respect to the proposed modification,
use best efforts to facilitate the appropriate participation of said
provinces in the proceedings to modify the decree, and shall not
unreasonably impede or restrict such participation.
3. With the exception of paragraph 5 of this section, because current, new, or increased withdrawals, consumptive uses, and diversions of basin water by the state of Illinois are not subject to the terms of the compact, the state of Illinois is prohibited from using any term of the compact, including section 4.9 of the compact, to seek new or increased withdrawals, consumptive uses, or diversions of basin water.
4. With the exception of paragraph 5 of this section, because sections 4.3, 4.4, 4.5, 4.6, 4.7, 4.8, 4.9, 4.10, 4.11, 4.12 (paragraphs 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 10 only), and 4.13 of the compact all relate to current, new, or increased withdrawals, consumptive uses, and diversions of basin waters, said provisions do not apply to the state of Illinois. All other provisions of the compact not listed in the preceding sentence shall apply to the state of Illinois, including the water conservation programs provision of section 4.2 of the compact.
5. In the event of a proposal for a diversion of basin water for use outside the territorial boundaries of the parties to the compact, decisions by the state of Illinois regarding such a proposal would be subject to all terms of the compact, except paragraphs 1, 3, and 4 of this section.
6. For purposes of the state of Illinois' participation in the compact, the entirety of section 4.14 of the compact is necessary for the continued implementation of the compact, and, if severed, the compact shall no longer be binding on or enforceable by or against the state of Illinois.
Section 4.15. Assessment of cumulative impacts.
1. The parties in cooperation with the provinces shall collectively conduct within the basin, on a lake watershed and St. Lawrence River basin basis, a periodic assessment of the cumulative impacts of withdrawals, diversions, and consumptive uses from the waters of the basin, every five (5) years or each time the incremental basin water losses reach fifty million (50,000,000) gallons per day average in any ninety (90) day period in excess of the quantity at the time of the most recent assessment, whichever comes first, or at the request of
one (1) or more of the parties. The assessment shall form the
basis for a review of the standard of review and decision,
council and party regulations, and their application. This
a. utilize the most current and appropriate guidelines for such a review, which may include but not be limited to Council on Environmental Quality and Environment Canada guidelines;
b. give substantive consideration to climate change or other significant threats to basin waters and take into account the current state of scientific knowledge, or uncertainty, and appropriate measures to exercise caution in cases of uncertainty if serious damage may result;
c. consider adaptive management principles and approaches, recognizing, considering, and providing adjustments for the uncertainties in, and evolution of, science concerning the basin's water resources, watersheds, and ecosystems, including potential changes to basinwide processes, such as lake level cycles and climate.
2. The parties have the responsibility of conducting this cumulative impact assessment. Applicants are not required to participate in this assessment.
3. Unless required by other statutes, applicants are not required to conduct a separate cumulative impact assessment in connection with an application but shall submit information about the potential impacts of a proposal to the quantity or quality of the waters and water dependent natural resources of the applicable source watershed. An applicant may, however, provide an analysis of how the applicant's proposal meets the no significant adverse cumulative impact provision of the standard of review and decision.
shall consider the comments received under this section before
approving, approving with modifications, or disapproving any
proposal subject to council or regional review.
3. In addition to the specific consultation mechanisms described above, the council shall seek to establish mutually agreed upon mechanisms or processes to facilitate dialogue with, and input from, federally recognized tribes on matters to be dealt with by the council, and the council shall seek to establish mechanisms and processes with federally recognized tribes designed to facilitate ongoing scientific and technical interaction and data exchange regarding matters falling within the scope of the compact. This may include participation of tribal representatives on advisory committees established under the compact or such other processes that are mutually agreed upon with federally recognized tribes individually or through duly authorized intertribal agencies or bodies.
increased withdrawal, consumptive use, or diversion has
been granted; or
ii. the originating party or council has found that the new or increased withdrawal, consumptive use, or diversion is not subject to approval under the compact.
b. No action under this subsection may be commenced unless:
i. a person commencing such action has first given sixty (60) days prior notice to the originating party, the council, and the person alleged to be in noncompliance; and
ii. neither the originating party nor the council has commenced and is diligently prosecuting appropriate enforcement actions to compel compliance with the compact.
The available remedies shall include equitable relief, and the prevailing or substantially prevailing party may recover the costs of litigation, including reasonable attorney and expert witness fees, whenever the court determines that such an award is appropriate.
4. Each of the parties may adopt provisions providing additional enforcement mechanisms and remedies, including equitable relief and civil penalties applicable within its jurisdiction to assist in the implementation of the compact.
construed to provide, directly or indirectly, to any person any
right, claim, or remedy under any treaty or international
agreement, nor is it intended to derogate any right, claim, or
remedy that already exists under any treaty or international
2. Nothing in the compact is intended to infringe nor shall be construed to infringe upon the treaty power of the United States of America, nor shall any term hereof be construed to alter or amend any treaty or term thereof that has been or may hereafter be executed by the United States of America.
3. Nothing in the compact is intended to affect nor shall be construed to affect the application of the Boundary Waters Treaty of 1909 whose requirements continue to apply in addition to the requirements of the compact.
Section 8.3. Confidentiality.
1. Nothing in the compact requires a party to breach confidentiality obligations or requirements prohibiting disclosure, or to compromise security of commercially sensitive or proprietary information.
2. A party may take measures, including but not limited to deletion and redaction, deemed necessary to protect any confidential, proprietary, or commercially sensitive information when distributing information to other parties. The party shall summarize or paraphrase any such information in a manner sufficient for the council to exercise its authorities contained in the compact.
Section 8.4. Additional laws. Nothing in the compact shall be construed to repeal, modify, or qualify the authority of any party to enact any legislation or enforce any additional conditions and restrictions regarding the management and regulation of waters within its jurisdiction.
Section 8.5. Amendments and supplements. The provisions of the compact shall remain in full force and effect until amended by action of the governing bodies of the parties and consented to and approved by any other necessary authority in the same manner as the compact is required to be ratified to become effective.
Section 8.6. Severability. Should a court of competent jurisdiction hold any part of the compact to be void or unenforceable, it shall be considered severable from those portions of the compact capable of continued implementation in the absence of the voided provisions. All other provisions capable of continued implementation shall continue in full force and effect.
Section 8.7. Duration of compact and termination. Once effective, the compact shall continue in force and remain binding upon each and every party unless terminated. The compact may be terminated at any time by a majority vote of the parties. In the event of such termination, all rights established under it shall continue unimpaired.
this act are to the extent of such inconsistency hereby repealed.
Section 9.2. Effectuation by chief executive. The governor is authorized to take such action as may be necessary and proper in his or her discretion to effectuate the compact and the initial organization and operation thereunder.
Section 9.3. Entire agreement. The parties consider the compact to be complete and an integral whole. Each provision of the compact is considered material to the entire compact, and failure to implement or adhere to any provision may be considered a material breach. Unless otherwise noted in the compact, any change or amendment made to the compact by any party in its implementing legislation or by the Congress of the United States when giving its consent to the compact is not considered effective unless concurred in by all parties.
Section 9.4. Effective date and execution. The compact shall become binding and effective when ratified through concurring legislation by the states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Wisconsin, and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and consented to by the Congress of the United States. The compact shall be signed and sealed in nine (9) identical original copies by the respective chief executives of the signatory parties. One (1) such copy shall be filed with the secretary of state of each of the signatory parties or in accordance with the laws of the state in which the filing is made, and one (1) copy shall be filed and retained in the archives of the council upon its organization. The signatures shall be affixed and attested under the following form:
In witness whereof, and in evidence of the adoption and enactment into law of the compact by the legislatures of the signatory parties and consent by the Congress of the United States, the respective governors do hereby, in accordance with the authority conferred by law, sign the compact in nine (9) duplicate original copies, attested by the respective secretaries of state, and have caused the seals of the respective states to be hereunto affixed this____ day of (month), (year).
As added by P.L.4-2008, SEC.5.
Governor's responsibilities and powers
Sec. 2. (a) The governor, ex officio, shall:
(1) serve as the Indiana administrator of the compact; and
(2) appoint at least one (1) alternate under section 2.3 of the compact.
(b) The governor shall do the following as administrator:
(1) Receive copies of all agreements that are entered into under the compact by the following:
(A) This state.
(B) Other states.
(C) Political subdivisions of this state.
(2) Consult with, advise, and aid the states and political subdivisions referred to in subdivision (1) in the formulation of
(3) Make any recommendations that the governor considers desirable in order to effectuate the purposes of the compact to the following:
(A) The general assembly.
(B) Legislatures of other states.
(C) Governmental agencies of other states.
(D) Political subdivisions of this state.
(4) Consult with and cooperate with the compact administrators of the states other than Indiana.
(c) Pursuant to section 9.2 of the compact, the governor may take actions necessary for the initial organization and operation of the council.
As added by P.L.4-2008, SEC.5.
Authority of state agencies to cooperate with the council
Sec. 3. Agencies of this state are authorized to cooperate with the council.
As added by P.L.4-2008, SEC.5.
Authorization of general assembly for revision of standard of review and decision
Sec. 4. (a) Before casting a vote under section 3.1 of the compact with respect to any regulation that amends or revises the standard of review and decision, the governor or the governor's alternate shall obtain authorization from the general assembly for the vote. The governor or the governor's alternate shall exercise the vote consistent with the terms of the general assembly's authorization.
(b) An authorization by the general assembly under subsection (a) must be by adoption of:
(1) an act; or
(2) a concurrent resolution.
As added by P.L.4-2008, SEC.5.
Responsibilities and powers of the natural resources commission
Sec. 5. The natural resources commission:
(1) except as provided in subdivision (2), may not:
(A) adopt rules to establish; or
(B) otherwise implement;
any mandatory program governing water conservation and efficiency under section 4.2 of the compact;
(2) may adopt rules to establish a mandatory program governing water conservation and efficiency under section 4.2 of the compact only if the general assembly adopts an act authorizing the adoption of the rules;
(3) shall adopt rules under IC 4-22-2 that implement voluntary water conservation and efficiency programs; and
Management and regulation of proposals for certain water transfers
Sec. 6. A proposal for an exception to the prohibition in section 4.8 of the compact to transfer water to an area outside the basin shall be managed and regulated using the thresholds established in section 4.9 of the compact.
As added by P.L.4-2008, SEC.5.
Permits for water withdrawals; salmonid streams; rules
Sec. 7. (a) Except as provided in section 8 of this chapter, a person must, under the rules established under section 5(4) of this chapter, obtain a permit from the department for a daily withdrawal in excess of any of the following, calculated on average over any ninety (90) day period:
(1) Five million (5,000,000) gallons from Lake Michigan surface water.
(2) Subject to subsection (b), one hundred thousand (100,000) gallons from a salmonid stream.
(3) For any other surface water or groundwater source, one million gallons (1,000,000).
(b) Notwithstanding 327 IAC 2-1.5-5(a)(3), the salmonid streams subject to subsection (a)(2) are the following:
(1) Trail Creek and its tributaries downstream to Lake Michigan.
(2) Galien River and its tributaries in LaPorte County.
(3) East Branch of the Little Calumet River and its tributaries downstream to Lake Michigan via Burns Ditch.
(4) St. Joseph River and its tributaries in St. Joseph County from the Twin Branch Dam in Mishawaka downstream to the Indiana/Michigan state line.
(5) Subject to subsection (c), any other watercourse determined by rule by the commission.
(c) Before adopting a rule under subsection (b)(5), the commission shall seek input from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
As added by P.L.4-2008, SEC.5.
Exemption from permit requirement for certain water withdrawals
Sec. 8. Except as provided in this section, a withdrawal that does not exceed the amount of a baseline status determination made under section 12 of this chapter is exempt from section 7(a) of this chapter. The director may limit a withdrawal that would reduce flow in a
watercourse below the established minimum stream flow.
As added by P.L.4-2008, SEC.5.
Study and findings by the general assembly
Sec. 9. Not later than ten (10) years after the compact takes effect under section 9.4 of the compact, the general assembly shall study and make findings and recommendations concerning the following:
(1) The appropriateness of the permit threshold amounts established in section 7(a) of this chapter considering:
(A) advances made under section 1.4 of the compact; and
(B) other new water management technology and practices that become available.
(2) Any changes in those amounts that the general assembly deems warranted.
As added by P.L.4-2008, SEC.5. Amended by P.L.133-2012, SEC.177.
Standard for determination of adverse impacts of water withdrawals
Sec. 10. (a) The criterion of section 4.11.2 of the compact is met only if the withdrawal or consumptive use will be implemented so as to ensure that the proposal will result in no significant individual or cumulative adverse impacts to the quantity or quality of the waters and water dependent natural resources of either:
(1) The basin considered as a whole; or
(2) The Lake Michigan or Lake Erie watershed considered as a whole.
(b) Impacts of a withdrawal or consumptive use on the quantity or quality of waters and water dependent natural resources of more localized areas that affect less than:
(1) the basin considered as a whole; or
(2) the Lake Michigan or Lake Erie watershed considered as a whole;
are considered a part of the evaluation of reasonable use under section 4.11.5 of the compact.
(c) When determining whether there will be significant individual or cumulative adverse impacts under this section:
(1) consideration shall be given to the impacts incurred in a particular tributary or stream reach where those impacts are important to:
(A) the basin; or
(B) the Lake Michigan or Lake Erie watershed as a whole; and
(2) a judgment shall be made of the nature, degree, scope, and materiality of the impacts and the regional importance of those impacts to:
(A) the basin; and
(B) the Lake Michigan or Lake Erie watershed.
Baseline determinations; investigation required; notice to facility owner; standing for administrative review
Sec. 12. (a) This section governs any status determination of a baseline under section 4.12.2 of the compact for each of the following from the Indiana portion of the basin:
(1) The total withdrawal capability registered under IC 14-25-7-15(c)(3) is deemed the existing withdrawal approval amount for section 4.12.2.a.i of the compact.
(2) A consumptive use attributable to a facility described in IC 14-25-7-15(a)(1).
(3) A facility that diverts water outside the basin.
(b) The department shall make each determination required under subsection (a) following an investigation. Before completing the investigation, the department shall:
(1) inform the owner of the facility of the amount of any proposed baseline; and
(2) provide the owner with a period of at least thirty (30) days to offer documentation the owner believes would properly modify the proposed baseline amount.
(c) The department shall provide notice under IC 4-21.5-3-5 of a status determination under this section to the owner of the facility for which the determination is made.
(d) The owner of a facility for which a status determination is made under this section is the only person with standing to seek administrative review of the determination.
As added by P.L.4-2008, SEC.5.
Effects of incorporation of water into a product
Sec. 13. (a) As used in this section, "product" refers to a product, regardless of whether the product is distributed inside or outside the basin, that: