Information Maintained by the Office of Code Revision Indiana Legislative Services Agency
IC 35-50-2
     Chapter 2. Death Sentence and Sentences for Felonies and Habitual Offenders

IC 35-50-2-1
Definitions
    
Sec. 1. (a) As used in this chapter, "Class D felony conviction" means a conviction of a Class D felony in Indiana and a conviction, in any other jurisdiction at any time, with respect to which the convicted person might have been imprisoned for more than one (1) year. However, it does not include a conviction with respect to which the person has been pardoned, or a conviction of a Class A misdemeanor under section 7(b) of this chapter.
    (b) As used in this chapter, "felony conviction" means a conviction, in any jurisdiction at any time, with respect to which the convicted person might have been imprisoned for more than one (1) year. However, it does not include a conviction with respect to which the person has been pardoned, or a conviction of a Class A misdemeanor under section 7(b) of this chapter.
    (c) As used in this chapter, "minimum sentence" means:
        (1) for murder, forty-five (45) years;
        (2) for a Class A felony, twenty (20) years;
        (3) for a Class B felony, six (6) years;
        (4) for a Class C felony, two (2) years; and
        (5) for a Class D felony, one-half (1/2) year.
As added by Acts 1976, P.L.148, SEC.8. Amended by Acts 1977, P.L.340, SEC.114; P.L.334-1983, SEC.1; P.L.98-1988, SEC.8; P.L.243-2001, SEC.2 and P.L.291-2001, SEC.225.

IC 35-50-2-1.3
Advisory sentences
    
Sec. 1.3. (a) For purposes of sections 3 through 7 of this chapter, "advisory sentence" means a guideline sentence that the court may voluntarily consider as the midpoint between the maximum sentence and the minimum sentence.
    (b) Except as provided in subsection (c), a court is not required to use an advisory sentence.
    (c) In imposing:
        (1) consecutive sentences in accordance with IC 35-50-1-2;
        (2) an additional fixed term to an habitual offender under section 8 of this chapter; or
        (3) an additional fixed term to a repeat sexual offender under section 14 of this chapter;
a court is required to use the appropriate advisory sentence in imposing a consecutive sentence or an additional fixed term. However, the court is not required to use the advisory sentence in imposing the sentence for the underlying offense.
As added by P.L.71-2005, SEC.5.

IC 35-50-2-1.5


"Mentally retarded individual" defined
    
Sec. 1.5. As used in this chapter, "mentally retarded individual" has the meaning set forth in IC 35-36-9-2.
As added by P.L.158-1994, SEC.4.

IC 35-50-2-1.8
"Sex offense against a child" defined
    
Sec. 1.8. As used in this chapter, "sex offense against a child" means an offense under IC 35-42-4 in which the victim is a child less than eighteen (18) years of age.
As added by P.L.53-2005, SEC.1.

IC 35-50-2-2
Suspension of sentence; limitations
    
Sec. 2. (a) The court may suspend any part of a sentence for a felony, except as provided in this section or in section 2.1 of this chapter.
    (b) With respect to the following crimes listed in this subsection, the court may suspend only that part of the sentence that is in excess of the minimum sentence, unless the court has approved placement of the offender in a forensic diversion program under IC 11-12-3.7:
        (1) The crime committed was a Class A or Class B felony and the person has a prior unrelated felony conviction.
        (2) The crime committed was a Class C felony and less than seven (7) years have elapsed between the date the person was discharged from probation, imprisonment, or parole, whichever is later, for a prior unrelated felony conviction and the date the person committed the Class C felony for which the person is being sentenced.
        (3) The crime committed was a Class D felony and less than three (3) years have elapsed between the date the person was discharged from probation, imprisonment, or parole, whichever is later, for a prior unrelated felony conviction and the date the person committed the Class D felony for which the person is being sentenced. However, the court may suspend the minimum sentence for the crime only if the court orders home detention under IC 35-38-1-21 or IC 35-38-2.5-5 instead of the minimum sentence specified for the crime under this chapter.
        (4) The felony committed was:
            (A) murder (
IC 35-42-1-1);
            (B) battery (
IC 35-42-2-1) with a deadly weapon or battery causing death;
            (C) sexual battery (
IC 35-42-4-8) with a deadly weapon;
            (D) kidnapping (
IC 35-42-3-2);
            (E) confinement (
IC 35-42-3-3) with a deadly weapon;
            (F) rape (
IC 35-42-4-1) as a Class A felony;
            (G) criminal deviate conduct (
IC 35-42-4-2) as a Class A felony;
            (H) child molesting (
IC 35-42-4-3) as a Class A or Class B felony;


            (I) robbery (IC 35-42-5-1) resulting in serious bodily injury or with a deadly weapon;
            (J) arson (
IC 35-43-1-1) for hire or resulting in serious bodily injury;
            (K) burglary (
IC 35-43-2-1) resulting in serious bodily injury or with a deadly weapon;
            (L) resisting law enforcement (
IC 35-44-3-3) with a deadly weapon;
            (M) escape (
IC 35-44-3-5) with a deadly weapon;
            (N) rioting (
IC 35-45-1-2) with a deadly weapon;
            (O) dealing in cocaine, a narcotic drug, or methamphetamine (
IC 35-48-4-1) if the court finds the person possessed a firearm (as defined in IC 35-47-1-5) at the time of the offense, or the person delivered or intended to deliver to a person under eighteen (18) years of age at least three (3) years junior to the person and was on a school bus or within one thousand (1,000) feet of:
                (i) school property;
                (ii) a public park;
                (iii) a family housing complex; or
                (iv) a youth program center;
            (P) dealing in a schedule I, II, or III controlled substance (IC 35-48-4-2) if the court finds the person possessed a firearm (as defined in IC 35-47-1-5) at the time of the offense, or the person delivered or intended to deliver to a person under eighteen (18) years of age at least three (3) years junior to the person and was on a school bus or within one thousand (1,000) feet of:
                (i) school property;
                (ii) a public park;
                (iii) a family housing complex; or
                (iv) a youth program center;
            (Q) an offense under IC 9-30-5 (operating a vehicle while intoxicated) and the person who committed the offense has accumulated at least two (2) prior unrelated convictions under IC 9-30-5;
            (R) an offense under IC 9-30-5-5(b) (operating a vehicle while intoxicated causing death); or
            (S) aggravated battery (
IC 35-42-2-1.5).
    (c) Except as provided in subsection (e), whenever the court suspends a sentence for a felony, it shall place the person on probation under IC 35-38-2 for a fixed period to end not later than the date that the maximum sentence that may be imposed for the felony will expire.
    (d) The minimum sentence for a person convicted of voluntary manslaughter may not be suspended unless the court finds at the sentencing hearing that the crime was not committed by means of a deadly weapon.
    (e) Whenever the court suspends that part of an offender's (as defined in IC 5-2-12-4) sentence that is suspendible under subsection

(b), the court shall place the offender on probation under IC 35-38-2 for not more than ten (10) years.
    (f) An additional term of imprisonment imposed under IC 35-50-2-11 may not be suspended.
    (g) A term of imprisonment imposed under IC 35-47-10-6 or IC 35-47-10-7 may not be suspended if the commission of the offense was knowing or intentional.
    (h) A term of imprisonment imposed for an offense under IC 35-48-4-6(b)(1)(B) may not be suspended.
As added by Acts 1976, P.L.148, SEC.8. Amended by Acts 1977, P.L.340, SEC.115; Acts 1979, P.L.305, SEC.1; Acts 1982, P.L.204, SEC.39; P.L.334-1983, SEC.2; P.L.284-1985, SEC.3; P.L.211-1986, SEC.1; P.L.98-1988, SEC.9; P.L.351-1989(ss), SEC.4; P.L.214-1991, SEC.2; P.L.240-1991(ss2), SEC.98; P.L.11-1994, SEC.17; P.L.203-1996, SEC.8; P.L.96-1996, SEC.7; P.L.220-1997, SEC.1; P.L.188-1999, SEC.8; P.L.17-2001, SEC.30; P.L.222-2001, SEC.6; P.L.238-2001, SEC.21; P.L.116-2002, SEC.25; P.L.224-2003, SEC.126; P.L.85-2004, SEC.11; P.L.213-2005, SEC.7.

IC 35-50-2-2.1
Suspension; persons with juvenile record
    
Sec. 2.1. (a) Except as provided in subsection (b) or section 2 of this chapter, the court may not suspend a sentence for a felony for a person with a juvenile record when:
        (1) the juvenile record includes findings that the juvenile acts, if committed by an adult, would constitute:
            (A) one (1) Class A or Class B felony;
            (B) two (2) Class C or Class D felonies; or
            (C) one (1) Class C and one (1) Class D felony; and
        (2) less than three (3) years have elapsed between commission of the juvenile acts that would be felonies if committed by an adult and the commission of the felony for which the person is being sentenced.
    (b) Notwithstanding subsection (a), the court may suspend any part of the sentence for a felony, except as provided in section 2 of this chapter, if it finds that:
        (1) the crime was the result of circumstances unlikely to recur;
        (2) the victim of the crime induced or facilitated the offense;
        (3) there are substantial grounds tending to excuse or justify the crime, though failing to establish a defense; or
        (4) the acts in the juvenile record would not be Class A or Class B felonies if committed by an adult, and the convicted person is to undergo home detention under IC 35-38-1-21 instead of the minimum sentence specified for the crime under this chapter.
As added by P.L.284-1985, SEC.4. Amended by P.L.331-1987, SEC.1; P.L.98-1988, SEC.10.

IC 35-50-2-3
Murder


     Sec. 3. (a) A person who commits murder shall be imprisoned for a fixed term of between forty-five (45) and sixty-five (65) years, with the advisory sentence being fifty-five (55) years. In addition, the person may be fined not more than ten thousand dollars ($10,000).
    (b) Notwithstanding subsection (a), a person who was:
        (1) at least eighteen (18) years of age at the time the murder was committed may be sentenced to:
            (A) death; or
            (B) life imprisonment without parole; and
        (2) at least sixteen (16) years of age but less than eighteen (18) years of age at the time the murder was committed may be sentenced to life imprisonment without parole;
under section 9 of this chapter unless a court determines under IC 35-36-9 that the person is a mentally retarded individual.
As added by Acts 1976, P.L.148, SEC.8. Amended by Acts 1977, P.L.340, SEC.116; P.L.332-1987, SEC.1; P.L.250-1993, SEC.1; P.L.164-1994, SEC.2; P.L.158-1994, SEC.5; P.L.2-1995, SEC.128; P.L.148-1995, SEC.4; P.L.117-2002, SEC.1; P.L.71-2005, SEC.6.

IC 35-50-2-4
Class A felony
    
Sec. 4. A person who commits a Class A felony shall be imprisoned for a fixed term of between twenty (20) and fifty (50) years, with the advisory sentence being thirty (30) years. In addition, the person may be fined not more than ten thousand dollars ($10,000).
As added by Acts 1976, P.L.148, SEC.8. Amended by Acts 1977, P.L.340, SEC.117; P.L.164-1994, SEC.3; P.L.148-1995, SEC.5; P.L.71-2005, SEC.7.

IC 35-50-2-5
Class B felony
    
Sec. 5. A person who commits a Class B felony shall be imprisoned for a fixed term of between six (6) and twenty (20) years, with the advisory sentence being ten (10) years. In addition, the person may be fined not more than ten thousand dollars ($10,000).
As added by Acts 1976, P.L.148, SEC.8. Amended by Acts 1977, P.L.340, SEC.118; P.L.71-2005, SEC.8.

IC 35-50-2-6
Class C felony; commission of nonsupport of child as Class D felony
    
Sec. 6. (a) A person who commits a Class C felony shall be imprisoned for a fixed term of between two (2) and eight (8) years, with the advisory sentence being four (4) years. In addition, the person may be fined not more than ten thousand dollars ($10,000).
    (b) Notwithstanding subsection (a), if a person has committed nonsupport of a child as a Class C felony under IC 35-46-1-5, upon motion of the prosecuting attorney, the court may enter judgment of conviction of a Class D felony under IC 35-46-1-5 and sentence the

person accordingly. The court shall enter in the record detailed reasons for the court's action when the court enters a judgment of conviction of a Class D felony under this subsection.
As added by Acts 1976, P.L.148, SEC.8. Amended by Acts 1977, P.L.340, SEC.119; P.L.167-1990, SEC.1; P.L.213-1996, SEC.5; P.L.71-2005, SEC.9.

IC 35-50-2-7
Class D felony
    
Sec. 7. (a) A person who commits a Class D felony shall be imprisoned for a fixed term of between six (6) months and three (3) years, with the advisory sentence being one and one-half (1 1/2) years. In addition, the person may be fined not more than ten thousand dollars ($10,000).
    (b) Notwithstanding subsection (a), if a person has committed a Class D felony, the court may enter judgment of conviction of a Class A misdemeanor and sentence accordingly. However, the court shall enter a judgment of conviction of a Class D felony if:
        (1) the court finds that:
            (A) the person has committed a prior, unrelated felony for which judgment was entered as a conviction of a Class A misdemeanor; and
            (B) the prior felony was committed less than three (3) years before the second felony was committed;
        (2) the offense is domestic battery as a Class D felony under IC 35-42-2-1.3; or
        (3) the offense is possession of child pornography (IC 35-42-4-4(c)).
The court shall enter in the record, in detail, the reason for its action whenever it exercises the power to enter judgment of conviction of a Class A misdemeanor granted in this subsection.
As added by Acts 1976, P.L.148, SEC.8. Amended by Acts 1977, P.L.340, SEC.120; Acts 1982, P.L.204, SEC.40; P.L.334-1983, SEC.3; P.L.136-1987, SEC.7; P.L.167-1990, SEC.2; P.L.188-1999, SEC.9; P.L.98-2003, SEC.3; P.L.71-2005, SEC.10.

IC 35-50-2-7.1 Repealed
    
(Repealed by P.L.164-1993, SEC.14.)

IC 35-50-2-8
Habitual offenders
    
Sec. 8. (a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, the state may seek to have a person sentenced as a habitual offender for any felony by alleging, on a page separate from the rest of the charging instrument, that the person has accumulated two (2) prior unrelated felony convictions.
    (b) The state may not seek to have a person sentenced as a habitual offender for a felony offense under this section if:
        (1) the offense is a misdemeanor that is enhanced to a felony in the same proceeding as the habitual offender proceeding solely

because the person had a prior unrelated conviction;
        (2) the offense is an offense under IC 9-30-10-16 or IC 9-30-10-17; or
        (3) all of the following apply:
            (A) The offense is an offense under IC 16-42-19 or IC 35-48-4.
            (B) The offense is not listed in section 2(b)(4) of this chapter.
            (C) The total number of unrelated convictions that the person has for:
                (i) dealing in or selling a legend drug under IC 16-42-19-27;
                (ii) dealing in cocaine or a narcotic drug (
IC 35-48-4-1);
                (iii) dealing in a schedule I, II, III controlled substance (IC 35-48-4-2);
                (iv) dealing in a schedule IV controlled substance (IC 35-48-4-3); and
                (v) dealing in a schedule V controlled substance (IC 35-48-4-4);
            does not exceed one (1).
    (c) A person has accumulated two (2) prior unrelated felony convictions for purposes of this section only if:
        (1) the second prior unrelated felony conviction was committed after sentencing for the first prior unrelated felony conviction; and
        (2) the offense for which the state seeks to have the person sentenced as a habitual offender was committed after sentencing for the second prior unrelated felony conviction.
    (d) A conviction does not count for purposes of this section as a prior unrelated felony conviction if:
        (1) the conviction has been set aside;
        (2) the conviction is one for which the person has been pardoned; or
        (3) all of the following apply:
            (A) The offense is an offense under IC 16-42-19 or IC 35-48-4.
            (B) The offense is not listed in section 2(b)(4) of this chapter.
            (C) The total number of unrelated convictions that the person has for:
                (i) dealing in or selling a legend drug under IC 16-42-19-27;
                (ii) dealing in cocaine or a narcotic drug (
IC 35-48-4-1);
                (iii) dealing in a schedule I, II, III controlled substance (IC 35-48-4-2);
                (iv) dealing in a schedule IV controlled substance (IC 35-48-4-3); and
                (v) dealing in a schedule V controlled substance (IC 35-48-4-4);
            does not exceed one (1).


    (e) The requirements in subsection (b) do not apply to a prior unrelated felony conviction that is used to support a sentence as a habitual offender. A prior unrelated felony conviction may be used under this section to support a sentence as a habitual offender even if the sentence for the prior unrelated offense was enhanced for any reason, including an enhancement because the person had been convicted of another offense. However, a prior unrelated felony conviction under IC 9-30-10-16, IC 9-30-10-17, IC 9-12-3-1 (repealed), or IC 9-12-3-2 (repealed) may not be used to support a sentence as a habitual offender.
    (f) If the person was convicted of the felony in a jury trial, the jury shall reconvene for the sentencing hearing. If the trial was to the court or the judgment was entered on a guilty plea, the court alone shall conduct the sentencing hearing under IC 35-38-1-3.
    (g) A person is a habitual offender if the jury (if the hearing is by jury) or the court (if the hearing is to the court alone) finds that the state has proved beyond a reasonable doubt that the person had accumulated two (2) prior unrelated felony convictions.
    (h) The court shall sentence a person found to be a habitual offender to an additional fixed term that is not less than the advisory sentence for the underlying offense nor more than three (3) times the advisory sentence for the underlying offense. However, the additional sentence may not exceed thirty (30) years.
As added by Acts 1976, P.L.148, SEC.8. Amended by Acts 1977, P.L.340, SEC.121; Acts 1980, P.L.210, SEC.1; P.L.335-1983, SEC.1; P.L.328-1985, SEC.2; P.L.1-1990, SEC.353; P.L.164-1993, SEC.13; P.L.140-1994, SEC.14; P.L.305-1995, SEC.1; P.L.166-2001, SEC.3; P.L.291-2001, SEC.226; P.L.71-2005, SEC.11.

IC 35-50-2-8.5
Life imprisonment without parole upon third felony conviction or second sex offense against a child
    
Sec. 8.5. (a) The state may seek to have a person sentenced to life imprisonment without parole for any felony described in section 2(b)(4) of this chapter by alleging, on a page separate from the rest of the charging instrument, that the person has accumulated two (2) prior unrelated felony convictions described in section 2(b)(4) of this chapter.
    (b) The state may seek to have a person sentenced to life imprisonment without parole for a Class A felony under IC 35-42-4 that is a sex offense against a child by alleging, on a page separate from the rest of the charging instrument, that the person has a prior unrelated Class A felony conviction under IC 35-42-4 that is a sex offense against a child.
    (c) If the person was convicted of the felony in a jury trial, the jury shall reconvene to hear evidence on the life imprisonment without parole allegation. If the person was convicted of the felony by trial to the court without a jury or if the judgment was entered to guilty plea, the court alone shall hear evidence on the life imprisonment without parole allegation.


    (d) A person is subject to life imprisonment without parole if the jury (in a case tried by a jury) or the court (in a case tried by the court or on a judgment entered on a guilty plea) finds that the state has proved beyond a reasonable doubt that the person:
        (1) has accumulated two (2) prior unrelated convictions for offenses described in section 2(b)(4) of this chapter; or
        (2) has a prior unrelated Class A felony conviction under IC 35-42-4 that is a sex offense against a child.
    (e) The court may sentence a person found to be subject to life imprisonment without parole under this section to life imprisonment without parole.
As added by P.L.158-1994, SEC.6. Amended by P.L.53-2005, SEC.2.

IC 35-50-2-9
Death penalty sentencing procedure
    
Sec. 9. (a) The state may seek either a death sentence or a sentence of life imprisonment without parole for murder by alleging, on a page separate from the rest of the charging instrument, the existence of at least one (1) of the aggravating circumstances listed in subsection (b). In the sentencing hearing after a person is convicted of murder, the state must prove beyond a reasonable doubt the existence of at least one (1) of the aggravating circumstances alleged. However, the state may not proceed against a defendant under this section if a court determines at a pretrial hearing under IC 35-36-9 that the defendant is a mentally retarded individual.
    (b) The aggravating circumstances are as follows:
        (1) The defendant committed the murder by intentionally killing the victim while committing or attempting to commit any of the following:
            (A) Arson (
IC 35-43-1-1).
            (B) Burglary (
IC 35-43-2-1).
            (C) Child molesting (
IC 35-42-4-3).
            (D) Criminal deviate conduct (
IC 35-42-4-2).
            (E) Kidnapping (
IC 35-42-3-2).
            (F) Rape (
IC 35-42-4-1).
            (G) Robbery (
IC 35-42-5-1).
            (H) Carjacking (
IC 35-42-5-2).
            (I) Criminal gang activity (
IC 35-45-9-3).
            (J) Dealing in cocaine or a narcotic drug (
IC 35-48-4-1).
        (2) The defendant committed the murder by the unlawful detonation of an explosive with intent to injure person or damage property.
        (3) The defendant committed the murder by lying in wait.
        (4) The defendant who committed the murder was hired to kill.
        (5) The defendant committed the murder by hiring another person to kill.
        (6) The victim of the murder was a corrections employee, probation officer, parole officer, community corrections worker, home detention officer, fireman, judge, or law enforcement officer, and either:


            (A) the victim was acting in the course of duty; or
            (B) the murder was motivated by an act the victim performed while acting in the course of duty.
        (7) The defendant has been convicted of another murder.
        (8) The defendant has committed another murder, at any time, regardless of whether the defendant has been convicted of that other murder.
        (9) The defendant was:
            (A) under the custody of the department of correction;
            (B) under the custody of a county sheriff;
            (C) on probation after receiving a sentence for the commission of a felony; or
            (D) on parole;
        at the time the murder was committed.
        (10) The defendant dismembered the victim.
        (11) The defendant burned, mutilated, or tortured the victim while the victim was alive.
        (12) The victim of the murder was less than twelve (12) years of age.
        (13) The victim was a victim of any of the following offenses for which the defendant was convicted:
            (A) Battery as a Class D felony or as a Class C felony under IC 35-42-2-1.
            (B) Kidnapping (
IC 35-42-3-2).
            (C) Criminal confinement (
IC 35-42-3-3).
            (D) A sex crime under IC 35-42-4.
        (14) The victim of the murder was listed by the state or known by the defendant to be a witness against the defendant and the defendant committed the murder with the intent to prevent the person from testifying.
        (15) The defendant committed the murder by intentionally discharging a firearm (as defined in IC 35-47-1-5):
            (A) into an inhabited dwelling; or
            (B) from a vehicle.
        (16) The victim of the murder was pregnant and the murder resulted in the intentional killing of a fetus that has attained viability (as defined in IC 16-18-2-365).
    (c) The mitigating circumstances that may be considered under this section are as follows:
        (1) The defendant has no significant history of prior criminal conduct.
        (2) The defendant was under the influence of extreme mental or emotional disturbance when the murder was committed.
        (3) The victim was a participant in or consented to the defendant's conduct.
        (4) The defendant was an accomplice in a murder committed by another person, and the defendant's participation was relatively minor.
        (5) The defendant acted under the substantial domination of another person.
        (6) The defendant's capacity to appreciate the criminality of the defendant's conduct or to conform that conduct to the requirements of law was substantially impaired as a result of mental disease or defect or of intoxication.
        (7) The defendant was less than eighteen (18) years of age at the time the murder was committed.
        (8) Any other circumstances appropriate for consideration.
    (d) If the defendant was convicted of murder in a jury trial, the jury shall reconvene for the sentencing hearing. If the trial was to the court, or the judgment was entered on a guilty plea, the court alone shall conduct the sentencing hearing. The jury or the court may consider all the evidence introduced at the trial stage of the proceedings, together with new evidence presented at the sentencing hearing. The court shall instruct the jury concerning the statutory penalties for murder and any other offenses for which the defendant was convicted, the potential for consecutive or concurrent sentencing, and the availability of good time credit and clemency. The court shall instruct the jury that, in order for the jury to recommend to the court that the death penalty or life imprisonment without parole should be imposed, the jury must find at least one (1) aggravating circumstance beyond a reasonable doubt as described in subsection (k) and shall provide a special verdict form for each aggravating circumstance alleged. The defendant may present any additional evidence relevant to:
        (1) the aggravating circumstances alleged; or
        (2) any of the mitigating circumstances listed in subsection (c).
    (e) For a defendant sentenced after June 30, 2002, except as provided by IC 35-36-9, if the hearing is by jury, the jury shall recommend to the court whether the death penalty or life imprisonment without parole, or neither, should be imposed. The jury may recommend:
        (1) the death penalty; or
        (2) life imprisonment without parole;
only if it makes the findings described in subsection (l). If the jury reaches a sentencing recommendation, the court shall sentence the defendant accordingly. After a court pronounces sentence, a representative of the victim's family and friends may present a statement regarding the impact of the crime on family and friends. The impact statement may be submitted in writing or given orally by the representative. The statement shall be given in the presence of the defendant.
    (f) If a jury is unable to agree on a sentence recommendation after reasonable deliberations, the court shall discharge the jury and proceed as if the hearing had been to the court alone.
    (g) If the hearing is to the court alone, except as provided by IC 35-36-9, the court shall:
        (1) sentence the defendant to death; or
        (2) impose a term of life imprisonment without parole;
only if it makes the findings described in subsection (l).
    (h) If a court sentences a defendant to death, the court shall order

the defendant's execution to be carried out not later than one (1) year and one (1) day after the date the defendant was convicted. The supreme court has exclusive jurisdiction to stay the execution of a death sentence. If the supreme court stays the execution of a death sentence, the supreme court shall order a new date for the defendant's execution.
    (i) If a person sentenced to death by a court files a petition for post-conviction relief, the court, not later than ninety (90) days after the date the petition is filed, shall set a date to hold a hearing to consider the petition. If a court does not, within the ninety (90) day period, set the date to hold the hearing to consider the petition, the court's failure to set the hearing date is not a basis for additional post-conviction relief. The attorney general shall answer the petition for post-conviction relief on behalf of the state. At the request of the attorney general, a prosecuting attorney shall assist the attorney general. The court shall enter written findings of fact and conclusions of law concerning the petition not later than ninety (90) days after the date the hearing concludes. However, if the court determines that the petition is without merit, the court may dismiss the petition within ninety (90) days without conducting a hearing under this subsection.
    (j) A death sentence is subject to automatic review by the supreme court. The review, which shall be heard under rules adopted by the supreme court, shall be given priority over all other cases. The supreme court's review must take into consideration all claims that the:
        (1) conviction or sentence was in violation of the:
            (A) Constitution of the State of Indiana; or
            (B) Constitution of the United States;
        (2) sentencing court was without jurisdiction to impose a sentence; and
        (3) sentence:
            (A) exceeds the maximum sentence authorized by law; or
            (B) is otherwise erroneous.
If the supreme court cannot complete its review by the date set by the sentencing court for the defendant's execution under subsection (h), the supreme court shall stay the execution of the death sentence and set a new date to carry out the defendant's execution.
    (k) A person who has been sentenced to death and who has completed state post-conviction review proceedings may file a written petition with the supreme court seeking to present new evidence challenging the person's guilt or the appropriateness of the death sentence if the person serves notice on the attorney general. The supreme court shall determine, with or without a hearing, whether the person has presented previously undiscovered evidence that undermines confidence in the conviction or the death sentence. If necessary, the supreme court may remand the case to the trial court for an evidentiary hearing to consider the new evidence and its effect on the person's conviction and death sentence. The supreme court may not make a determination in the person's favor nor make a decision to remand the case to the trial court for an evidentiary

hearing without first providing the attorney general with an opportunity to be heard on the matter.
    (l) Before a sentence may be imposed under this section, the jury, in a proceeding under subsection (e), or the court, in a proceeding under subsection (g), must find that:
        (1) the state has proved beyond a reasonable doubt that at least one (1) of the aggravating circumstances listed in subsection (b) exists; and
        (2) any mitigating circumstances that exist are outweighed by the aggravating circumstance or circumstances.
As added by Acts 1977, P.L.340, SEC.122. Amended by P.L.336-1983, SEC.1; P.L.212-1986, SEC.1; P.L.332-1987, SEC.2; P.L.320-1987, SEC.2; P.L.296-1989, SEC.2; P.L.138-1989, SEC.6; P.L.1-1990, SEC.354; P.L.230-1993, SEC.5; P.L.250-1993, SEC.2; P.L.158-1994, SEC.7; P.L.306-1995, SEC.1; P.L.228-1996, SEC.1; P.L.216-1996, SEC.25; P.L.261-1997, SEC.7; P.L.80-2002, SEC.1; P.L.117-2002, SEC.2; P.L.1-2003, SEC.97; P.L.147-2003, SEC.1.

IC 35-50-2-10 Version a
Habitual substance offenders
    
Note: This version of section amended by P.L.71-2005, SEC.12. See also following version of this section amended by P.L.213-2005, SEC.5.
    Sec. 10. (a) As used in this section:
        (1) "Drug" means a drug or a controlled substance (as defined in IC 35-48-1).
        (2) "Substance offense" means a Class A misdemeanor or a felony in which the possession, use, abuse, delivery, transportation, or manufacture of alcohol or drugs is a material element of the crime. The term includes an offense under IC 9-30-5 and an offense under IC 9-11-2 (before its repeal).
    (b) The state may seek to have a person sentenced as a habitual substance offender for any substance offense by alleging, on a page separate from the rest of the charging instrument, that the person has accumulated two (2) prior unrelated substance offense convictions.
    (c) After a person has been convicted and sentenced for a substance offense committed after sentencing for a prior unrelated substance offense conviction, the person has accumulated two (2) prior unrelated substance offense convictions. However, a conviction does not count for purposes of this subsection if:
        (1) it has been set aside; or
        (2) it is a conviction for which the person has been pardoned.
    (d) If the person was convicted of the substance offense in a jury trial, the jury shall reconvene for the sentencing hearing. If the trial was to the court, or the judgment was entered on a guilty plea, the court alone shall conduct the sentencing hearing, under IC 35-38-1-3.
    (e) A person is a habitual substance offender if the jury (if the hearing is by jury) or the court (if the hearing is to the court alone) finds that the state has proved beyond a reasonable doubt that the person had accumulated two (2) prior unrelated substance offense

convictions.
    (f) The court shall sentence a person found to be a habitual substance offender to an additional fixed term of at least three (3) years but not more than eight (8) years imprisonment, to be added to the term of imprisonment imposed under IC 35-50-2 or IC 35-50-3. If the court finds that:
        (1) three (3) years or more have elapsed since the date the person was discharged from probation, imprisonment, or parole (whichever is later) for the last prior unrelated substance offense conviction and the date the person committed the substance offense for which the person is being sentenced as a habitual substance offender; or
        (2) all of the substance offenses for which the person has been convicted are substance offenses under IC 16-42-19 or IC 35-48-4, the person has not been convicted of a substance offense listed in section 2(b)(4) of this chapter, and the total number of convictions that the person has for:
            (A) dealing in or selling a legend drug under IC 16-42-19-27;
            (B) dealing in cocaine or a narcotic drug (
IC 35-48-4-1);
            (C) dealing in a schedule I, II, or III controlled substance (IC 35-48-4-2);
            (D) dealing in a schedule IV controlled substance (IC 35-48-4-3); and
            (E) dealing in a schedule V controlled substance (IC 35-48-4-4);
        does not exceed one (1);
then the court may reduce the additional fixed term. However, the court may not reduce the additional fixed term to less than one (1) year.
    (g) If a reduction of the additional year fixed term is authorized under subsection (f), the court may also consider the aggravating circumstances in IC 35-37-2.5-2 and the mitigating circumstances in IC 35-38-1-7.1 to:
        (1) decide the issue of granting a reduction; or
        (2) determine the number of years, if any, to be subtracted under subsection (f).
As added by P.L.335-1983, SEC.2. Amended by P.L.327-1985, SEC.5; P.L.98-1988, SEC.11; P.L.1-1990, SEC.355; P.L.96-1996, SEC.8; P.L.97-1996, SEC.5; P.L.2-1997, SEC.77; P.L.291-2001, SEC.227; P.L.71-2005, SEC.12.

IC 35-50-2-10 Version b
Habitual substance offenders
    
Note: This version of section amended by P.L.213-2005, SEC.5. See also preceding version of this section amended by P.L.71-2005, SEC.12.
    Sec. 10. (a) As used in this section:
        (1) "Drug" means a drug or a controlled substance (as defined in IC 35-48-1).


        (2) "Substance offense" means a Class A misdemeanor or a felony in which the possession, use, abuse, delivery, transportation, or manufacture of alcohol or drugs is a material element of the crime. The term includes an offense under IC 9-30-5 and an offense under IC 9-11-2 (before its repeal).
    (b) The state may seek to have a person sentenced as a habitual substance offender for any substance offense by alleging, on a page separate from the rest of the charging instrument, that the person has accumulated two (2) prior unrelated substance offense convictions.
    (c) After a person has been convicted and sentenced for a substance offense committed after sentencing for a prior unrelated substance offense conviction, the person has accumulated two (2) prior unrelated substance offense convictions. However, a conviction does not count for purposes of this subsection if:
        (1) it has been set aside; or
        (2) it is a conviction for which the person has been pardoned.
    (d) If the person was convicted of the substance offense in a jury trial, the jury shall reconvene for the sentencing hearing. If the trial was to the court, or the judgment was entered on a guilty plea, the court alone shall conduct the sentencing hearing, under IC 35-38-1-3.
    (e) A person is a habitual substance offender if the jury (if the hearing is by jury) or the court (if the hearing is to the court alone) finds that the state has proved beyond a reasonable doubt that the person had accumulated two (2) prior unrelated substance offense convictions.
    (f) The court shall sentence a person found to be a habitual substance offender to an additional fixed term of at least three (3) years but not more than eight (8) years imprisonment, to be added to the term of imprisonment imposed under IC 35-50-2 or IC 35-50-3. If the court finds that:
        (1) three (3) years or more have elapsed since the date the person was discharged from probation, imprisonment, or parole (whichever is later) for the last prior unrelated substance offense conviction and the date the person committed the substance offense for which the person is being sentenced as a habitual substance offender; or
        (2) all of the substance offenses for which the person has been convicted are substance offenses under IC 16-42-19 or IC 35-48-4, the person has not been convicted of a substance offense listed in section 2(b)(4) of this chapter, and the total number of convictions that the person has for:
            (A) dealing in or selling a legend drug under IC 16-42-19-27;
            (B) dealing in cocaine or a narcotic drug (
IC 35-48-4-1);
            (C) dealing in a schedule I, II, or III controlled substance (IC 35-48-4-2);
            (D) dealing in a schedule IV controlled substance (IC 35-48-4-3); and
            (E) dealing in a schedule V controlled substance (IC 35-48-4-4);
        does not exceed one (1);
then the court may reduce the additional fixed term. However, the court may not reduce the additional fixed term to less than one (1) year.
    (g) If a reduction of the additional year fixed term is authorized under subsection (f), the court may also consider the aggravating circumstances in IC 35-38-1-7.1(a) and the mitigating circumstances in IC 35-38-1-7.1(b) to:
        (1) decide the issue of granting a reduction; or
        (2) determine the number of years, if any, to be subtracted under subsection (f).
As added by P.L.335-1983, SEC.2. Amended by P.L.327-1985, SEC.5; P.L.98-1988, SEC.11; P.L.1-1990, SEC.355; P.L.96-1996, SEC.8; P.L.97-1996, SEC.5; P.L.2-1997, SEC.77; P.L.291-2001, SEC.227; P.L.213-2005, SEC.5.

IC 35-50-2-11
Firearm used in commission of offense; separate charge; additional sentence
    
Sec. 11. (a) As used in this section, "firearm" has the meaning set forth in IC 35-47-1-5.
    (b) As used in this section, "offense" means:
            (1) a felony under IC 35-42 that resulted in death or serious bodily injury;
            (2) kidnapping; or
            (3) criminal confinement as a Class B felony.
    (c) The state may seek, on a page separate from the rest of a charging instrument, to have a person who allegedly committed an offense sentenced to an additional fixed term of imprisonment if the state can show beyond a reasonable doubt that the person knowingly or intentionally used a firearm in the commission of the offense.
    (d) If the person was convicted of the offense in a jury trial, the jury shall reconvene to hear evidence in the enhancement hearing. If the trial was to the court, or the judgment was entered on a guilty plea, the court alone shall hear evidence in the enhancement hearing.
    (e) If the jury (if the hearing is by jury) or the court (if the hearing is to the court alone) finds that the state has proved beyond a reasonable doubt that the person knowingly or intentionally used a firearm in the commission of the offense, the court may sentence the person to an additional fixed term of imprisonment of five (5) years.
As added by P.L.140-1994, SEC.15. Amended by P.L.203-1996, SEC.9; P.L.71-2005, SEC.13.

IC 35-50-2-12
Characteristics of incarcerated offenders; publication of findings
    
Sec. 12. The Indiana criminal justice institute shall review characteristics of offenders committed to the department of correction over such period of time it deems appropriate and of the offenses committed by those offenders in order to ascertain norms used by the trial courts in sentencing. The Indiana criminal justice

institute shall from time to time publish its findings in the Indiana Register and provide its findings to the legislative services agency and the judicial conference of Indiana.
As added by P.L.164-1994, SEC.4.

IC 35-50-2-13
Use of firearms in controlled substance offenses under IC 35-48-4-1 through IC 35-48-4-4
    
Sec. 13. (a) The state may seek, on a page separate from the rest of a charging instrument, to have a person who allegedly committed an offense of dealing in a controlled substance under IC 35-48-4-1 through IC 35-48-4-4 sentenced to an additional fixed term of imprisonment if the state can show beyond a reasonable doubt that the person knowingly or intentionally:
        (1) used a firearm; or
        (2) possessed a:
            (A) handgun in violation of IC 35-47-2-1;
            (B) sawed-off shotgun in violation of IC 35-47-5-4.1; or
            (C) machine gun in violation of IC 35-47-5-8;
        while committing the offense.
    (b) If the person was convicted of the offense in a jury trial, the jury shall reconvene to hear evidence in the enhancement hearing. If the trial was to the court, or the judgment was entered on a guilty plea, the court alone shall hear evidence in the enhancement hearing.
    (c) If the jury (if the hearing is by jury) or the court (if the hearing is to the court alone) finds that the state has proved beyond a reasonable doubt that the person knowingly or intentionally committed an offense as described in subsection (a), the court may sentence the person to an additional fixed term of imprisonment of not more than five (5) years, except as follows:
        (1) If the firearm is a sawed-off shotgun, the court may sentence the person to an additional fixed term of imprisonment of not more than ten (10) years.
        (2) If the firearm is a machine gun or is equipped with a firearm silencer or firearm muffler, the court may sentence the person to an additional fixed term of imprisonment of not more than twenty (20) years. The additional sentence under this subdivision is in addition to any additional sentence imposed under section 11 of this chapter for use of a firearm in the commission of an offense.
As added by P.L.148-1995, SEC.6. Amended by P.L.71-2005, SEC.14.

IC 35-50-2-14
Repeat sexual offender
    
Sec. 14. (a) The state may seek to have a person sentenced as a repeat sexual offender for a sex offense under IC 35-42-4-1 through IC 35-42-4-9 or IC 35-46-1-3 by alleging, on a page separate from the rest of the charging instrument, that the person has accumulated one (1) prior unrelated felony conviction for a sex offense under

IC 35-42-4-1 through IC 35-42-4-9 or IC 35-46-1-3.
    (b) After a person has been convicted and sentenced for a felony committed after sentencing for a prior unrelated felony conviction under IC 35-42-4-1 through IC 35-42-4-9 or IC 35-46-1-3, the person has accumulated one (1) prior unrelated felony conviction. However, a conviction does not count for purposes of this subsection, if:
        (1) it has been set aside; or
        (2) it is one for which the person has been pardoned.
    (c) If the person was convicted of the offense in a jury trial, the jury shall reconvene to hear evidence in the enhancement hearing. If the trial was to the court, or the judgment was entered on a guilty plea, the court alone shall hear evidence in the enhancement hearing.
    (d) A person is a repeat sexual offender if the jury (if the hearing is by jury) or the court (if the hearing is to the court alone) finds that the state has proved beyond a reasonable doubt that the person had accumulated one (1) prior unrelated felony conviction under IC 35-42-4-1 through IC 35-42-4-9 or IC 35-46-1-3.
    (e) The court may sentence a person found to be a repeat sexual offender to an additional fixed term that is the advisory sentence for the underlying offense. However, the additional sentence may not exceed ten (10) years.
As added by P.L.214-1999, SEC.4. Amended by P.L.71-2005, SEC.15.