Citations Affected: IC 20-20; noncode.
Synopsis: Use of restraints and seclusion in schools. Establishes a
commission on seclusion and restraint in schools to adopt rules
concerning the use of restraint and seclusion in schools and develop a
model restraint and seclusion plan. Requires a school corporation to
have in place a restraint and seclusion plan for the 2014-2015 school
Effective: Upon passage.
January 8, 2013, read first time and referred to Committee on Education and Career
February 21, 2013, amended, reported favorably _ Do Pass.
February 25, 2013, read second time, amended, ordered engrossed.
A BILL FOR AN ACT to amend the Indiana Code concerning
and settings in which the student is involved.
(4) If applicable, the skills that will be taught and monitored in an effort to change a specific pattern of behavior of the student.
The behavioral intervention plan seeks to maximize consistency of implementation across people and settings in which the student is involved.
Sec. 2. As used in this chapter, "chemical restraint" means the administration of a drug or medication to manage a student's behavior or restrict a student's freedom of movement that is not a standard treatment and dosage for the student's medical or psychiatric condition.
Sec. 3. As used in this chapter, "commission" refers to the commission on seclusion and restraint in schools established under section 12 of this chapter.
Sec. 4. As used in this chapter, "isolated time-out" means the confinement of a student in a time-out room or some other enclosure, whether within or outside the classroom, from which the student's egress is restricted.
Sec. 5. (a) As used in this chapter, "mechanical restraint" means the use of:
(1) a mechanical device;
(2) a material; or
attached or adjacent to a student's body that the student cannot easily remove and that restricts the freedom of movement of all or part of the student's body or restricts normal access to the student's body.
(b) The term does not include:
(1) mechanical devices;
(2) a material; or
used as prescribed by a doctor.
Sec. 6. (a) As used in this chapter, "physical restraint" means physical contact between a school employee and a student:
(1) in which the student unwillingly participates; and
(2) that involves the use of a manual hold to restrict freedom of movement of all or part of a student's body or to restrict normal access to the student's body.
(b) The term does not include:
(1) briefly holding a student without undue force in order to calm or comfort the student, or to prevent unsafe behavior,
such as running into traffic or engaging in a physical
(2) physical escort; or
(3) physical contact intended to gently assist or prompt a student in performing a task or to guide or assist a student from one (1) area to another.
Sec. 7. As used in this chapter, "positive behavior intervention and support" means a systematic approach that:
(1) uses evidence based practices and data driven decision making to improve school climate and culture; and
(2) includes a range of systematic and individualized strategies to reinforce desired behavior and diminish reoccurrence of problem behavior;
to achieve improved academic and social outcomes and increase learning for all students.
Sec. 8. As used in this chapter, "school corporation" includes a charter school that is not a virtual charter school.
Sec. 9. As used in this chapter, "school employee" means an individual employed by a public school, including a charter school.
Sec. 10. As used in this chapter, "seclusion" means the involuntary confinement of a student alone in a room or area from which the student physically is prevented from leaving. The term does not include a supervised time-out or scheduled break, as described in a student's individualized education program, in which an adult is continuously present in the room with the student.
Sec. 11. As used in this chapter, "time-out" means a behavior reduction procedure in which access to reinforcement is withdrawn for a certain period of time. Time-out occurs when the ability of a student to receive normal reinforcement in the school environment is restricted.
Sec. 12. (a) The commission on seclusion and restraint in schools is established.
(b) The commission has the following nine (9) members:
(1) The designee of the state superintendent, who serves at the pleasure of the state superintendent.
(2) A representative of the Autism Society of Indiana, chosen by the organization, who serves a two (2) year term.
(3) A representative of the Arc of Indiana, chosen by the organization, who serves a two (2) year term.
(4) A representative of the Indiana Council of Administrators of Special Education, chosen by the organization, who serves
a two (2) year term.
(5) A representative of the Indiana Protection and Advocacy Services, chosen by the organization, who serves a two (2) year term.
(6) A parent of a student with a disability, nominated by a member described in subdivisions (1) through (5) and approved by a majority of the members described in subdivisions (1) through (5), who serves a two (2) year term.
(7) A parent of a student who does not have a disability, nominated by a member described in subdivisions (1) through (5) and approved by a majority of the members described in subdivisions (1) through (5), who serves a two (2) year term.
(8) Two (2) school administrators, each nominated by a member described in subdivisions (1) through (5) and approved by a majority of the members described in subdivisions (1) through (5), each of whom serves a two (2) year term.
(c) Each member of the commission who is not a state employee is entitled to the minimum salary per diem provided by IC 4-10-11-2.1(b). A member who is not a state employee is also entitled to reimbursement for traveling expenses and other expenses actually incurred in connection with the member's duties, as provided in the state travel policies and procedures established by the Indiana department of administration and approved by the budget agency.
Sec. 13. (a) The designee of the state superintendent under section 12(b)(1) of this chapter serves as chairperson of the commission.
(b) The commission shall meet at least annually on the call of the chairperson, and may meet as often as is necessary. The chairperson shall provide not less than fourteen (14) days notice of a meeting to the members of the commission and to the public.
(c) The affirmative votes of at least five (5) members of the commission are necessary for the commission to take action. The votes of the commission must be recorded.
(d) All commission meetings shall be open to the public, and each meeting must include opportunities for public comment.
(e) The department shall provide staff support for the commission.
Sec. 14. The commission has the following duties:
(1) To adopt rules concerning the following:
(A) The use of restraint and seclusion in public schools,
with an emphasis on minimizing the use of restraint and
(B) The prevention of the use of types of restraint or seclusion that may harm a student, a school employee, a school volunteer, or the educational environment of the school.
(C) Requirements for notifying parents and reporting incidents of restraint and seclusion.
(D) Training regarding the use of restraint and seclusion, including the frequency of training and what employees must be trained.
(2) Before August 1, 2013, to develop a model restraint and seclusion plan for schools that includes the following elements:
(A) A statement on how students will be treated with dignity and respect and how appropriate student behavior will be promoted and taught.
(B) A statement ensuring that the school will use prevention, positive behavior intervention and support, and conflict deescalation to minimize the need for use of any of the following:
(ii) Chemical restraint.
(iii) Mechanical restraint.
(iv) Physical restraint.
(C) A statement ensuring that any behavioral intervention used will be consistent with the student's most current behavioral intervention plan, or individualized education program, if applicable.
(D) Definitions for restraint and seclusion, as defined in this chapter.
(E) A statement ensuring that if a procedure listed in clause (B) is used, the procedure will be used:
(i) as a last resort safety procedure, employed only after another, less restrictive procedure has been implemented without success; and
(ii) in a situation in which there is an imminent risk of injury to the student, other students, school employees, or visitors to the school.
(F) An indication that restraint or seclusion may be used only for a short time period, or until the imminent risk of injury has passed.
(G) A documentation and recording requirement governing instances in which procedures listed in clause (B) are used, including:
(i) how every incident will be documented and debriefed;
(ii) how responsibilities will be assigned to designated employees for evaluation and oversight; and
(iii) designation of a school employee to be the keeper of such documents.
(H) A requirement that the student's parent must be notified as soon as possible when an incident involving the student occurs that includes use of procedures listed in clause (B).
(I) A requirement that a copy of an incident report must be sent to the student's parent after the student is subject to a procedure listed in clause (B).
(J) Required recurrent training for appropriate school employees on the appropriate use of effective alternatives to physical restraint and seclusion, including the use of positive behavioral intervention and support and conflict deescalation. The training must include the safe use of physical restraint and seclusion in incidents involving imminent danger or serious harm to the student, school employees, or others.
Sec. 15. A school corporation shall adopt a restraint and seclusion plan that incorporates, at a minimum, the elements of the model plan developed under section 14 of this chapter. The school corporation's plan must become effective not later than July 1, 2014.
Sec. 16. This chapter may not be construed to give rise to a cause of action, either civil or criminal, against the state, the department, the commission, or a member of the commission.
Sec. 17. The commission shall adopt rules under IC 4-22-2 to carry out the purposes of this chapter.