AN ACT to amend the Indiana Code concerning taxation.
department is not required to issue more than one (1) demand notice.
(b) If the person does not pay the amount demanded or show reasonable cause for not paying the amount demanded within the ten (10) day period, the department may issue a tax warrant for the amount of the tax, interest, penalties, collection fee, sheriff's costs, clerk's costs, and fees established under section 4(b) of this chapter when applicable.
When the department issues a tax warrant, a collection fee of ten percent (10%) of the unpaid tax is added to the total amount due.
(c) When the department issues a tax warrant, it may not file the warrant with the circuit court clerk of any county in which the person owns property until at least twenty (20) days after the date the demand notice was mailed to the taxpayer. The department may also send the warrant to the sheriff of any county in which the person owns property and direct the sheriff to file the warrant with the circuit court clerk:
(1) at least twenty (20) days after the date the demand notice was mailed to the taxpayer; and
(2) no later than five (5) days after the date the department issues the warrant.
(d) When the circuit court clerk receives a tax warrant from the department or the sheriff, the clerk shall record the warrant by making an entry in the judgment debtor's column of the judgment record, listing the following:
(1) The name of the person owing the tax.
(2) The amount of the tax, interest, penalties, collection fee, sheriff's costs, clerk's costs, and fees established under section 4(b) of this chapter when applicable.
(3) The date the warrant was filed with the clerk.
(e) When the entry is made, the total amount of the tax warrant becomes a judgment against the person owing the tax. The judgment creates a lien in favor of the state that attaches to all the person's interest in any:
(1) chose in action in the county; and
(2) real or personal property in the county;
excepting only negotiable instruments not yet due.
(f) A judgment obtained under this section is valid for ten (10) years from the date the judgment is filed. The department may renew the judgment for additional ten (10) year periods by filing an alias tax warrant with the circuit court clerk of the county in which the judgment previously existed.
(g) A judgment arising from a tax warrant in a county
may shall be
released by the department:
(1) after the judgment, including all accrued interest to the date of
payment, has been fully satisfied; or
(2) if the department determines that the tax assessment or the issuance of the tax warrant was in error.
(h) If the department determines that the filing of a tax warrant was in error, the department shall mail a release of the judgment to the taxpayer and the circuit court clerk of each county where the warrant was filed. The department shall mail the release as soon as possible but no later than seven (7) days after:
(1) the determination by the department that the filing of the warrant was in error; and
(2) the receipt of information by the department that the judgment has been recorded under subsection (d).
(i) If the department determines that a judgment described in subsection (h) is obstructing a lawful transaction, the department shall mail a release of the judgment to the taxpayer and the circuit court clerk of each county where the judgment was filed immediately upon making the determination.
(j) A release issued under subsection (h) or (i) must state that the filing of the tax warrant was in error. Upon the request of the taxpayer, the department shall mail a copy of a release issued under subsection (h) or (i) to each major credit reporting company located in each county where the judgment was filed.
(k) The commissioner shall notify each state agency or officer supplied with a tax warrant list of the issuance of a release under subsection (h) or (i).
(l) If the sheriff collects the full amount of a tax warrant, the sheriff shall disburse the money collected in the manner provided in section 3(c) of this chapter. If a judgment has been partially or fully satisfied by a person's surety, the surety becomes subrogated to the department's rights under the judgment. If a sheriff releases a judgment:
(1) before the judgment is fully satisfied;
(2) before the sheriff has properly disbursed the amount collected; or
(3) after the sheriff has returned the tax warrant to the department;
the sheriff commits a Class B misdemeanor and is personally liable for the part of the judgment not remitted to the department.
(m) A lien on real property described in subsection (e)(2) is void if both of the following occur:
(1) The person owing the tax provides written notice to the department to file an action to foreclose the lien.
(2) The department fails to file an action to foreclose the lien not later than one hundred eighty (180) days after receiving
(n) A person who gives notice under subsection (m) by registered or certified mail to the department may file an affidavit of service of the notice to file an action to foreclose the lien with the circuit court clerk in the county in which the property is located. The affidavit must state the following:
(1) The facts of the notice.
(2) That more than one hundred eighty (180) days have passed since the notice was received by the department.
(3) That no action for foreclosure of the lien is pending.
(4) That no unsatisfied judgment has been rendered on the lien.
(o) Upon receipt of the affidavit described in subsection (n), the circuit court clerk shall make an entry showing the release of the judgment lien in the judgment records for tax warrants.
engage an auctioneer to advertise a sale and to conduct a public
auction, unless the person being levied files an objection with the clerk
of the circuit or superior court having the tax warrant within five (5)
days of the day that the sheriff informs the person of the person's right
to object. The advertising conducted by the auctioneer is in addition to
any other notice required by law, and shall include a detailed
description of the property to be sold. When an auctioneer is engaged
under this subsection and the auctioneer files a verified claim with the
clerk of the circuit or superior court with whom the tax warrant is filed,
the sheriff may pay the reasonable fee and reasonable expenses of the
auctioneer from the gross proceeds of the sale before other expenses
and the judgment arising from the tax warrant are paid. As used in this
section, "auctioneer" means an auctioneer licensed under IC 25-6.1.
(c) The sheriff shall deposit all amounts that the sheriff collects under this section, including partial payments, into a special trust account for judgments collected that arose from tax warrants. On or before the fifth day of each month, the sheriff shall disburse the money in the tax warrant judgment lien trust account in the following order:
(1) The sheriff shall pay the department the part of the collections that represents taxes, interest, and penalties.
(2) The sheriff shall pay the county treasurer and the clerk of the circuit or superior court the part of the collections that represents their assessed costs.
(3) Except as provided in subdivisions (4) and (5), the sheriff shall keep the part of the collections that represents the ten percent (10%) collection fee added under section 2(b) of this chapter.
(4) If the sheriff has entered a salary contract under IC 36-2-13-2.5, the sheriff shall deposit in the county general fund the part of the collections that represents the ten percent (10%) collection fee added under section 2(b) of this chapter.
(5) If the sheriff has not entered into a salary contract under IC 36-2-13-2.5, the sheriff shall deposit in the county general fund the part of the collections that:
(A) represents the ten percent (10%) collection fee added under section 2(b) of this chapter; and
(B) would, if kept by the sheriff, result in the total amount of the sheriff's annual compensation exceeding the maximum amount allowed under IC 36-2-13-17.
The department shall establish the procedure for the disbursement of partial payments so that the intent of this section is carried out.
(d) After the period described in subsection (a) has passed, the
sheriff shall return the tax warrant to the department. However, if the
department determines that:
(1) at the end of this period the sheriff is in the process of collecting the judgment arising from a tax warrant in periodic payments of sufficient size that the judgment will be fully paid within one (1) year after the date the judgment was filed; and
(2) the sheriff's electronic data base regarding tax warrants is compatible with the department's data base;
the sheriff may keep the tax warrant and continue collections.
(e) Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, the department may order a sheriff to return a tax warrant at any time, if the department feels that action is necessary to protect the interests of the state.
(f) This subsection applies only to the sheriff of a county having a consolidated city or a second class city. In such a county, the ten percent (10%) collection fee added under section 2(b) of this chapter shall be divided as follows:
(1) Subject to subsection (g), the sheriff may retain forty thousand dollars ($40,000), plus one-fifth (1/5) of any fees exceeding that forty thousand dollar ($40,000) amount.
(2) Two-fifths (2/5) of any fees exceeding that forty thousand dollar ($40,000) amount shall be deposited in the sheriff's department's pension trust fund.
(3) Two-fifths (2/5) of any fees exceeding that forty thousand dollar ($40,000) amount shall be deposited in the county general fund.
(g) If an amount of the collection fee added under section 2(b) of this chapter would, if retained by the sheriff under subsection (f)(1), cause the total amount of the sheriff's annual compensation to exceed the maximum amount allowed under IC 36-2-13-17, the sheriff shall instead deposit the amount in the county general fund.
(h) Money deposited into a county general fund under subsections (c)(5) and (g) must be used as follows:
(1) To reduce any unfunded liability of a sheriff's pension trust plan established for the county's sheriff's department.
(2) Any amounts remaining after complying with subdivision (1) must be applied to the costs incurred to operate the county's sheriff's department.
department under section 3 of this chapter, or the taxpayer does not
pay the amount demanded under section 2(b) of this chapter and
the taxpayer has taken an action under section 2(n) of this chapter
to foreclose the lien, the department may take any of the following
actions without judicial proceedings.
(1) The department may levy upon the property of the taxpayer that is held by a financial institution by sending a claim to the financial institution. Upon receipt of a claim under this subdivision, the financial institution shall surrender to the department the taxpayer's property. If the taxpayer's property exceeds the amount owed to the state by the taxpayer, the financial institution shall surrender the taxpayer's property in an amount equal to the amount owed. After receiving the department's notice of levy, the financial institution is required to place a sixty (60) day hold on or restriction on the withdrawal of funds the taxpayer has on deposit or subsequently deposits, in an amount not to exceed the amount owed.
(2) The department may garnish the accrued earnings and wages of a taxpayer by sending a notice to the taxpayer's employer. Upon receipt of a notice under this subdivision, an employer shall garnish the accrued earnings and wages of the taxpayer in an amount equal to the full amount that is subject to garnishment under IC 24-4.5-5. The amount garnished shall be remitted to the department. The employer is entitled to a fee in an amount equal to the fee allowed under IC 24-4.5-5-105(5). However, the fee shall be borne entirely by the taxpayer.
(3) The department may levy upon and sell property and may:
(A) take immediate possession of the property and store it in a secure place; or
(B) leave the property in the custody of the taxpayer;
until the day of the sale. The department shall provide notice of the sale in one (1) newspaper, as provided in IC 5-3-1-2. If the property is left in the custody of the taxpayer, the department may require the taxpayer to provide a joint and several delivery bond, in an amount and with a surety acceptable to the department. At any time before the sale, any owner or part owner of the property may redeem the property from the judgment by paying the department the amount of the judgment. The proceeds of the sale shall be applied first to the collection expenses and second to the payment of the delinquent taxes and penalties. Any balance remaining shall be paid to the taxpayer.
SECTION 3, IS AMENDED TO READ AS FOLLOWS [EFFECTIVE
JULY 1, 2011]: Sec. 8. (a) A homeowners association may enforce a
homeowners association lien by filing a complaint in the circuit or
superior court of the county where the real estate that is the subject of
the lien is located. The complaint:
(1) may not be filed earlier than
one (1) year ninety (90) days,
(A) another person files a foreclosure action on the property that is the subject of the lien; or
(B) a person files written notice to file an action to foreclose the lien under section 9(a)(1) of this chapter; and
(2) must be filed not later than five (5) years;
after the date the statement and notice of intention to hold a lien was recorded under section 6 of this chapter.
(b) If a lien is not enforced within the time set forth in subsection (a), the lien is void.