STATE OF INDIANA
Supreme Court case no.
Court of Appeals case no.
DuBois Circuit Court case no.
Following a jury trial, Appellant was convicted of three counts of attempted murder
and one count of criminal mischief. Following submission of evidence on the
aggravating and mitigating circumstances, the trial court sentenced Appellant to forty years on
each of the three counts of attempted murder (the presumptive sentence plus ten
years for aggravating circumstances), and to three years for the criminal mischief conviction
(the presumptive sentence plus one and one-half years for aggravating circumstances). The
trial court ordered that two of the attempted murder sentences and the criminal
mischief sentence be served concurrently. The third attempted murder sentence, imposed with
respect to the victim who had been injured, was ordered to be served
consecutively to the others. Thus, the sentence called for a total executed
term of eighty years.
Appellant is correct that this sentence violates the statutory limitation on consecutive sentencing
in Indiana Code § 35-50-1-2 (1998). This statute limits a court's authority
in imposing consecutive sentences if the convictions are not for "crimes of violence"
and the convictions "arise out of an episode of criminal conduct." If
both of these circumstances exist, the total executed term is limited to the
presumptive sentence of the next higher class of felony. The statute provides
[E]xcept for crimes of violence, the total of the consecutive terms of imprisonment, exclusive of terms of imprisonment under IC 35-50-2-8 and IC 35-50-2-10 [relating to habitual offender sentences], to which the defendant is sentenced for felony convictions arising out of an episode of criminal conduct shall not exceed the presumptive sentence for a felony which is one (1) class of felony higher than the most serious of the felonies for which the person has been convicted.
Ind. Code § 35-50-1-2(c). Here, that Appellants felony convictions arose out of an episode of criminal conduct is not disputed. At issue is whether the convictions were for "crimes of violence" as such crimes are defined in subsection (a) of the statute. As the Court noted in Ellis v. State, 736 N.E.2d 731, 736 (Ind. 2000), the statute defines "crimes of violence" by supplying a straightforward list of crimes. Neither attempted murder nor criminal mischief were on the list in 2000 when Appellant committed and was tried for these crimes. See Ind. Code § 35-50-1-2(a) (1998). (The statute was amended, however, in 2001 to include attempted murder as a crime of violence. See Ind. Code § 35-50-1-2 (2001 Supp.)).
Thus, both circumstances for application of the limitation in Indiana Code § 35-50-1-2
exist here, and the limitation should have been applied. The most serious
felony for which Appellant was convicted was attempted murder, a Class A felony.
The presumptive sentence for the felony one class higher than attempted murder,
is fifty-five years.
Ellis, 736 N.E.2d at 737. Therefore, the total
term of imprisonment to which Appellant may be sentenced is fifty-five years.
The Court of Appeals acknowledged that attempted murder was not on the statutory
"crimes of violence" list, but decided that the limitation on consecutive sentences did
not apply because one of the attempted murders resulted in serious bodily injury.
See Fight, 759 N.E.2d at 1138-39 (citing Greer v. State, 684 N.E.2d
1140 (1997)). The Court of Appeals reliance on Greer is misplaced.
Greer construed a previous version of the statute, which exempted from the limitation
on consecutive sentences convictions for murder or for a felony which resulted in
serious bodily injury. Greer, 684 N.E.2d at 1142 (construing I.C. § 35-50-1-2
(1994)). As both Greer and Ellis noted, however, the serious bodily
injury language was repealed and replaced with the list in the statute applicable
to this case. Ellis, 736 N.E.2d at 737 n.14; Greer, 684 N.E.2d
at 1141 n.6.
Appellants erroneous sentence is VACATED and the case is REMANDED to the trial
court for resentencing consistent with Indiana Code § 35-50-1-2 (1998).
court may, in its discretion, either: (1) hold a new sentencing hearing, with
or without the submission of evidence; (2) direct additional briefing to assist with
the preparation of a new sentencing order; or (3) prepare a new sentencing
order if no hearing or additional briefing is deemed necessary.
The petition to transfer is GRANTED. The portions of the Court of
Appeals opinion relating to the sufficiency of the evidence and double jeopardy are
See App. R. 58.
The Clerk is directed to send a copy of this order to the
DeBois Circuit Court; and to counsel of record.
Done at Indianapolis, Indiana this 22nd day of March, 2002.
s/Randall T. Shepard
Randall T. Shepard
Chief Justice of Indiana
All Justices concur.