Table of Contents

Suspected Cancer Risk Factors

Cancer Site

Suspected Factors

Lung Air pollution
Fossil fuel combustion byproducts (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons)
Low beta-carotene consumption
Colon and Rectum Byproducts of high-temperature meat cooking
Low physical activity level
Inflammatory bowel disease
Alcohol consumption
Pancreas Alcohol consumption
Diet low in fruits and vegetables, high in fats and carbohydrates
Medical conditions such as diabetes, pancreatitis, gallbladder disease
Lymphoma Medical conditions such as asthma, allergies, arthritis, rheumatic fever, tuberculosis, and infectious mononucleosis
Epstein-Barr virus
Steroidal drug use
Diets high in milk, meat, and coffee
Hair dye exposure
Leukemia Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields (power line workers)
Brain Exposure to ionizing radiation, organic solvents, pesticides, electromagnetic fields, N-nitroso compounds, halomethanes
Family history
Hormonal factors, diet, tobacco, and alcohol
Kidney and Renal Pelvis Meat consumption
Occupational exposure in asbestos and coke production
Prescription diuretic use
Esophagus Poor nutrition
Diet low in fruits and vegetables
Bladder Urination habits in men
Hormonal and metabolic factors
High fat diet
Chlorination byproducts in drinking water
Stomach Genetic factors
Occupational exposure to ionizing radiation
Multiple Myeloma Genetic factors
Environmental factors
Occupational exposure to ionizing radiation, metals, rubber, wood, leather, textiles, paint, and petroleum
Chemical exposure to benzene, formaldehyde, chlorinated and aromatic hydrocarbons, and methylene chloride
Medical conditions such as allergies, rheumatoid arthritis, and rheumatic fever
Prostate History of venereal disease and multiple sex partners
Breast Obesity, high-fat diet
Pesticide exposure
Electromagnetic fields
Oral contraceptive use
Menopausal estrogen use
Ovary Diet and metabolism
Talcum powder
Cervix Tobacco
Sexually transmitted diseases
Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Occupational exposure: rubber, petroleum, refining, vinyl chloride, and chemists, dry cleaners, aircraft maintenance
Hair dye use
Occupational exposure to hair coloring products
Testis Cryptorchidism or undescended testis
Exposure to fertilizers

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