Table of Contents

Known Cancer Risk Factors

Cancer Site Major Factors Minor Factors
Lung Tobacco High doses of ionizing radiation
Exposure to airborne asbestos (workplace)
Environmental tobacco smoke
Occupational agents: mustard gas, chloromethyl ethers, chromium, nickel, inorganic arsenic
Colon and Rectum Diet high in fat, low in fiber
Genetic factors
Pancreas Uncertain Tobacco
Lymphoma Genetic syndromes HIV infection
Exposure to pesticides and organic solvents
Leukemia Uncertain Occupational exposures in rubber, petroleum, styrene, and butadiene production
Genetic factors
Radioactive drugs
Chemotherapy with alkylating agents
Children with Down's Syndrome or other abnormal chromosomal conditions
Brain Uncertain Uncertain
Kidney and Renal Pelvis Tobacco Analgesic abuse
Esophagus Tobacco
Diet low in fruits and vegetables
Bladder Tobacco Occupational exposure to aromatic amines, dye, rubber, leather, paint, and aluminum
Treatment with cyclophosphamide
Stomach Diet high in salted or preserved foods
Multiple Myeloma Uncertain Uncertain
Prostate Diet high in fat Genetic factors

Breast Late age at first birth
Diet high in fat
Genetic factors
Early menarche
Late menopause
Ovary Infertility
Low parity
Genetic factors
Cervix Tobacco
Early age at first intercourse
Numerous lifetime sexual partners
HPV* infection
Herpes simplex virus type 2
Oral Tobacco
Melanoma of Skin History of sunburns
Number of moles
Family history
Fair skin
Previous melanoma
Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma AIDS diagnosis
Kidney transplant
Grain handlers exposed to pesticides, grain dusts, and organic solvents

*Human Papillomavirus

Table of Contents

[an error occurred while processing this directive]