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Indiana State Department of Health

Environmental Public Health Home > Methamphetamine Lab Response > Introduction Introduction

What is Methamphetamine?

Methamphetamine is an addictive central nervous system stimulant, which dangerously speeds up the heart and blood pressure to uncontrollable levels. Methamphetamine is highly accessible and inexpensive to produce.

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) classify methamphetamine as a Schedule II drug.

Methamphetamine (Meth) production consists of the mixing of volatile solvents, corrosives, reactive metals, and ephedrine/pseudo-ephedrine which will off-gas various residues, and produce approximately six pounds of waste for every pound of meth.

The number of clandestine methamphetamine labs has been rapidly increasing over the years in Indiana. Methamphetamine labs have been discovered in homes, apartments, hotel and motel rooms, mobile homes, restaurants, sheds, and motor vehicles.

  • Meth Lab Residue

Toxic droplets and particulates from the methamphetamine production process deposits chemicals and methamphetamine residues on interior surfaces including: walls, ceilings, floors, doors, cabinets, and furniture. Porous items such as carpet and upholstery readily absorb the meth residue and remain in the fabric unless removed by decontamination. Exposure to meth residue may cause adverse health effects and/or behavioral changes. Meth residue-contaminated properties need to be properly evaluated and decontaminated before being categorized as habitable by a public health official.

The methamphetamine final decontamination standard in Indiana according to 318 IAC 1 is 0.5ug/100cm2

Methamphetamine is a crystal-like powder substance that can appear as shards of glass when the powder flakes off the rock-like portions. Meth can be taken orally, injected, smoked, or snorted.