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Indiana State Department of Health

Maternal & Child Health (MCH) > Infant Mortality Infant Mortality

Definition: Infant Mortality is the number of babies who die during the first year of life per 1,000 live births based on the birth cohort.

Healthy People 2020 Goal:

  • 6.0 deaths per 1,000 live births.

Consequences:

  • Infant death is a critical indicator of the health of a population. It reflects the overall state of maternal health as well as the quality and accessibility of primary health care available to pregnant women and infants.

Causes:

  • The top three causes of infant deaths among all races and among whites are disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight, congenital anomalies and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome.
  • Among blacks, the leading causes of infant deaths include disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight followed by congenital anomalies and accidents.

Prevalence:

Table 1: 2011 Infant Mortality Rates: Indiana

Live Births

Infant Deaths

Infant Death Rates

All Races

83,750

643

7.7

White

69,349

479

6.9

Black

9,908

122

12.3

Other

4,493

42

9.3

Hispanic

8,105

53

6.5

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Trends in Infant Mortality:

  • The overall Indiana infant mortality was 7.7 per 1000 live births in 2011.
  • A significant disparity is being observed between white and black infant mortality rates. Black infants are 1.8 times more likely to die than white infants.
  • Black infant mortality rates in Indiana are decreasing considerably; however, white infant mortality rates are increasing