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Each year in the US, approximately 2 – 3 out of every 1,000 children are born with permanent hearing loss.
Without newborn hearing screening, most of these children would not be identified with hearing loss during babyhood.
By including hearing screening in Indiana’s newborn screen, most of these children an be identified before 3 months of age.
Click here to read the HIPAA Notice of Privacy Practice for the ISDH Newborn Screening Program.
Click here to read the HIPAA Notice of Privacy Practice in Spanish.
Newborn hearing screening is done before a baby is one month old. There are two types of screening done to evaluate a baby’s hearing. Each screening test takes a few minutes, and is safe and painless. Babies often sleep through these tests.
Oto-acoustic emissions (OAE) are one way to evaluate how a child hears. During the OAE, sounds are sent to the baby’s ear canal, and a small microphone measures the response of the cochlea inside the ear.
Another way to evaluate hearing is called the automated auditory brainstem response test (AABR). During the AABR, sounds are presented through earphones. Electrodes placed on the baby’s skin measure the activity of the baby’s brainstem in response to the sound presented through the earphones.
Although it doesn’t happen often, some babies with mild hearing loss or hearing loss in only one area may pass the newborn hearing screen. Some babies are born with normal hearing but develop hearing loss after birth, due to illness or a genetic condition. If your baby has a risk factor or you have concerns, have your baby tested.
Hearing Testing for Children | Services for Children with Hearing Loss | Diagnostic Testing for Hearing Loss | Children with Hearing Loss | Types of Hearing Loss | Risk Factors for Hearing Loss | Describing Hearing Loss | Genetics of Hearing Loss | Genetic Conditions Associated with Hearing Loss | Contact Us