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Forestry management measures are described in the U.S. EPA guidance document, National Management Measures to Control Nonpoint Pollution from Forestry, 2005. This guidance document is intended to provide technical assistance to state water quality and forestry program managers, nonindustrial private forest owners, industrial forest owners, and others involved with forest management on the best available, most economically achievable means of reducing the NPS pollution of surface and ground waters that can result from forestry activities. The guidance document provides background information about NPS pollution from forestry activities, including where it comes from and how it enters our waters. It presents the most current technical information about how to minimize and reduce NPS pollution to forest waters, and it discusses the broad concept of assessing and addressing water quality problems on a watershed-by-watershed level. By assessing and addressing water quality problems at the watershed level, state program managers and others involved with forest management can integrate concerns about forestry activities with those of other resource management activities. This will allow the identification of conflicting requirements and provide balance between short-term impacts and long-term benefits. This approach can maximize the potential for overall improvement and protection of watershed conditions, as well as provide multiple environmental benefits.
The implementation of management measures and their associated management practices applied at forest harvest sites and along roads provides essential control of erosion and sedimentation. It will also limit, as much as possible, the potential for water pollution that can result from forest harvesting activities.