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Indiana Department of Environmental Management

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Table of Contents: Air Quality

Asbestos Information

To ensure the proper management of asbestos-containing materials (ACM), IDEM oversees requirements for licensing, demolition, notification, emission control, and disposal. Asbestos-containing materials in buildings do not always pose a problem or hazard to occupants and workers in those buildings. Intact, undisturbed asbestos-containing materials generally do not pose a health risk. However, asbestos-containing materials may become hazardous and pose increased risk when they are damaged, disturbed in some manner, or deteriorate over time and thus release asbestos fibers into building air.

Licensing, Demolition and Notification

Those working to remove asbestos must be licensed to work in Indiana. Application forms and licensing requirements are provided on IDEM’s Asbestos Web page.

IDEM’s Asbestos Web page includes Licensed Asbestos Personnel Listings, including contractors, workers, inspectors, management planners, project supervisors, project designers, and training providers.

An asbestos building inspection is required to be performed by an Indiana licensed asbestos building inspector prior to demolition or any renovation operation that might disturb asbestos-containing building materials.

Demolition is the wrecking or taking out of any load-supporting structures of a facility or the intentional burning of any facility. Renovation is the altering of a facility or one (1) or more of a facility's components in any way, including the stripping or removal of regulated asbestos-containing material (RACM) from a facility component.

If friable asbestos containing material is to be abated/removed totaling greater than three (3) square feet, three (3) linear feet or .75 cubic feet, an Indiana licensed asbestos abatement contractor must be obtained. Friable asbestos material is defined as material that can be pulverized, crumbled or turned to a powder under normal hand pressure or mechanical means expected to act on it. Examples include, but are not limited to, pipe insulation, boiler insulation and sprayed on fireproofing.

Notification to IDEM is required to be submitted by the owner or operator of all commercial demolitions and abatement projects that involve the removal of friable asbestos containing material exceeding 160 square feet, 260 linear feet or 35 cubic feet. The notification form is required to be submitted ten (10) days prior to commencement of the project. For additional information about notification requirements and to obtain the proper notification form, visit IDEM’s Asbestos Waste Handling Requirements Web page.

Disposal

Regulated asbestos-containing materials, meaning those materials that are friable or have the high probability of becoming friable during demolition or renovation activities, must be disposed in a state-permitted municipal solid waste landfill.

On the other hand, resilient floor coverings (including associated mastic) and asphalt-based siding and roofing shingles containing asbestos that are in good condition - that is, they are nonfriable; not readily crumbled or pulverized and therefore not as likely to become airborne - may be disposed as solid waste at either a state-permitted construction/demolition debris landfill or a municipal solid waste landfill. No bagging, labeling, special handling, permits, or additional fees are required by IDEM.

Transite and slate board roofing materials have a high probability of becoming crumbled, pulverized or reduced to powder during disposal (unloading and compaction). Therefore, if these materials are from a commercial, industrial, or institutional structure, they should be disposed of at a state-permitted municipal solid waste landfill.

Residential structures and apartment buildings with four (4) or fewer units are exempt from state and federal asbestos disposal requirements. However, homeowners and do-it-yourselfers are strongly urged to follow asbestos removal guidelines and to remember that even persons generating asbestos waste from a residence remain subject to regulations found in the Indiana Administrative Code (329 IAC 10-4-2), which state "no person shall cause or allow the storage, containment, processing or disposal of solid waste in a manner which creates a threat to human health or the environment". As a result, IDEM also recommends that such homeowners and do-it-yourselfers package asbestos waste in the appropriate manner prior to disposal.

Personal protective equipment, such as protective coveralls and a respirator equipped with a high efficiency particulate air filter, should always be worn during a removal project. Coveralls and respirator filter cartridges should also be properly packaged prior to disposal.

A great deal of additional information, including tips for homeowners and a listing of state-permitted municipal solid waste landfills, is provided on IDEM’s Asbestos Waste Handling Requirements Web page.

Questions about licensing, demolition, notification and disposal may be directed to IDEM’s Asbestos Section, toll free at (800) 451-6027 ext. 3-6880, or IDEM's Industrial Waste Compliance Section at (800) 451-6027 ext. 308-3103 or 308-3008.