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Indiana Department of Environmental Management

IDEM > Permitting > Water Permits > Wastewater Permits > Industrial Wastewater Permits > NPDES Form 2C Application Package > Form 2C Application Instructions Form 2C Application Instructions

Application for Permit to Discharge Wastewater from Existing Manufacturing, Commercial, Mining, and Silvicultural Operations

Note: This form must be completed by all applicants who check "yes" to item 8 in the General Information Form.

Public Availability of Submitted Information

Your application will not be considered complete unless you answer every question on this form and on the General Information Form. If an item does not apply to you, enter "NA" (for not applicable) to show that you considered the question.

You may not claim as confidential any information required by this form or the General Information Form, whether the information is reported on the forms or in an attachment. This information will be made available to the public upon request.

Any information you submit to EPA which goes beyond that required by this form or the General Information Form you may claim as confidential, but claims for information which is effluent data will be denied. If you do not assert a claim of confidentiality at the time of submitting the information, EPA may make the information public without further notice to you. Claims of confidentiality will be handled in accordance with EPA's business confidentiality regulations at 40 CFR Part 2.


All significant terms used in these instructions and in the form are defined in the glossary found in the General Instructions which accompany the General Information Form.

EPA ID Number

Fill in your EPA Identification Number at the top of each page of Form 2C. You may copy this number directly from item 7 of the General Information Form.

Item I

You may use the map you provided for item 14 of the General Information Form to determine the latitude and longitude of each of your outfalls and the name of the receiving water.

Item II-A

The line drawing should show generally the route taken by water in your facility from intake to discharge. Show all operations contributing wastewater, including process and production areas, sanitary flows, cooling water, and storm water runoff. You may group similar operations into a single unit, labeled to correspond to the more detailed listing in item II-B. The water balance should show average flows. Show all significant losses of water to products, atmosphere, and discharge. You should use actual measurements whenever available; otherwise use your best estimate. An example of an acceptable line drawing appears in Figure 2C-I to these instructions.

Item II-B

List all sources of wastewater to each outfall. Operations may be described in general terms (for example, 'dye-making reactor" or "distillation tower'). You may estimate the flow contributed by each source if no data are available. For storm water discharges you may estimate the average flow, but you must indicate the rainfall event upon which the estimate is based and the method of estimation. For each treatment unit, indicate its size, flow rate, and retention time, and describe the ultimate disposal of any solid or liquid wastes not discharged. Treatment units should be listed in order and you should select the proper code from Table 2C-1 to fill in column 3-b for each treatment unit. Insert "XX" into column 3-b if no code corresponds to a treatment unit you list. If you are applying for a permit for a privately owned treatment works, you must also identify all of your contributors in an attached listing.

Item II-C

A discharge is intermittent unless it occurs without interruption during the operating hours of the facility, except for infrequent shut-downs for maintenance, process changes, or other similar activities. A discharge is seasonal if it occurs only during certain parts of the year. Fill in every applicable column in this item for each source of intermittent or seasonal discharges. Base your answers on actual data whenever available; otherwise, provide your best estimate. Report the highest daily value for flow rate and total volume in the "Maximum Daily" columns (columns 4-a-2 and 4-b-2). Report the average of all daily values measured during days when discharge occurred within the last year in the "Long Term Average" columns (columns 4-a-1 and 4-b- 1).

Item III-A

All effluent guidelines promulgated by EPA appear in the Federal Register and are published annually in 40 CFR Subchapter N. A guideline applies to you if you have any operations contributing process wastewater in any subcategory covered by a BPT, BCT, or BAT guideline. If you are unsure whether you are covered by a promulgated effluent guideline, check with your EPA Regional office (Table I in the General Information Form instructions). You must check "yes" if an applicable effluent guideline has been promulgated, even if the guideline limitations are being contested in court. If you believe that a promulgated effluent guideline has been remanded for reconsideration by a court and does not apply to your operations, you may check "no".

Item III-B

An effluent guideline is expressed in terms of production (or other measure of operation) if the limitation is expressed as mass of pollutant per operational parameter; for example, "pounds of BOD per cubic foot of logs from which bark is removed," or "pounds of TSS per megawatt hour of electrical energy consumed by smelting furnace". An example of a guideline not expressed in terms of a measure of operation is one which limits the concentration of pollutants.

Item III-C

This item must be completed only if you checked "yes" to item III-B. The production information requested here is necessary to apply effluent guidelines to your facility and you cannot claim it as confidential. However, you do not have to indicate how the reported information was calculated. Report quantities in the units of measurement used in the applicable effluent guideline. The production figures provided must be based on actual daily production and not on design capacity or on predictions of future operations. To obtain alternate limits under 40 CFR 122.45(b)(2)(ii), you must define your maximum production capability and demonstrate to the Director that your actual production is substantially below maximum production capability and that there is a reasonable potential for an increase above actual production during the duration of the permit.

Item IV-A

If you check "yes" to this question, complete all parts of the chart, or attach a copy of any previous submission you have made to EPA containing same information.

Item IV-B

You are not required to submit a description of future pollution control projects if you do not wish to or if none is planned.

Item V-A, B, C, and D

The items require you to collect and report data on the pollutants discharged for each of your outfalls. Each part of this item addresses a different set of pollutants and must be completed in accordance with the specific instructions for that part. The following general instructions apply to the entire item.

General Instructions

Part A requires you to report at least one analysis for each pollutant listed. Parts B and C require you to report analytical data in two ways. For some pollutants, you may be required to mark 'X' in the "Testing Required" column (column 2-a, Part C), and test (sample and analyze) and report the levels of the pollutants in your discharge whether or not you expect them to be present in your discharge. For all others, you must mark 'X' in either the "Believe Present" column or the "Believe Absent" column (columns 2-a or 2-b, Part B, and columns 2-b or 2-c, Part C) based on your best estimate, and test for those which you believe to be present. (See specific instructions on the form and below for Parts A through D.) Base your determination that a pollutant is present in or absent from your discharge on your knowledge of your raw materials, maintenance chemicals, intermediate and final products and byproducts, and any previous analyses known to you of your effluent or similar effluent. For example:

  • If you manufacture pesticides, you should expect those pesticides to be present in contaminated stormwater runoff.

If you would expect a pollutant to be present solely as a result of its presence in your intake water, you must mark "Believe Present" but you are not required to analyze for that pollutant. Instead, mark an "X" in the "Intake" column.

A. Reporting

All levels must be reported as concentration and as total mass. You may report some or all of the required data by attaching separate sheets of paper instead of filling out pages V-1 to V-9 if the separate sheets contain all the required information in a format which is consistent with pagesV-1 toV-9 in spacing and in identification of pollutants and columns. (For example, the data system used in your GC/MS analysis may be able to print data in the proper format.) Use the following abbreviations in the columns headed "Units" (column 3, Part A, and column 4, Parts B and C).

  Abbreviation Measurement Units
Concentration ppm parts per million
mg/l milligrams
ppb parts per billion
μg/l micrograms per liter
Mass lbs pounds
per liter ton tons (English tons)
mg milligrams
g grams
kg kilograms
T tonnes (metric tons)

All reporting of values for metals must be in terms of "total recoverable metal," unless:

  1. An applicable, promulgated effluent limitation or standard specifies the limitation for the metal in dissolved, valent, or total form; or
  2. All approved analytical methods for the metal inherently measure only its dissolved form (e.g., hexavalent chromium); or
  3. The permitting authority has determined that in establishing case-by-case limitations it is necessary to express the limitations on the metal in dissolved, valent, or total form to carry out the provisions of the CWA.

If you measure only one daily value, complete only the "Maximum Daily Values" columns and insert '1' into the "Number of Analyses" column (columns 2-a and 2-d, Part A, and column 3-a, 3-d, Parts B and C). The permitting authority may require you to conduct additional analyses to further characterize your discharges. For composite samples, the daily value is the total mass or average concentration found in a composite sample taken over the operating hours of the facility during a 24-hour period; for grab samples, the daily value is the arithmetic or flow-weighted total mass or average concentration found in a series of at least four grab samples taken over the operating hours of the facility during a 24-hour period.

If you measure more than one daily value for a pollutant and those values are representative of your wastestream, you must report them. You must describe your method of testing and data analysis. You also must determine the average of all values within the last year and report the concentration and mass under the "Long Term Average Values" columns (column 2-c, PartA, and column 3-c, Parts B and C), and the total number of daily values under the "Number of Analyses" columns (column 2-d, Part A, and columns 3-d, Parts B and C). Also, determine the average of all daily values taken during each calendar month, and report the highest average under the "Maximum 30-day Values" columns (column 2-c, PartA, and column 3-b, Parts B and C).

B. Sampling

The collection of the samples for the reported analyses should be supervised by a person experienced in performing sampling of industrial wastewater. You may contact your EPA or State permitting authority for detailed guidance on sampling techniques and for answers to specific questions. Any specific requirements contained in the applicable analytical methods should be followed for sample containers, sample preservation, holding times, the collection of duplicate samples, etc. The time when you sample should be representative of your normal operation, to the extent feasible, with all processes which contribute wastewater in normal operation, and with your treatment system operating properly with no system upsets. Samples should be collected from the center of the flow channel, where turbulence is at a maximum, at a site specified in your present permit, or at any site adequate for the collection of a representative sample.

For pH, temperature, cyanide, total phenols, residual chlorine, oil and grease, and fecal coliform, grab samples must be used. For all other pollutants 24-hour composite samples must be used. However, a minimum of one grab sample may be taken for effluents from holding ponds or other impoundments with a retention period of greater than 24 hours. For stormwater discharges a minimum of one to four grab samples may be taken, depending on the duration of the discharge. One grab must be taken in the first hour (or less) of discharge, with one additional grab (up to a minimum of four) taken in each succeeding hour of discharge for discharges lasting four or more hours. The Director may waive composite sampling for any outfall for which you demonstrate that use of an automatic sampler is infeasible and that a minimum of four grab samples will be representative of your discharge.

Grab and composite samples are defined as follows:

Grab sample:
An individual sample of at least 100 milliliters collected at a randomly-selected time over a period not exceeding 15 minutes.
Composite sample:
A combination of at least 8 sample aliquots of at least 100 milliliters, collected at periodic intervals during the operating hours of a facility over a 24 hour period. The composite must be flow proportional; either the time interval between each aliquot or the volume of each aliquot must be proportional to either the stream flow at the time of sampling or the total stream flow since the collection of the previous aliquot. Aliquots may be collected manually or automatically. For GC/MS Volatile Organic Analysis (VOA), aliquots must be combined in the laboratory immediately before analysis. Four (4) (rather than eight) aliquots or grab samples should be collected forVOA. These four samples should be collected during actual hours of discharge over a 24 hour period and need not be flow proportioned. Only one analysis is required.

The Agency is currently reviewing sampling requirements in light of recent research on testing methods. Upon completion of its review, the Agency plans to propose changes to the sampling requirements.

Data from samples taken in the past may be used, provided that:

  • All data requirements are met;
  • Sampling was done no more than three years before submission; and
  • All data are representative of the present discharge.

Among the factors which would cause the data to be unrepresentative are significant changes in production level, changes in raw materials, processes, or final products, and changes in wastewater treatment. When the Agency promulgates new analytical methods in 40 CFR Part 136, EPA will provide information as to when you should use the new methods to generate data on your discharges. Of course, the Director may request additional information, including current quantitative data, if she or he determines it to be necessary to assess your discharges.

C. Analysis

You must use test methods promulgated in 40 CFR Part 136; however, if none has been promulgated for a particular pollutant, you may use any suitable method for measuring the level of the pollutant in your discharge provided that you submit a description of the method or a reference to a published method. Your description should include the sample holding time, preservation techniques, and the quality control measures which you used. If you have two or more substantially identical outfalls, you may request permission from your permitting authority to sample and analyse only one outfall and submit the results of the analysis for other substantially identical outfalls. If your request is granted by the permitting authority, on a separate sheet attached to the application form, identify which outfall you did test, and describe why the outfalls which you did not test are substantially identical to the outfall which you did test.

D. Reporting of Intake Data

You are not required to report data under the "Intake" columns unless you wish to demonstrate your eligibility for a "net" effluent limitation for one or more pollutants, that is, an effluent limitation adjusted by subtracting the average level of the pollutant(s) present in your intake water. NPDES regulations allow net limitations only in certain circumstances. To demonstrate your eligibility, under the "Intake" columns report the average of the results of analyses on your intake water (if your water is treated before use, test the water after it is treated), and discuss the requirements for a net limitation with your permitting authority.

Part V-A

Part V-A must be completed by all applicants for all outfalls, including outfalls containing only noncontact cooling water or storm runoff. However, at your request, the director may waive the requirement to test for one or more of these pollutants, upon a determination that available information is adequate to support issuance of the permit with less stringent reporting requirements for these pollutants. You also may request a waiver for one or more of these pollutants for your category or subcategory from the Director, Office of Water Enforcement and Permits. See discussion in General Instructions to item V for definitions of the columns in Part A. The "Long Term Average Values" column (column 2-c) and "Maximum 30-day Values" column (column 2-b) are not compulsory but should be filled out if data are available.

Use composite samples for all pollutants in this Part, except use grab samples for pH and temperature. See discussion in General Instructions to Item V for definitions of the columns in Part A. The "Long Term Average Values" column (column 2-c) and "Maximum 30-Day Values" column (column 2-b) are not compulsory but should be filled out if data are available.

Part V-B

Part V-B must be completed by all applicants for all outfalls, including outfalls containing only noncontact cooling water or storm runoff. You must report quantitative data if the pollutant(s) in question is limited in an effluent limitations guideline either directly, or indirectly but expressly through limitation on an indicator (e.g., use of TSS as an indicator to control of the discharge of iron and aluminum). For other discharged pollutants you must provide quantitative data or explain their presence in your discharge.

EPA will consider requests to the Director of the Office of Water Enforcement and Permits to eliminate the requirement to test for pollutants for an industrial category or subcategory. Your request must be supported by data representative of the industrial category or subcategory in question. The data must demonstrate that individual testing for each applicant is unnecessary, because the facilities in the category or subcategory discharge substantially identical levels of the pollutant or discharge the pollutant uniformly at sufficiently low levels. Use composite samples for all pollutants you analyze for in this part, except use grab samples for residual chlorine, oil and grease, and fecal coliform, The "Long Term Average Values" column (column 3-c) and "Maximum 30-day Values" column (column 3-b) are not compulsory but should be filled out if data are available.

Part V-C

Table 2c-2 lists the 34 "primary" industry categories in the left-hand column. For each outfall, if any of your processes which contribute wastewater falls into one of those categories, you must mark 'X' in "Testing Required" column (column 2-a) and test for (1) all of the toxic metals, cyanide, and total phenols, and (2) the organic toxic pollutants contained in Table 2c-2 as applicable to your category, unless you qualify as a small business (see below). The organic toxic pollutants are listed by GC/MS fractions on pages V-4 to V-9 in Part V-C. For example, the Organic Chemicals Industry has an asterisk in all four fractions; therefore, applicants in this category must test for all organic toxic pollutants in Part V-C. The inclusion of total phenols in Part V-C is not intended to classify total phenols as a toxic pollutant.

If you are applying for a permit for a privately owned treatment works, determine your testing requirements on the basis of the industry categories of your contributors. When you determine which industry category you are in to find your testing requirements, you are not determining your category for any other purpose and you are not giving up your right to challenge your inclusion in that category (for example, for deciding whether an effluent guideline is applicable) before your permit is issued. For all other cases (secondary industries, nonprocess wastewater outfalls, and non-required GC/MS fractions), you must mark "X" in either the "Believed Present" column (column 2-b) or the "Believed Absent" column (column 2-c) for each pollutant. For every pollutant you know or have reason to believe is present in your discharge in concentrations of 1.0 ppb or greater, you must report quantitative data.

For acrolein, acrylonitrile, 2, 4 dinitrophenol, and 2-methyl-4, 6 dinitrophenol, where you expect these four pollutants to be discharged in concentrations of 100 ppb or greater, you must report quantitative data. For every pollutant expected to be discharged in concentrations less than the thresholds specified above, you must either submit quantitative data or briefly describe the reasons the pollutant is expected to be discharged.

At your request the Director, Office of Water Enforcement and Permits, may waive the requirement to test for pollutants for an industrial category or subcategory. Your request must be supported by data representatives of the industrial category or subcategory in question. The data must demonstrate that individual testing for each applicant is unnecessary, because the facilities in question discharge substantially identical levels of the pollutant, or discharge the pollutant uniformly at sufficiently low levels. If you qualify as a small business (see below) you are exempt from testing for the organic toxic pollutants, listed on pages V-4 to V-9 in Part C.

For pollutants in intake water, see discussion in General Instructions to this item. The "Long Term Average Values" column (column 3-c) and "Maximum 30-day Values" column (column 3-b) are not compulsory but should be filled out if data are available. You are required to mark "Testing Required" for dioxin if you use or manufacture one of the following compounds:

  1. 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxy acetic acid, (2,4,5-T);
  2. 2-(2,4,5-trichlorophenoxy) propanoic acid, (Silvex, 2,4,5-TP);
  3. 2-(2,4,5-trichlorophenoxy) ethyl 2,2-dichloropropionate, (Erbon);
  4. O Odimethyl O-(2,4,5-trichlorophenyl) phosphorothioate, (Ronnel);
  5. 2, 4, 5,-trichlorophenol, (TCP); or
  6. hexachlorophene, (HCP).

If you mark "Testing Required" or "Believed Present," you must perform a screening analysis for dioxins, using gas chromatography with an electron capture detector. A TCDD standard for quantitation is not required. Describe the results of this analysis in the space provided; for example, "no measurable baseline deflection at the retention time of TCDD" or "a measurable peak within the tolerances of the retention time of TCDD." The permitting authority may require you to perform a quantitative analysis if you report a positive result.

The Effluent Guidelines Division of EPA has collected and analyzed samples from some plants for the pollutants listed in Part C in the course of its BAT guidelines development program. If your effluents are sampled and analyzed as part of this program in the last three years, you may use these data to answer Part C provided that the permitting authority approves, and provided that no process change or change in raw materials or operating practices has occurred since the samples were taken that would make the analyses unrepresentative of your current discharge.

Small Business Exemption

If you qualify as a "small business," you are exempt from the reporting requirements for the organic toxic pollutants, listed on pages V-4 to V-9 in Part C. There are two ways in which you can qualify as a "small business." If your facility is a coal mine, and if your probable total annual production is less than 100,000 tons per year, you may submit past production data or estimated future production (such as a schedule of estimated total production under 30 CFR 795.14(c)) instead of conducting analyses for the organic toxic pollutants.

If your facility is not a coal mine, and if your gross total annual sales for the most recent three years average less than $100,000 per year (in second quarter 1980 dollars), you may submit sales data for those years instead of conducting analyses for the organic toxic pollutants. The production or sales data must be for the facility which is the source of the discharge. The data should not be limited to production or sales for the process or processes which contribute to the discharge, unless those are the only processes at your facility.

For sales data, in situations involving intracorporate transfer of goods and services, the transfer price per unit should approximate market prices for those goods and services as closely as possible. Sales figures for years after 1980 should be indexed to the second quarterof 1980 by using the gross national product price deflator (second quarter of 1980 = 1 00). This index is available in National Income and Product Accounts of the United States (Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis).

Part V-D

List any pollutants in Table 2c-3 that you believe to be present and explain why you believe them to be present. No analysis is required, but if you have analytical data, you must report it.

Note: Under 40 CFR 117.12(a)(2), certain discharges of hazardous substances (listed in Table 2c-4 of these instructions) may be exempted from the requirements of section 311 of CWA, which establishes reporting requirements, civil penalties and liability for cleanup costs for spills of oil and hazardous substances. A discharge of a particular substance may be exempted if the origin, source, and amount of the discharged substances are identified in the NDPES permit application or in the permit, if the permit contains a requirement for treatment of the discharge, and if the treatment is in place. To apply for an exclusion of the discharge of any hazardous substance from the requirements of section 311, attach additional sheets of paper to your form, setting forth the following information:

  1. The substances and the amount of each substance which may be discharged.
  2. The origin and source of the discharge of the substance.
  3. The treatment which is to be provided for the discharge by:
    1. An onsite treatment system separate from any treatment system treating your normal discharge;
    2. A treatment system designed to treat your normal discharge and which is additionally capable of treating the amount of the substance identified under paragraph 1 above, or
    3. Any combination of the above.

See 40 CFR §l17.12(a)(2) and (c), published on August 29, 1979, in 44 FR 50766, or contact your Regional Office (Table I on the General Information Form Instructions), for further information on exclusions from section 311.

Item VI

This requirement applies to current use or manufacture of a toxic pollutant as an intermediate or final product or byproduct. The Director may waive or modify the requirement if you demonstrate that it would be unduly burdensome to identify each toxic pollutant and the Director has adequate information to issue your permit. You may not claim this information as confidential; however, you do not have to distinguish between use or production of the pollutants or list the amounts.

Item VII

Self explanatory. The permitting authority may ask you to provide additional details after your application is received.

Item IX

The Clean Water Act provides for severe penalties for submitting false information on this application form.

Section 309(c)(2) of the Clean Water Act provides that "Any person who knowingly makes any false statement, representation, or certification in any application, ... shall upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not more than $10,000 or by imprisonment of not more than six months, or by both."

40 CFR Part 122.22 requires the certification to be signed as follows:

  1. For a corporation: by a responsible corporate official. For purposes of this section, a responsible corporate official means (i) a president, secretary, treasurer, or vice-president of the corporation in charge of a principal business function, or any other person who performs similar policy- or decision-making functions for the corporation, or (ii) the manager of one or more manufacturing, production, or operating facilities employing more than 250 persons or having gross annual sales or expenditures exceeding $25,000,000 (in second-quarter 1980 dollars), if authority to sign documents has been assigned or delegated to the manager in accordance with corporate procedures.
    • Note: EPA does not require specific assignments or delegation of authority to responsible corporate officers identified in §122.22(a)(1)(i). The Agency will presume that these responsible corporate officers have the requisite authority to sign permit applications unless the corporation has notified the director to the contrary. Corporate procedures governing authority to sign permit applications may provide for assignment or delegation to applicable corporate position under 122.22(a)(1)(ii) rather than to specific individuals.
  2. For a partnership or sole proprietorship: by a general partner or the proprietor, respectively: or
  3. For a municipality, State, Federal, or other public agency.

by either a principal executive officer or ranking elected official. For purposes of this section, a principal executive officer of a Federal Agency includes (i) the chief executive officer of the Agency, or (ii) a senior executive officer having responsibility for the overall operations of a principal geographic unit of the Agency (e.g., Regional Administrators of EPA). Applications for Group II storm water dischargers may be signed by a duly authorized representative (as defined in 40 CFR 122.22(b)) of the individuals identified above.

Table 2C-1: Codes for Treatment Units
Physical Treatment Processes
1-A Ammonia Stripping
1-B Dialysis
1-C Diatomaceous Earth Filtration
1-D Distillation
1-E Electrodialysis
1-F Evaporation
1-G Flocculation
1-H Flotation
1-I Foam Fractionation
1-J Freezing
1-K Gas-Phase Separation
1-L Grinding (Comminutors)
1-M Grit Removal
1-N Microstraining
1-O Mixing
1-P Moving Bed Filters
1-Q Multimedia Filtration
1-R Rapid Sand Filtration
1-S ReverseOsmosis (Hyperfiltration)
1-T Screening
1-U Sedimentation (Settling)
1-V Slow Sand Filtration
1-W Solvent Extraction
1-X Sorption
Chemical Treatment Processes
2-A Carbon Adsorption
2-B Chemical Oxidation
2-C Chemical Precipitation
2-D Coagulation
2-E Dechlorination
2-F Disinfection (Chlorine)
2-G Disinfection (Ozone)
2-H Disinfection (Other)
2-I Electrochemical Treatment
2-J Ion Exchange
2-K Neutralization
2-L Reduction
Biological Treatment Processes
3-A Activated Sludge
3-B Aerated Lagoons
3-C Anaerobic Treatment
3-D Nitrification-Denitrification
3-E Pre-Aeration
3-F Spray Irrigation/Land Application
3-G Stabilization Ponds
3-H Trickling Filtration
Other Processes
4-A Discharge to Surface Water
4-B Ocean Discharge Through Outfall
4-C Reuse/Recycle of Treated Effluent
4-D Underground Injection
Sludge Treatment and Disposal Processes
5-A Aerobic Digestion
5-B Anaerobic Digestion
5-C Belt Filtration
5-D Centrifugation
5-E Chemical Conditioning
5-F Chlorine Treatment
5-G Composting
5-H Drying Beds
5-I Elutriation
5-J Flotation Thickening
5-K Freezing
5-L Gravity Thickening
5-M Heat Drying
5-N Heat Treatment
5-O Incineration
5-P Land Application
5-Q Landfill
5-R Pressure Filtration
5-S Pyrolysis
5-T Sludge Lagoons
5-U Vacuum Filtration
5-V Vibration
5-W Wet Oxidation

Table 2C-2: Testing Requirements for Organic Toxic Pollutants Industry Category *
Industry Category GC/MS FRACTION 1
Volatile Acid Base/
Adhesives and sealants X X X --
Aluminum forming X X X --
Auto and other laundries X X X X
Battery manufacturing X -- X --
Coal mining X X X X
Coil coating X X X --
Copper forming X X X --
Electric and electronic compounds X X X X
Electroplating X X X --
Explosives manufacturing -- X X --
Foundries X X X --
Gum and wood chemicals X X X X
Inorganic chemicals manufacturing X X X --
Iron and steel manufacturing X X X --
Leather tanning and finishing X X X X
Mechanical products manufacturing X X X --
Nonferrous metals manufacturing X X X X
Ore mining X X X X
Organic chemicals manufacturing X X X X
Paint and ink formulation X X X X
Pesticides X X X X
Petroleum refining X X X X
Pharmaceutical preparations X X X --
Photographic equipment and supplies X X X X
Plastic and synthetic materials manufacturing X X X X
Plastic processing X -- -- --
Porcelain enameling X -- X X
Printing and publishing X X X X
Pulp and paperboard mills X X X X
Rubber processing X X X --
Soap and detergent manufacturing X X X --
Steam electric power plants X X X --
Textile mills X X X X
Timber products processing X X X X

X = Testing required.

-- = Testing not required.

* See note at conclusion of 40 CFR Part 122, Appendix D (1983) for explanation of effect of suspensions on testing requirements for primary industry categories.

1 The pollutants in each fraction are listed in Item V-C.

Table 2C-3: Toxic Pollutants and Hazardous Substances
Required to be Identified by Applicants, If Expected to be Present
Toxic Pollutant Asbestos
Hazardous Substances Acetaldehyde
Allyl alcohol
Allyl chloride
Amyl acetate
Benzyl chloride
Butyl acetate
Carbon disulfide
2,4-D (2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid)
2,2-Dichloropropionic acid
Diethyl amine
Dimethyl amine
Ethylene diamine
Ethylene dibromide
Methyl mercaptan
Methyl methacrylate
Methyl parathion
Monoethyl amine
Monomethyl amine
Napthenic acid
Propylene oxide
2,4,5-T (2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid)
TDE (Tetrachlorodiphenyl ethane)
2,4,5-TP [2,(2,4,5- Trichlorophenoxy) propanoic acid]
Vinyl acetate

Table 2C-4: Hazardous Substances

  1. Acetaldehyde
  2. Acetic acid
  3. Acetic anhydride
  4. Acetone cyanohydrin
  5. Acetyl bromide
  6. Acetyl chloride
  7. Acrolein
  8. Acrylonitrile
  9. Adipic acid
  10. Aldrin
  11. Allyl alcohol
  12. Allyl chloride
  13. Aluminum sulfate
  14. Ammonia
  15. Ammonium acetate
  16. Ammonium benzoate
  17. Ammonium bicarbonate
  18. Ammonium bichromate
  19. Ammonium bifluoride
  20. Ammonium bisulfite
  21. Ammonium carbamate
  22. Ammonium carbonate
  23. Ammonium chloride
  24. Ammonium chromate
  25. Ammonium citrate
  26. Ammonium fluoborate
  27. Ammonium fluoride
  28. Ammonium hydroxide
  29. Ammonium oxalate
  30. Ammonium silicofluoride
  31. Ammonium sulfamate
  32. Ammonium sulfide
  33. Ammonium sulfite
  34. Ammonium tartrate
  35. Ammonium thiocyanate
  36. Ammonium thiosulfate
  37. Amyl acetate
  38. Aniline
  39. Antimony pentachloride
  40. Antimony potassium tartrate
  41. Antimony tribromide
  42. Antimony trichloride
  43. Antimony trifluoride
  44. Antimony trioxide
  45. Arsenic disulfide
  46. Arsenic pentoxide
  47. Arsenic trichloride
  48. Arsenic trioxide
  49. Arsenic trisulfide
  50. Barium cyanide
  51. Benzene
  52. Benzoic acid
  53. Benzonitrile
  54. Benzoyl chloride
  55. Benzyl chloride
  56. Beryllium chloride
  57. Beryllium fluoride
  58. Beryllium nitrate
  59. Butylacetate
  60. n-Butylphthalate
  61. Butylamine
  62. Butyric acid
  63. Cadmium acetate
  64. Cadmium bromide
  65. Cadmium chloride
  66. Calcium arsenate
  67. Calcium arsenite
  68. Calcium carbide
  69. Calcium chromate
  70. Calcium cyanide
  71. Calcium dodecylbenzenesulfonate
  72. Calcium hypochlorite
  73. Captan
  74. Carbaryl
  75. Carbofuran
  76. Carbon disulfide
  77. Carbon tetrachloride
  78. Chlordane
  79. Chlorine
  80. Chlorobenzene
  81. Chloroform
  82. Chlorosulfonic acid
  83. Chlorpyrifos
  84. Chromic acetate
  85. Chromic acid
  86. Chromic sulfate
  87. Chromous chloride
  88. Cobaltous bromide
  89. Cobaltous formate
  90. Cobaltous sulfamate
  91. Coumaphos
  92. Cresol
  93. Crotonaldehyde
  94. Cupric acetate
  95. Cupric acetoarsenite
  96. Cupric chloride
  97. Cupric nitrate
  98. Cupric oxalate
  99. Cupric sulfate
  100. Cupric sulfate, ammoniated
  101. Cupric tartrate
  102. Cyanogen chloride
  103. Cyclohexane
  104. 2,4-D Acid
  105. 2,4-D Esters
  106. DDT
  107. Diazinon
  108. Dicamba
  109. Dichlobenil
  110. Dichlone
  111. Dichlorobenzene
  112. Dichloropropane
  113. Dichloropropene
  114. Dichloropropene-Dichloro propane (mixture)
  115. 2,2-Dichloropropionic acid
  116. Dichlorvos
  117. Dieldrin
  118. Diethylamine
  119. Dimethylamine
  120. Dinitrobenzene
  121. Dinitrophenol
  122. Dinitrotoluene
  123. Diquat
  124. Disulfoton
  125. Diuron
  126. Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid
  127. Endosulfan
  128. Endrin
  129. Epichlorohydrin
  130. Ethion
  131. Ethylbenzene
  132. Ethylenediamine
  133. Ethylenediamine-tetraacetic acid (EDTA)
  134. Ethylene dibromide
  135. Ethylene dichloride
  136. Ferric ammonium citrate
  137. Ferric ammonium oxalate
  138. Ferric chloride
  139. Ferric fluoride
  140. Ferric nitrate
  141. Ferric sulfate
  142. Ferrous ammonium sulfate
  143. Ferrous chloride
  144. Ferrous sulfate
  145. Formaldehyde
  146. Formic acid
  147. Fumaric acid
  148. Furfural
  149. Guthion
  150. Heptachlor
  151. Hexachlorocyclopentadiene
  152. Hydrochloric acid
  153. Hydrofluoric acid
  154. Hydrogen cyanide
  155. Hydrogen sulfide
  156. Isoprene
  157. Isopropanolamine dodecylbenzenesulfonate
  158. Kelthane
  159. Kepone
  160. Lead acetate
  161. Lead arsenate
  162. Lead chloride
  163. Lead fluoborate
  164. Lead fluorite
  165. Lead iodide
  166. Lead nitrate
  167. Lead stearate
  168. Lead sulfate
  169. Lead sulfide
  170. Lead thiocyanate
  171. Lindane
  172. Lithium chromate
  173. Malathion
  174. Maleic acid
  175. Maleic anhydride
  176. Mercaptodimethur
  177. Mercuric cyanide
  178. Mercuric nitrate
  179. Mercuric sulfate
  180. Mercuric thiocyanate
  181. Mercurous nitrate
  182. Methoxychlor
  183. Methyl mercaptan
  184. Methyl methacrylate
  185. Methyl parathion
  186. Mevinphos
  187. Mexacarbate
  188. Monoethylamine
  189. Monomethylamine
  190. Naled
  191. Naphthalene
  192. Naphthenic acid
  193. Nickel ammonium sulfate
  194. Nickel chloride
  195. Nickel hydroxide
  196. Nickel nitrate
  197. Nickel sulfate
  198. Nitric acid
  199. Nitrobenzene
  200. Nitrogen dioxide
  201. Nitrophenol
  202. Nitrotoluene
  203. Paraformaldehyde
  204. Parathion
  205. Pentachlorophenol
  206. Phenol
  207. Phosgene
  208. Phosphoric acid
  209. Phosphorus
  210. Phosphorus oxychloride
  211. Phosphorus pentasulfide
  212. Phosphorus trichloride
  213. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB)
  214. Potassium arsenate
  215. Potassium arsenite
  216. Potassium bichromate
  217. Potassium chromate
  218. Potassium cyanide
  219. Potassium hydroxide
  220. Potassium permanganate
  221. Propargite
  222. Propionic acid
  223. Propionic anhydride
  224. Propylene oxide
  225. Pyrethrins
  226. Quinoline
  227. Resorcinol
  228. Selenium oxide
  229. Silver nitrate
  230. Sodium
  231. Sodium arsenate
  232. Sodium arsenite
  233. Sodium bichromate
  234. Sodium bifluoride
  235. Sodium bisulfite
  236. Sodium chromate
  237. Sodium cyanide
  238. Sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate
  239. Sodium fluoride
  240. Sodium hydrosulfide
  241. Sodium hydroxide
  242. Sodium hypochlorite
  243. Sodium methylate
  244. Sodium nitrite
  245. Sodium phosphate (dibasic)
  246. Sodium phosphate (tribasic)
  247. Sodium selenite
  248. Strontium chromate
  249. Strychnine
  250. Styrene
  251. Sulfuric acid
  252. Sulfur monochloride
  253. 2,4,5-T acid (2,4,5- Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid)
  254. 2,4,5-T amines (2,4,5- Trichlorophenoxy acetic acid amines)
  255. 2,4,5-T esters (2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy acetic acid esters)
  256. 2,4,5-T salts (2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy acetic acid salts)
  257. 2,4,5-TP acid (2,4,5- Trichlorophe-noxy propanoic acid)
  258. 2,4,5-TP acid esters (2,4,5- Trichlorophenoxy propanoic acid esters)
  259. TDE (Tetrachlorodiphenyl ethane)
  260. Tetraethyl lead
  261. Tetraethyl pyrophosphate
  262. Thallium sulfate
  263. Toluene
  264. Toxaphene
  265. Trichlorofon
  266. Trichloroethylene
  267. Trichlorophenol
  268. Triethanolamine dodecylbenzenesulfonate
  269. Triethylamine
  270. Trimethylamine
  271. Uranyl acetate
  272. Uranyl nitrate
  273. Vanadium pentoxide
  274. Vanadyl sulfate
  275. Vinyl acetate
  276. Vinylidene chloride
  277. Xylene
  278. Xylenol
  279. Zinc acetate
  280. Zinc ammonium chloride
  281. Zinc borate
  282. Zinc bromide
  283. Zinc carbonate
  284. Zinc chloride
  285. Zinc cyanide
  286. Zinc fluoride
  287. Zinc formate
  288. Zinc hydrosulfite
  289. Zinc nitrate
  290. Zinc phenolsulfonate
  291. Zinc phosphide
  292. Zinc silicofluoride
  293. Zinc sulfate
  294. Zirconium nitrate
  295. Zirconium potassium flouride
  296. Zirconium sulfate
  297. Zirconium tetrachloride