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Indiana Department of Environmental Management

IDEM > Permitting > Land Permits > Land and Waste Disposal Issues > Site Summaries > VRP Project Summary: Former United Technologies Automotive VRP Project Summary: Former United Technologies Automotive

Site Name: Former United Technologies Automotive (UTA)
Applicant Name: United Technologies Automotive Systems, Inc.
Site Location: North Manchester, Wabash County
VRP Site Number: #6980103
Project Manager: Jeff Kavanaugh
Date Application Received: February 3, 1998
Date Project Completed: March 17, 2003
Contaminant(s): VOCs, PAHs, and Lead
Media Addressed: Surface and Subsurface Soil and Groundwater
Cleanup Objectives Achieved: Tier II Cleanup Goals for Residential and NonResidential
Deed/Land-Use Restrictions: NonResidential

Project Summary: The former UTA facility was located at 305 East 2nd Street, within the city limits of North Manchester and surrounded by commercial and residential land uses. The overall area of the site occupied approximately one half a city block with no structures existing on the property at the time UTA entered the VRP program in 1998. The UTA site once consisted of an interconnected building complex including one and two story manufacturing buildings and two residential buildings utilized as offices. UTA demolished the buildings in 1997.

The former UTA facility manufactured battery cable connectors for the automotive industry and used lead, antimony, and copper wiring in the manufacturing of the cables. Other processes included the use of lubricating oils, compressor oils, and hydraulic oils at the facility. Small quantities of degreasers were also used at a parts cleaning station as well as fluxes, lubricants, and paints in the manufacturing process. Containerized materials such as solvents, paints, and thinners were also stored at the facility. Additionally, four (4) fuel oil containing UST's also existed at various locations at the project site.

Between 1993 and 1997 several environmental assessments had been performed at the site including; the removal of the UST's, subsurface investigations with the installation of groundwater monitoring wells, and impacted soil removal from source areas throughout the site. Following the aforementioned site activities, all areas and the media being addressed were below their respective VRP Residential and Industrial Tier II Cleanup Goals. Therefore, the Remediation Work Plan did not propose additional active remediation for the site. As such, the RWP consisted of additional confirmation sampling of soil with groundwater monitoring in the former source areas and throughout the site. The closure criteria for surface and subsurface soils were for VOCs, PAHs and Lead. Residential cleanup goals were proposed for the constituents of VOCs, PAHs, and Lead in groundwater. These residential cleanup goals for groundwater were re-evaluated when low levels of VOCs were detected above the residential goals near a downgradient property boundary. As a result, groundwater modeling was also performed in order to illustrate that the low levels of VOCs detected in the groundwater would not exceed residential clean up goals at or beyond the property boundary.

In March 2003 it was agreed between IDEM, United Technologies, and the City of North Manchester that rezoning the adjacent residential properties, with the intention of purchasing and demolishing the buildings for a redevelopment project, that non-residential closure levels for groundwater would be considered. Additionally, it was agreed that by placing Environmental Restrictive Covenants on both the UTA property and the adjacent residential properties, that the VOC concentrations exceeding the residential cleanup goals in groundwater at the property boundary would be acceptable. In July 2003, the adjacent residential structures and property were sold and later demolished for the construction of a new commercial building. The property is currently rezoned for business and anticipated future land use is commercial. Environmental Restrictive Covenants precluding groundwater use at the former UTA site and the adjacent residential properties, and restrictions limiting land-use to nonresidential were pre-recorded on the property deeds as part of the remediation completion activities. The results of soil and groundwater sampling indicate that the constituents of concern meet the respective VRP Tier II Cleanup Goals at the project site.