Sheriff's Residence and Jail

Sheriff's Residence and JailSheriff's Residence and Jail

Location: 208 NW 4th St., Evansville, IN 47708 (Vanderburgh County, Indiana)

Installed 2007 Indiana Historical Bureau, Woods and Woods, LLP, and Vanderburgh County Historical Society

ID#: 82.2007.1

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Vanderburgh County formed, Evansville named county seat 1818. This castle-like structure was completed 1890 for county's fourth jail and second sheriff's residence. Stone exterior has step-gables, projecting turrets, crenellated roof lines, simulated portcullis, and central, rounded tower. Tunnel connects the jail to the 1890 courthouse.

Jail and residence were the focal point of a race riot July 1903, which lasted several days; twelve people were killed and many more injured. County functions moved out 1969. Listed in National Register of Historic Places 1970. County jails were first established 1792 under territorial laws and were included in state constitutions of 1816 and 1851.

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