Earthquakes are sudden, violent shakings of the earth's crust. They are caused when the earth's tectonic plates move, rub, collide or break apart. Earthquakes aren't predictable, so the best practice is to always be prepared.
Before an Earthquake:
- Put larger objects on lower shelves and lighter ones on the top.
- Learn how to turn off water, gas, and electricity to the home.
- If possible, have walls, chimneys, shelves, and hanging items more securely reinforced.
- Bolt the water heater to studs in the walls.
During an Earthquake:
- Get under a large, sturdy piece of furniture and hang onto it because you both can move during an earthquake. Cover your head with your arms. Be ready for aftershocks.
- If you are outside, stay away from power lines, tall buildings, or anything that could possibly fall on you.
- If you are in a car, drive slowly to a clear location. Make sure nothing is around that could possibly fall on you, and remain in the car.
After an Earthquake:
- Check for injuries and care for seriously injured.
- Monitor radio or TV for further instructions.
- If you hear a hissing or a gas leak noise, turn off main gas. Leave house immediately.
- Put out small fires if there are any.
- Check home for damage.
- Do NOT re-enter house if it has structural damage.
"Stuff You Need To Know"
- Central U.S. Earthquake Guide
- Earthquake Fact Sheet
- Earthquake Preparedness Tips for Individuals with Disabilities
- Earthquakes in Indiana
- Securing Items
- What to do during an Earthquake